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Difference between revisions of "αἷμα"

Γελᾷ δ' ὁ μωρός, κἄν τι μὴ γέλοιον ᾖ -> The fool laughs even when there's nothing to laugh at
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|Beta Code=ai(=ma
 
|Beta Code=ai(=ma
 
|Definition=ατος, τό, <span class="sense"><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> <b class="b2">blood</b>, <span class="bibl">Il. 1.303</span>, etc.; φόνος αἵματος <span class="bibl">16.162</span>; ψυχῆς ἄκρατον αἷμα <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">El.</span>786</span>: in pl., <b class="b2">streams of blood</b>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Ag.</span>1293</span>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ant.</span> 121</span>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">El.</span>1172</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Alc.</span>496</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> of <b class="b2">anything like blood</b>, Βακχίου <span class="bibl">Tim. <span class="title">Fr.</span>7</span>; αἷ. σταφυλῆς <span class="bibl">LXX<span class="title">Si.</span>39.26</span>, cf. <span class="title">App.Anth.</span>3.166 (Procl.). </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">b</span> <b class="b2">dye</b> obtained from <b class="b3">ἄγχουσα</b>, <b class="b2">alkanet</b>, PHolm.15.25, <span class="title">PLeid.X.</span>99.3. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">3</span> with collat. meaning of <b class="b2">spirit, courage</b>, οὐκ ἔχων αἷμα <b class="b2">pale, spiritless</b> <span class="bibl">Aeschin.3.160</span>; τοὺς αἷμα φάσκοντας τὴν ψυχήν <span class="bibl">Arist.<span class="title">de An.</span> 405b4</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> <b class="b2">bloodshcd, murder</b>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Ch.</span>520</span>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OT</span>101</span>; <b class="b3">ὅμαιμον αἷ</b>. a kinsman's <b class="b2">murder</b>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Supp.</span>449</span>; <b class="b3">εἴργασται μητρῷον αἷ</b>. <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Or.</span> 285</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">406</span>; <b class="b3">αἶ. πράττειν</b> ib.<span class="bibl">1139</span>; αἷμα συγγενὲς κτείνας <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Fr.</span>799.3</span>; <b class="b3">αἷμα τραγοκτόνον</b> shedding of goat's <b class="b2">blood</b>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Ba.</span>139</span>; <b class="b3">ἐφ' αἵματι φεύγειν</b> to avoid trial for <b class="b2">murder</b> by going into exile, <span class="title">SIG</span>58 (Milet., V B.C.), <span class="bibl">D.21.105</span>; αἷμα συγγενὲς φεύγων <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Supp.</span>148</span>: pl. in this sense, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Ch.</span>66</span>,<span class="bibl">650</span>, freq. in E., never in S.; <b class="b3">αἵματασύγγονα</b> brothers' <b class="b2">corpses</b>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Ph.</span>1502</span>:—concrete, <b class="b3">νεακόνητον αἷ</b>. keen-edged <b class="b2">death</b>, i. e. a sword, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">El.</span>1394</span> (expl. by <b class="b3">μάχαιρα</b>, Hsch.). </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">III</span> <b class="b2">blood relationship, kin</b>, αἷ. τε καὶ γένος <span class="bibl">Od.8.583</span>; αἵματός εἰς ἀγαθοῖο <span class="bibl">4.611</span>; οΐ σῆς ἐξ αἵματός εἰσι γενέθλης <span class="bibl">Il.19.111</span>; <b class="b3">τὸ αἷ. τινος</b> his <b class="b2">blood</b> or <b class="b2">origin</b>, <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">N.</span>11.34</span>; <b class="b3">αἷ. ἐμφύλιον</b> incestuous <b class="b2">kinship</b>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OT</span>1406</span>; τοὺς πρὸς αἵματος <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Aj.</span>1305</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Arist.<span class="title">Pol.</span>1262a11</span>; <b class="b3">μητρὸς τῆς ἐμῆς ἐν αἵματι</b> <b class="b2">akin</b> to her <b class="b2">by blood</b>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>606</span>, cf. <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Th.</span>141</span>; ἀφ' αἵματος ὑμετέρου <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OC</span>245</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> concrete, of a person, ὦ Διὸς . . αἷμα <span class="title">IG</span>14.1003.1, cf. 1389 ii4, etc.</span>
 
|Definition=ατος, τό, <span class="sense"><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> <b class="b2">blood</b>, <span class="bibl">Il. 1.303</span>, etc.; φόνος αἵματος <span class="bibl">16.162</span>; ψυχῆς ἄκρατον αἷμα <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">El.</span>786</span>: in pl., <b class="b2">streams of blood</b>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Ag.</span>1293</span>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ant.</span> 121</span>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">El.</span>1172</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Alc.</span>496</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> of <b class="b2">anything like blood</b>, Βακχίου <span class="bibl">Tim. <span class="title">Fr.</span>7</span>; αἷ. σταφυλῆς <span class="bibl">LXX<span class="title">Si.</span>39.26</span>, cf. <span class="title">App.Anth.</span>3.166 (Procl.). </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">b</span> <b class="b2">dye</b> obtained from <b class="b3">ἄγχουσα</b>, <b class="b2">alkanet</b>, PHolm.15.25, <span class="title">PLeid.X.</span>99.3. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">3</span> with collat. meaning of <b class="b2">spirit, courage</b>, οὐκ ἔχων αἷμα <b class="b2">pale, spiritless</b> <span class="bibl">Aeschin.3.160</span>; τοὺς αἷμα φάσκοντας τὴν ψυχήν <span class="bibl">Arist.<span class="title">de An.</span> 405b4</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> <b class="b2">bloodshcd, murder</b>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Ch.</span>520</span>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OT</span>101</span>; <b class="b3">ὅμαιμον αἷ</b>. a kinsman's <b class="b2">murder</b>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Supp.</span>449</span>; <b class="b3">εἴργασται μητρῷον αἷ</b>. <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Or.</span> 285</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">406</span>; <b class="b3">αἶ. πράττειν</b> ib.<span class="bibl">1139</span>; αἷμα συγγενὲς κτείνας <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Fr.</span>799.3</span>; <b class="b3">αἷμα τραγοκτόνον</b> shedding of goat's <b class="b2">blood</b>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Ba.</span>139</span>; <b class="b3">ἐφ' αἵματι φεύγειν</b> to avoid trial for <b class="b2">murder</b> by going into exile, <span class="title">SIG</span>58 (Milet., V B.C.), <span class="bibl">D.21.105</span>; αἷμα συγγενὲς φεύγων <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Supp.</span>148</span>: pl. in this sense, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Ch.</span>66</span>,<span class="bibl">650</span>, freq. in E., never in S.; <b class="b3">αἵματασύγγονα</b> brothers' <b class="b2">corpses</b>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Ph.</span>1502</span>:—concrete, <b class="b3">νεακόνητον αἷ</b>. keen-edged <b class="b2">death</b>, i. e. a sword, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">El.</span>1394</span> (expl. by <b class="b3">μάχαιρα</b>, Hsch.). </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">III</span> <b class="b2">blood relationship, kin</b>, αἷ. τε καὶ γένος <span class="bibl">Od.8.583</span>; αἵματός εἰς ἀγαθοῖο <span class="bibl">4.611</span>; οΐ σῆς ἐξ αἵματός εἰσι γενέθλης <span class="bibl">Il.19.111</span>; <b class="b3">τὸ αἷ. τινος</b> his <b class="b2">blood</b> or <b class="b2">origin</b>, <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">N.</span>11.34</span>; <b class="b3">αἷ. ἐμφύλιον</b> incestuous <b class="b2">kinship</b>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OT</span>1406</span>; τοὺς πρὸς αἵματος <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Aj.</span>1305</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Arist.<span class="title">Pol.</span>1262a11</span>; <b class="b3">μητρὸς τῆς ἐμῆς ἐν αἵματι</b> <b class="b2">akin</b> to her <b class="b2">by blood</b>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>606</span>, cf. <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Th.</span>141</span>; ἀφ' αἵματος ὑμετέρου <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OC</span>245</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> concrete, of a person, ὦ Διὸς . . αἷμα <span class="title">IG</span>14.1003.1, cf. 1389 ii4, etc.</span>
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|lstext='''αἷμα''': -ατος, τό, Ὅμ. [[ὅστις]] [[πολλάκις]] συνάπτει [[φόνος]] τε καὶ [[αἷμα]], κτλ., ψυχῆς ἄκρατον [[αἷμα]], Σοφ. Ἠλ. 786· ὡσαύτ. κατὰ πληθ. αἱμάτων εὐθνησίμων ἀπορρυέντων, Αἰσχύλ. Ἀγ. 1293, Σοφ. Ἀντ. 120, Εὐρ. Ἠλ. 1176, Ἄλκ. 496. 2) ἐπὶ παντὸς ὁμοιάζοντος πρὸς [[αἷμα]], [[αἷμα]] σταφυλῆς, Ἑβδ. (Σειρ. λθ΄, 26· (πρβλ. Ἀνθ. Π. παράρτ. 69. 3) [[μετὰ]] παραλλήλου σημασίας θάρρους, εὐψυχίας, οὐκ ἔχων [[αἷμα]] = [[ὠχρός]], [[ἄνευ]] ζωηρότητος, Αἰσχίν. 76. 28· πρβλ. Ἀριστ. περὶ ψυχ. 1. 2. 21: [[αἷμα]] φάσκουσί τινες τὴν ψυχήν. ΙΙ [[αἱματοχυσία]], [[φόνος]], Αἰσχύλ. Χο. 520, Σοφ. Ο. Τ. 101· πρβλ. Ἐλμσλ. Βάκχ. 139. ὅμαιμον [[αἷμα]] γίγνεται = συγγενοῦς [[φόνος]] τελεῖται, Αἰσχύλ. Ἱκ. 449· εἴργασται μητρῷον [[αἷμα]], Εὐρ. Ὀρ. 284· πρβλ. 406· [[αἷμα]] πράττειν, [[αὐτόθι]] 1139, ἔτι δὲ καὶ [[αἷμα]] κτανεῖν, ὡς ἐὰν τὸ [[αἷμα]] ἦτο [[σύστοιχος]] αἰτιατ., Σοφ. Ἀποσπ. 153: - ἐφ’ αἵματι φεύγειν, [[ἐξορία]] πρὸς ἀποφυγὴν δίκης ἐπὶ φόνῳ Δημ. 548, ἐν τέλ. [[ὅπερ]] ἐν Εὐρ. Ἱκ. 148 [[εἶναι]], [[αἷμα]] φεύγειν, ἴδε Μυλλ. Εὐμεν. § 50, κἑξ. - Ὁ πληθυντικὸς κεῖται ἐπὶ ταύτης τῆς σημασ. Παρ’ Αἰσχύλ. Ἀγ. 1302, Χο. 64. 650. - [[συχνάκις]] παρ’ Εὐρ., [[οὐδέποτε]] παρὰ Σοφ. - αἵματα σύγγονα = ἀδελφῶν πτώματα, Εὐρ. Φοίν. 1503· - ἡ [[φράσις]] τοῦ Σοφοκλ. ἐν Ἠλέκτρ. 1394, νεακόνητον [[αἷμα]] χειροῖν ἔχων, παρεπλάνησε τὸν Ἡσύχ. καὶ ἄλλους ἵνα δώσωσιν εἰς τὸ [[αἷμα]] καὶ τὴν σημασίαν τῆς μαχαίρας· ἀλλ’ ἴδε τὴν λέξιν [[νεακόνητος]]. ΙΙΙ ὡς τὸ Λατ. sanguis, = [[αἷμα]], ἐξ αἵματος [[συγγένεια]], αἷμά τε καὶ γένος, Ὀδ. Θ. 583· αἵματός εἰς ἀγαθοῖο, Δ. 611· οἳ σῆς ἐξ αἵματός εἰσι γενέθλης, Ἰλ. Τ. 111· τὸ αἷμά τινος, ἡ [[καταγωγή]] του, Λατ. stirps, Πινδ. Ν. 11. 44· αἷμ’ ἐμφύλιον, Σοφ. Ο. Τ. 1406· ὁ πρὸς αἵματος = συγγενὴς ἐκ τοῦ [[αὐτοῦ]] αἵματος ἢ φυλῆς, ὁ αὐτ. Αἴ. 1305· πρβλ. Ἀριστ. Πολ. 2. 3, 7· μητρὸς τῆς ἐμῆς ἐν αἵματι = συγγενὴς αὐτῆς ἐξ αἵματος, Αἰσχύλ. Εὐμ. 606· πρβλ. Θ. 141· ἀφ’ αἵματος, ἐκ τῆς φυλῆς, Σοφ. Ο. Κ. 245. 2) συγκεκρ. ἐπὶ προσώπου, ὦ [[Διός]] … [[αἷμα]], Ἐπιγράμμ. Ἑλλ. 831. 1· [[αἷμα]] σόν, [[αὐτόθι]] 722. 8· πρβλ. 1046, 4, καὶ ἀλλ. (ἡ [[ῥίζα]] τῆς λέξεως [[εἶναι]] [[ἀμφίβολος]]).
 
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Revision as of 11:23, 5 August 2017

Full diacritics: αἷμα Medium diacritics: αἷμα Low diacritics: αίμα Capitals: ΑΙΜΑ
Transliteration A: haîma Transliteration B: haima Transliteration C: aima Beta Code: ai(=ma

English (LSJ)

ατος, τό,

   A blood, Il. 1.303, etc.; φόνος αἵματος 16.162; ψυχῆς ἄκρατον αἷμα S.El.786: in pl., streams of blood, A.Ag.1293, S.Ant. 121, E.El.1172, Alc.496.    2 of anything like blood, Βακχίου Tim. Fr.7; αἷ. σταφυλῆς LXXSi.39.26, cf. App.Anth.3.166 (Procl.).    b dye obtained from ἄγχουσα, alkanet, PHolm.15.25, PLeid.X.99.3.    3 with collat. meaning of spirit, courage, οὐκ ἔχων αἷμα pale, spiritless Aeschin.3.160; τοὺς αἷμα φάσκοντας τὴν ψυχήν Arist.de An. 405b4.    II bloodshcd, murder, A.Ch.520, S.OT101; ὅμαιμον αἷ. a kinsman's murder, A.Supp.449; εἴργασται μητρῷον αἷ. E.Or. 285, cf. 406; αἶ. πράττειν ib.1139; αἷμα συγγενὲς κτείνας S.Fr.799.3; αἷμα τραγοκτόνον shedding of goat's blood, E.Ba.139; ἐφ' αἵματι φεύγειν to avoid trial for murder by going into exile, SIG58 (Milet., V B.C.), D.21.105; αἷμα συγγενὲς φεύγων E.Supp.148: pl. in this sense, A.Ch.66,650, freq. in E., never in S.; αἵματασύγγονα brothers' corpses, E.Ph.1502:—concrete, νεακόνητον αἷ. keen-edged death, i. e. a sword, S.El.1394 (expl. by μάχαιρα, Hsch.).    III blood relationship, kin, αἷ. τε καὶ γένος Od.8.583; αἵματός εἰς ἀγαθοῖο 4.611; οΐ σῆς ἐξ αἵματός εἰσι γενέθλης Il.19.111; τὸ αἷ. τινος his blood or origin, Pi.N.11.34; αἷ. ἐμφύλιον incestuous kinship, S.OT1406; τοὺς πρὸς αἵματος Id.Aj.1305, cf. Arist.Pol.1262a11; μητρὸς τῆς ἐμῆς ἐν αἵματι akin to her by blood, A.Eu.606, cf. Th.141; ἀφ' αἵματος ὑμετέρου S.OC245.    2 concrete, of a person, ὦ Διὸς . . αἷμα IG14.1003.1, cf. 1389 ii4, etc.

Greek (Liddell-Scott)

αἷμα: -ατος, τό, Ὅμ. ὅστις πολλάκις συνάπτει φόνος τε καὶ αἷμα, κτλ., ψυχῆς ἄκρατον αἷμα, Σοφ. Ἠλ. 786· ὡσαύτ. κατὰ πληθ. αἱμάτων εὐθνησίμων ἀπορρυέντων, Αἰσχύλ. Ἀγ. 1293, Σοφ. Ἀντ. 120, Εὐρ. Ἠλ. 1176, Ἄλκ. 496. 2) ἐπὶ παντὸς ὁμοιάζοντος πρὸς αἷμα, αἷμα σταφυλῆς, Ἑβδ. (Σειρ. λθ΄, 26· (πρβλ. Ἀνθ. Π. παράρτ. 69. 3) μετὰ παραλλήλου σημασίας θάρρους, εὐψυχίας, οὐκ ἔχων αἷμα = ὠχρός, ἄνευ ζωηρότητος, Αἰσχίν. 76. 28· πρβλ. Ἀριστ. περὶ ψυχ. 1. 2. 21: αἷμα φάσκουσί τινες τὴν ψυχήν. ΙΙ αἱματοχυσία, φόνος, Αἰσχύλ. Χο. 520, Σοφ. Ο. Τ. 101· πρβλ. Ἐλμσλ. Βάκχ. 139. ὅμαιμον αἷμα γίγνεται = συγγενοῦς φόνος τελεῖται, Αἰσχύλ. Ἱκ. 449· εἴργασται μητρῷον αἷμα, Εὐρ. Ὀρ. 284· πρβλ. 406· αἷμα πράττειν, αὐτόθι 1139, ἔτι δὲ καὶ αἷμα κτανεῖν, ὡς ἐὰν τὸ αἷμα ἦτο σύστοιχος αἰτιατ., Σοφ. Ἀποσπ. 153: - ἐφ’ αἵματι φεύγειν, ἐξορία πρὸς ἀποφυγὴν δίκης ἐπὶ φόνῳ Δημ. 548, ἐν τέλ. ὅπερ ἐν Εὐρ. Ἱκ. 148 εἶναι, αἷμα φεύγειν, ἴδε Μυλλ. Εὐμεν. § 50, κἑξ. - Ὁ πληθυντικὸς κεῖται ἐπὶ ταύτης τῆς σημασ. Παρ’ Αἰσχύλ. Ἀγ. 1302, Χο. 64. 650. - συχνάκις παρ’ Εὐρ., οὐδέποτε παρὰ Σοφ. - αἵματα σύγγονα = ἀδελφῶν πτώματα, Εὐρ. Φοίν. 1503· - ἡ φράσις τοῦ Σοφοκλ. ἐν Ἠλέκτρ. 1394, νεακόνητον αἷμα χειροῖν ἔχων, παρεπλάνησε τὸν Ἡσύχ. καὶ ἄλλους ἵνα δώσωσιν εἰς τὸ αἷμα καὶ τὴν σημασίαν τῆς μαχαίρας· ἀλλ’ ἴδε τὴν λέξιν νεακόνητος. ΙΙΙ ὡς τὸ Λατ. sanguis, = αἷμα, ἐξ αἵματος συγγένεια, αἷμά τε καὶ γένος, Ὀδ. Θ. 583· αἵματός εἰς ἀγαθοῖο, Δ. 611· οἳ σῆς ἐξ αἵματός εἰσι γενέθλης, Ἰλ. Τ. 111· τὸ αἷμά τινος, ἡ καταγωγή του, Λατ. stirps, Πινδ. Ν. 11. 44· αἷμ’ ἐμφύλιον, Σοφ. Ο. Τ. 1406· ὁ πρὸς αἵματος = συγγενὴς ἐκ τοῦ αὐτοῦ αἵματος ἢ φυλῆς, ὁ αὐτ. Αἴ. 1305· πρβλ. Ἀριστ. Πολ. 2. 3, 7· μητρὸς τῆς ἐμῆς ἐν αἵματι = συγγενὴς αὐτῆς ἐξ αἵματος, Αἰσχύλ. Εὐμ. 606· πρβλ. Θ. 141· ἀφ’ αἵματος, ἐκ τῆς φυλῆς, Σοφ. Ο. Κ. 245. 2) συγκεκρ. ἐπὶ προσώπου, ὦ Διόςαἷμα, Ἐπιγράμμ. Ἑλλ. 831. 1· αἷμα σόν, αὐτόθι 722. 8· πρβλ. 1046, 4, καὶ ἀλλ. (ἡ ῥίζα τῆς λέξεως εἶναι ἀμφίβολος).