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Difference between revisions of "κρατερός"

κόσμος σκηνή, ὁ βίος πάροδος· ἦλθες, εἶδες, ἀπῆλθες -> The world is a stage, life is a performance, you came, you saw, you departed
Democritus, fr. 115 D-K
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|Beta Code=kratero/s
 
|Beta Code=kratero/s
 
|Definition=ά, όν, Ep. form of <b class="b3">καρτερός</b>, <span class="sense"><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> <b class="b2">strong, stout, mighty</b>, in Hom. mostly of bodily strength, κρατερός περ ἐὼν καὶ χερσὶ πεποιθώς <span class="bibl">Il.16.624</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">6.97</span>, <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">I.</span>5(4).31</span>, etc.; epith. of Ares, <span class="bibl">Il.2.515</span>; of lions, <span class="bibl">Od.4.335</span>; <b class="b3">χεῖρες</b> ib.<span class="bibl">288</span>, <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">P.</span>11.18</span>: with collat. notion of <b class="b2">stern, harsh</b>, of Hades, <span class="bibl">Il.13.415</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">21.566</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> of things, conditions, etc., <b class="b2">mighty, fierce</b>, κ. ὑσμίνας <span class="bibl">2.345</span>; ἀνάγκη <span class="bibl">6.458</span>; κρατερῆφι βίηφιν <span class="bibl">21.501</span>; σθένος <span class="bibl">B.17.40</span>; πάλα <span class="bibl">Id.10.20</span>; <b class="b3">βέλος, τόξον</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.5.104</span>, <span class="bibl">8.279</span>; βιός <span class="bibl">Od.24.170</span>; <b class="b3">δεσμός, δεσμοί</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.5.386</span>, <span class="bibl">Od.8.336</span>; <b class="b2">hard</b>, χῶρος <span class="bibl"><span class="title">h.Merc.</span>354</span>; σίδηρος ὅπερ κρατερώτατός ἐστιν <span class="bibl">Hes.<span class="title">Th.</span>864</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">3</span> of passions, etc., <b class="b2">strong, vehement</b>, λύσσα <span class="bibl">Il.9.239</span>; ἔρις <span class="bibl">13.358</span>; μένος <span class="bibl">7.38</span>; πένθος <span class="bibl">11.249</span>; ἄλγεα <span class="bibl">Od.15.232</span>: of acts and words, κ. ἀμφίβασις <span class="bibl">Il.5.623</span>; <b class="b3">κ. μῦθος</b> a <b class="b2">harsh, rough</b> speech, <span class="bibl">1.25</span>; μῦθον ἀπηνέα τε κ. τε <span class="bibl">15.202</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> Adv. -<b class="b3">ρῶς</b> <b class="b2">strongly, stoutly</b>, μάχεσθαι <span class="bibl">12.152</span>; ἑστάμεναι <span class="bibl">15.666</span>; ἔχεσθαι <span class="bibl">16.501</span>, <span class="bibl">17.559</span>; νεμεσᾶν <span class="bibl">13.16</span>; <b class="b3">κὰδ δ' ἔβαλε κ</b>. dashed <b class="b2">roughly</b> to earth, <span class="bibl">Od.4.344</span>; <b class="b3">κ. ἀγόρευσεν, ἀπέειπεν</b>, <b class="b2">sternly</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.8.29</span>, <span class="bibl">9.431</span>; in Prose, Anon ap.Stob.4.31.34.—Once in Trag., κ. γυιοπέδαι <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Pr.</span>168</span> (anap.); elsewh. <b class="b3">καρτερός</b>. (κορτερά· <b class="b3">κρατερά, ἰσχυρά</b>, Hsch., is prob. Aeol.) </span>
 
|Definition=ά, όν, Ep. form of <b class="b3">καρτερός</b>, <span class="sense"><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> <b class="b2">strong, stout, mighty</b>, in Hom. mostly of bodily strength, κρατερός περ ἐὼν καὶ χερσὶ πεποιθώς <span class="bibl">Il.16.624</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">6.97</span>, <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">I.</span>5(4).31</span>, etc.; epith. of Ares, <span class="bibl">Il.2.515</span>; of lions, <span class="bibl">Od.4.335</span>; <b class="b3">χεῖρες</b> ib.<span class="bibl">288</span>, <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">P.</span>11.18</span>: with collat. notion of <b class="b2">stern, harsh</b>, of Hades, <span class="bibl">Il.13.415</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">21.566</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> of things, conditions, etc., <b class="b2">mighty, fierce</b>, κ. ὑσμίνας <span class="bibl">2.345</span>; ἀνάγκη <span class="bibl">6.458</span>; κρατερῆφι βίηφιν <span class="bibl">21.501</span>; σθένος <span class="bibl">B.17.40</span>; πάλα <span class="bibl">Id.10.20</span>; <b class="b3">βέλος, τόξον</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.5.104</span>, <span class="bibl">8.279</span>; βιός <span class="bibl">Od.24.170</span>; <b class="b3">δεσμός, δεσμοί</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.5.386</span>, <span class="bibl">Od.8.336</span>; <b class="b2">hard</b>, χῶρος <span class="bibl"><span class="title">h.Merc.</span>354</span>; σίδηρος ὅπερ κρατερώτατός ἐστιν <span class="bibl">Hes.<span class="title">Th.</span>864</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">3</span> of passions, etc., <b class="b2">strong, vehement</b>, λύσσα <span class="bibl">Il.9.239</span>; ἔρις <span class="bibl">13.358</span>; μένος <span class="bibl">7.38</span>; πένθος <span class="bibl">11.249</span>; ἄλγεα <span class="bibl">Od.15.232</span>: of acts and words, κ. ἀμφίβασις <span class="bibl">Il.5.623</span>; <b class="b3">κ. μῦθος</b> a <b class="b2">harsh, rough</b> speech, <span class="bibl">1.25</span>; μῦθον ἀπηνέα τε κ. τε <span class="bibl">15.202</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> Adv. -<b class="b3">ρῶς</b> <b class="b2">strongly, stoutly</b>, μάχεσθαι <span class="bibl">12.152</span>; ἑστάμεναι <span class="bibl">15.666</span>; ἔχεσθαι <span class="bibl">16.501</span>, <span class="bibl">17.559</span>; νεμεσᾶν <span class="bibl">13.16</span>; <b class="b3">κὰδ δ' ἔβαλε κ</b>. dashed <b class="b2">roughly</b> to earth, <span class="bibl">Od.4.344</span>; <b class="b3">κ. ἀγόρευσεν, ἀπέειπεν</b>, <b class="b2">sternly</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.8.29</span>, <span class="bibl">9.431</span>; in Prose, Anon ap.Stob.4.31.34.—Once in Trag., κ. γυιοπέδαι <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Pr.</span>168</span> (anap.); elsewh. <b class="b3">καρτερός</b>. (κορτερά· <b class="b3">κρατερά, ἰσχυρά</b>, Hsch., is prob. Aeol.) </span>
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|lstext='''κρατερός''': -ά, -όν, Ἐπικ. [[τύπος]] τοῦ [[καρτερός]], [[ἰσχυρός]], [[δυνατός]], παρ’ Ὁμ. ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολὺ ἐπὶ σωματικῆς ἰσχύος, [[κρατερός]] περ ἐὼν καὶ χερσὶ πεποιθὼς Ἰλ. Π. 624, πρβλ. Ζ. 97, κτλ.· ἐπίθ. τοῦ Ἄρεως, Β, 515· τῶν λεόντων, Ὀδ. Δ. 335· χεῖρες Δ. 288, Πίνδ., κτλ.· ― [[ὡσαύτως]] [[μετὰ]] τῆς συγγενοῦς ἐννοίας τοῦ τραχέος, αὐστηροῦ, ἐπὶ τοῦ Ἅιδου, Ἰλ. Ν. 415, πρβλ. Φ. 566. 2) ἐπὶ πραγμάτων, καταστάσεων κτλ., [[ἰσχυρός]], [[δυνατός]], [[σκληρός]], [[ἄγριος]], πεισματώδης, κρ. [[ὑσμίνη]] Ἰλ. Β. 345· [[ἀνάγκη]] Ζ. 458· βίη Φ. 501, κτλ.· ― ἐπὶ ὅπλων, [[βέλος]], [[τόξον]] Ε. 104., Θ. 279· βιὸς Ὀδ. Ω. 170· οὕτω [[δεσμός]], δεσμοὶ Ἰλ. Ε. 386, Ὀδ. Θ. 336· ― [[ὡσαύτως]], [[τραχύς]], [[σκληρός]], [[χῶρος]] Ὁμ. Ὕμν. εἰς Ἑρμ. 354· [[σίδηρος]] [[ὅπερ]] κρατερώτατός ἐστιν Ἡσ. Θ. 864. 3) ἐπὶ διαφόρων παθῶν, [[ἰσχυρός]], [[ὁρμητικός]], [[δυνατός]], [[λύσσα]], [[ἔρις]], [[μένος]], [[πένθος]], ἄλγεα, κτλ., Ὅμ.· ― [[οὕτως]] ἐπὶ πράξεων καὶ λόγων, κρ. ἔργα, βίαιαι πράξεις, Ἰλ. Α. 25· κρ. [[μῦθος]], [[τραχύς]], βαρὺς [[λόγος]], [[αὐτόθι]] 326, κτλ.· μῦθον ἀπηνέα τε κρ. τε Ο. 202. ― Πρβλ. [[καρτερός]], [[κραταιός]], [[κρατύς]]. ΙΙ. Ἐπίρρ. -ρῶς, ἰσχυρῶς, κρ. μάχεσθαι Ἰλ. Μ. 152· ἑστάμεναι Λ. 666. ἔχεσθαι Μ. 501, κτλ.· νεμεσᾶν Ν. 16, 353· κὰδ δὲ ἔβαλε κρ., ἔρριψεν ἰσχυρῶς κατὰ γῆς, Ὀδ. Δ. 344· κρ. ἀγορεύειν καὶ [[ἀποειπεῖν]] [[μετὰ]] τραχύτητος, αὐστηρῶς, Ἰλ. Θ. 29., Ι. 694, κτλ.- Ἐκ τῶν τραγικῶν ὁ Αἰσχύλ. ἐχρήσατο τῷ τύπῳ τούτῳ [[ἅπαξ]], κρ. γυιοπέδαι Πρ. 167· ἐνῷ τὸ κρατερὸς ἦν ἐν καθολικῇ χρήσει.
 
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Revision as of 11:01, 5 August 2017

Full diacritics: κρᾰτερός Medium diacritics: κρατερός Low diacritics: κρατερός Capitals: ΚΡΑΤΕΡΟΣ
Transliteration A: kraterós Transliteration B: krateros Transliteration C: krateros Beta Code: kratero/s

English (LSJ)

ά, όν, Ep. form of καρτερός,

   A strong, stout, mighty, in Hom. mostly of bodily strength, κρατερός περ ἐὼν καὶ χερσὶ πεποιθώς Il.16.624, cf. 6.97, Pi.I.5(4).31, etc.; epith. of Ares, Il.2.515; of lions, Od.4.335; χεῖρες ib.288, Pi.P.11.18: with collat. notion of stern, harsh, of Hades, Il.13.415, cf. 21.566.    2 of things, conditions, etc., mighty, fierce, κ. ὑσμίνας 2.345; ἀνάγκη 6.458; κρατερῆφι βίηφιν 21.501; σθένος B.17.40; πάλα Id.10.20; βέλος, τόξον, Il.5.104, 8.279; βιός Od.24.170; δεσμός, δεσμοί, Il.5.386, Od.8.336; hard, χῶρος h.Merc.354; σίδηρος ὅπερ κρατερώτατός ἐστιν Hes.Th.864.    3 of passions, etc., strong, vehement, λύσσα Il.9.239; ἔρις 13.358; μένος 7.38; πένθος 11.249; ἄλγεα Od.15.232: of acts and words, κ. ἀμφίβασις Il.5.623; κ. μῦθος a harsh, rough speech, 1.25; μῦθον ἀπηνέα τε κ. τε 15.202.    II Adv. -ρῶς strongly, stoutly, μάχεσθαι 12.152; ἑστάμεναι 15.666; ἔχεσθαι 16.501, 17.559; νεμεσᾶν 13.16; κὰδ δ' ἔβαλε κ. dashed roughly to earth, Od.4.344; κ. ἀγόρευσεν, ἀπέειπεν, sternly, Il.8.29, 9.431; in Prose, Anon ap.Stob.4.31.34.—Once in Trag., κ. γυιοπέδαι A.Pr.168 (anap.); elsewh. καρτερός. (κορτερά· κρατερά, ἰσχυρά, Hsch., is prob. Aeol.)

Greek (Liddell-Scott)

κρατερός: -ά, -όν, Ἐπικ. τύπος τοῦ καρτερός, ἰσχυρός, δυνατός, παρ’ Ὁμ. ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολὺ ἐπὶ σωματικῆς ἰσχύος, κρατερός περ ἐὼν καὶ χερσὶ πεποιθὼς Ἰλ. Π. 624, πρβλ. Ζ. 97, κτλ.· ἐπίθ. τοῦ Ἄρεως, Β, 515· τῶν λεόντων, Ὀδ. Δ. 335· χεῖρες Δ. 288, Πίνδ., κτλ.· ― ὡσαύτως μετὰ τῆς συγγενοῦς ἐννοίας τοῦ τραχέος, αὐστηροῦ, ἐπὶ τοῦ Ἅιδου, Ἰλ. Ν. 415, πρβλ. Φ. 566. 2) ἐπὶ πραγμάτων, καταστάσεων κτλ., ἰσχυρός, δυνατός, σκληρός, ἄγριος, πεισματώδης, κρ. ὑσμίνη Ἰλ. Β. 345· ἀνάγκη Ζ. 458· βίη Φ. 501, κτλ.· ― ἐπὶ ὅπλων, βέλος, τόξον Ε. 104., Θ. 279· βιὸς Ὀδ. Ω. 170· οὕτω δεσμός, δεσμοὶ Ἰλ. Ε. 386, Ὀδ. Θ. 336· ― ὡσαύτως, τραχύς, σκληρός, χῶρος Ὁμ. Ὕμν. εἰς Ἑρμ. 354· σίδηρος ὅπερ κρατερώτατός ἐστιν Ἡσ. Θ. 864. 3) ἐπὶ διαφόρων παθῶν, ἰσχυρός, ὁρμητικός, δυνατός, λύσσα, ἔρις, μένος, πένθος, ἄλγεα, κτλ., Ὅμ.· ― οὕτως ἐπὶ πράξεων καὶ λόγων, κρ. ἔργα, βίαιαι πράξεις, Ἰλ. Α. 25· κρ. μῦθος, τραχύς, βαρὺς λόγος, αὐτόθι 326, κτλ.· μῦθον ἀπηνέα τε κρ. τε Ο. 202. ― Πρβλ. καρτερός, κραταιός, κρατύς. ΙΙ. Ἐπίρρ. -ρῶς, ἰσχυρῶς, κρ. μάχεσθαι Ἰλ. Μ. 152· ἑστάμεναι Λ. 666. ἔχεσθαι Μ. 501, κτλ.· νεμεσᾶν Ν. 16, 353· κὰδ δὲ ἔβαλε κρ., ἔρριψεν ἰσχυρῶς κατὰ γῆς, Ὀδ. Δ. 344· κρ. ἀγορεύειν καὶ ἀποειπεῖν μετὰ τραχύτητος, αὐστηρῶς, Ἰλ. Θ. 29., Ι. 694, κτλ.- Ἐκ τῶν τραγικῶν ὁ Αἰσχύλ. ἐχρήσατο τῷ τύπῳ τούτῳ ἅπαξ, κρ. γυιοπέδαι Πρ. 167· ἐνῷ τὸ κρατερὸς ἦν ἐν καθολικῇ χρήσει.