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Difference between revisions of "μηδείς"

Ἢ τὰν ἢ ἐπὶ τᾶς -> Either with this or on this | Come back victorious or dead
Plutarch, Moralia 241
(8)
 
m (Text replacement - "cf. <b class="b3">([^\s-\.]*?[αΑάΆΒβΓγΔδεΕέΈΖζηΗήΉΘθιΙίΊϊΪΐΚκΛλΜμΝνΞξοΟςόΌΠπΡρΣσΤτυΥυύΎϋΫΰΦφΧχΨψωΩώΏ]+?[^\s-\.]*?)<\/b>" to "cf. $1")
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|Transliteration C=mideis
 
|Transliteration C=mideis
 
|Beta Code=mhdei/s
 
|Beta Code=mhdei/s
|Definition=<b class="b3">μηδεμίᾰ, μηδέν</b> (i.e. <b class="b3">μηδὲ εἷς, μηδὲ μία, μηδὲ ἕν</b>): fem. <b class="b3">μηδὲ ἴα</b> or <b class="b3">μηδεΐα</b> (or -<b class="b3">έϊα</b>) <span class="title">IG</span>12(2).6.12 (Mytil.):—<span class="sense"><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> <b class="b2">not one, not even one, nobody</b> (in neut. <b class="b2">nothing</b>), once in Hom. (who elsewh. uses <b class="b3">μή τις</b>, v. [[μήτις]]), ἀναίνετο μηδὲν ἑλέσθαι <span class="bibl">Il.18.500</span>; μή πως . . μηδὲν ἀνύσσῃς <span class="bibl">Hes.<span class="title">Op.</span>395</span>; μηδὲν ἄγαν <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">Fr.</span>216</span>, etc.: rare in pl. (<b class="b3">μηδαμοί</b> being used in Ion.), μηδένες ἄλλοι <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">HG</span>5.4.20</span>; μηδένας <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Euthd.</span>303c</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> <b class="b3">μηδὲ εἷς</b> (so written) is found in Att. Inscrr., as <span class="title">IG</span>12.114.41, 22.487.9 (<b class="b3">μηδ'</b> hενί ib.12.73.6), but is used esp. in an emphatic sense, <b class="b2">not even one</b>, μηδὲ ἕν <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Pl.</span>37</span>: freq. with an intervening Particle or Prep., μηδ' ἂν ἕνα <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Cra.</span>414d</span>; μηδ' ἐν ἑνὶ χρόνῳ <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Prm.</span>156c</span>; μηδ' ἐξ ἑνός <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Phdr.</span>245d</span>; μηδ' ἐφ' ἑνί <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">R.</span>553d</span>; μηδὲ περὶ ἑνός <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Tht.</span>171c</span>; <b class="b3">μηδ' ὑφ' ἑνός, μηδ' ὑπὸ μιᾶς</b>, <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Smp.</span>222d</span>, <span class="title">Alc.</span>1.122a; μηδὲ ὑφ' ἑνός <span class="title">IG</span>12.32.8. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> <b class="b2">nobody, naught, good for naught</b>, κἄμ' ἴσον τῷ μ. <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OC</span>918</span>: pl., οὐ γὰρ ἠξίου τοὺς μηδένας <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Aj.</span>1114</span>; <b class="b3">μηδέν</b> or <b class="b3">τὸ μηδέν</b> as Subst., <b class="b2">naught, nothing</b>, κεἰ τὸ μ. ἐξερῶ <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Ant.</span>234</span>; <b class="b3">μ. λέγειν</b> to say <b class="b2">what is naught</b>, <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">Cyr.</span>8.3.20</span>, etc.; ἡ ἡμετέρη εὐδαιμονίη . . ἀπέρριπται ἐς τὸ μ. <span class="bibl">Hdt.1.32</span>; τοῦ μηδενὸς ἀξίη <span class="bibl">Id.6.137</span>; ἐπὶ μηδὲν ἔρχεσθαι <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">El.</span>1000</span>; ἐς τὸ μ. ἥκειν <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Hec.</span>622</span>; of persons, <b class="b3">τὸ μ</b>. <b class="b2">a good-for-nothing</b>, <b class="b3">τὸ μ. εἶναι</b>, of a eunuch, <span class="bibl">Hdt.8.106</span>; τοιγὰρ σὺ δέξαι μ' ἐς τὸ σὸν στέγος, τὴν μηδὲν ἐς τὸ μ. <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">El.</span>1166</span>; κἂν τὸ μ. ὦ <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Tr.</span>1107</span>; τὸ μ. ὄντας <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Aj.</span>1275</span>; <b class="b3">ὁ μ. ὤν</b> ib.<span class="bibl">767</span>; <b class="b3">ὅτ' οὐδὲν ὢν τοῦ μηδὲν ἀντέστης ὕπερ</b> ib.<span class="bibl">1231</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">1094</span>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Hec.</span>843</span>, etc.; <b class="b3">ἧττον αὐτοῖς ἔνι ἢ τὸ μ</b>., i.e. it is a mere impossibility, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Tht.</span>180a</span>; also <b class="b3">μ. εἶναι</b> without the Art., <span class="bibl">Luc.<span class="title">Rh.Pr.</span>2</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">III</span> neut. <b class="b3">μηδέν</b> as Adv., <b class="b2">not at all, by no means</b>, μηδὲν ἐγκέλευ' ἄγαν <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Pr.</span>72</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">344</span>; μ. διαφέρειν πλὴν ὀνόματι <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Plt.</span>280a</span>, etc.: with an Adv., μ. αἰνικτηρίως <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Pr.</span> 949</span>: freq. with Comp., <b class="b3">μ. μᾶλλον, ἧσσον</b>, etc., <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Aj.</span>280</span>, <span class="bibl">1329</span>, etc.— When other negatives, also derived from <b class="b3">μή</b>, are used with it, they do not destroy, but strengthen the negation, <b class="b3">μηδέποτε μηδὲν αἰσχρὸν ποιήσας ἔλπιζε λήσειν</b> <b class="b2">never</b> hope to escape, when you have done <b class="b2">anything</b> base. <span class="bibl">Isoc.1.16</span>; cf. <b class="b3">μηθείς</b>.</span>
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|Definition=<b class="b3">μηδεμίᾰ, μηδέν</b> (i.e. <b class="b3">μηδὲ εἷς, μηδὲ μία, μηδὲ ἕν</b>): fem. <b class="b3">μηδὲ ἴα</b> or <b class="b3">μηδεΐα</b> (or -<b class="b3">έϊα</b>) <span class="title">IG</span>12(2).6.12 (Mytil.):—<span class="sense"><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> <b class="b2">not one, not even one, nobody</b> (in neut. <b class="b2">nothing</b>), once in Hom. (who elsewh. uses <b class="b3">μή τις</b>, v. [[μήτις]]), ἀναίνετο μηδὲν ἑλέσθαι <span class="bibl">Il.18.500</span>; μή πως . . μηδὲν ἀνύσσῃς <span class="bibl">Hes.<span class="title">Op.</span>395</span>; μηδὲν ἄγαν <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">Fr.</span>216</span>, etc.: rare in pl. (<b class="b3">μηδαμοί</b> being used in Ion.), μηδένες ἄλλοι <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">HG</span>5.4.20</span>; μηδένας <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Euthd.</span>303c</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> <b class="b3">μηδὲ εἷς</b> (so written) is found in Att. Inscrr., as <span class="title">IG</span>12.114.41, 22.487.9 (<b class="b3">μηδ'</b> hενί ib.12.73.6), but is used esp. in an emphatic sense, <b class="b2">not even one</b>, μηδὲ ἕν <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Pl.</span>37</span>: freq. with an intervening Particle or Prep., μηδ' ἂν ἕνα <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Cra.</span>414d</span>; μηδ' ἐν ἑνὶ χρόνῳ <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Prm.</span>156c</span>; μηδ' ἐξ ἑνός <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Phdr.</span>245d</span>; μηδ' ἐφ' ἑνί <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">R.</span>553d</span>; μηδὲ περὶ ἑνός <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Tht.</span>171c</span>; <b class="b3">μηδ' ὑφ' ἑνός, μηδ' ὑπὸ μιᾶς</b>, <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Smp.</span>222d</span>, <span class="title">Alc.</span>1.122a; μηδὲ ὑφ' ἑνός <span class="title">IG</span>12.32.8. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> <b class="b2">nobody, naught, good for naught</b>, κἄμ' ἴσον τῷ μ. <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OC</span>918</span>: pl., οὐ γὰρ ἠξίου τοὺς μηδένας <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Aj.</span>1114</span>; <b class="b3">μηδέν</b> or <b class="b3">τὸ μηδέν</b> as Subst., <b class="b2">naught, nothing</b>, κεἰ τὸ μ. ἐξερῶ <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Ant.</span>234</span>; <b class="b3">μ. λέγειν</b> to say <b class="b2">what is naught</b>, <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">Cyr.</span>8.3.20</span>, etc.; ἡ ἡμετέρη εὐδαιμονίη . . ἀπέρριπται ἐς τὸ μ. <span class="bibl">Hdt.1.32</span>; τοῦ μηδενὸς ἀξίη <span class="bibl">Id.6.137</span>; ἐπὶ μηδὲν ἔρχεσθαι <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">El.</span>1000</span>; ἐς τὸ μ. ἥκειν <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Hec.</span>622</span>; of persons, <b class="b3">τὸ μ</b>. <b class="b2">a good-for-nothing</b>, <b class="b3">τὸ μ. εἶναι</b>, of a eunuch, <span class="bibl">Hdt.8.106</span>; τοιγὰρ σὺ δέξαι μ' ἐς τὸ σὸν στέγος, τὴν μηδὲν ἐς τὸ μ. <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">El.</span>1166</span>; κἂν τὸ μ. ὦ <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Tr.</span>1107</span>; τὸ μ. ὄντας <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Aj.</span>1275</span>; <b class="b3">ὁ μ. ὤν</b> ib.<span class="bibl">767</span>; <b class="b3">ὅτ' οὐδὲν ὢν τοῦ μηδὲν ἀντέστης ὕπερ</b> ib.<span class="bibl">1231</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">1094</span>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Hec.</span>843</span>, etc.; <b class="b3">ἧττον αὐτοῖς ἔνι ἢ τὸ μ</b>., i.e. it is a mere impossibility, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Tht.</span>180a</span>; also <b class="b3">μ. εἶναι</b> without the Art., <span class="bibl">Luc.<span class="title">Rh.Pr.</span>2</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">III</span> neut. <b class="b3">μηδέν</b> as Adv., <b class="b2">not at all, by no means</b>, μηδὲν ἐγκέλευ' ἄγαν <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Pr.</span>72</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">344</span>; μ. διαφέρειν πλὴν ὀνόματι <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Plt.</span>280a</span>, etc.: with an Adv., μ. αἰνικτηρίως <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Pr.</span> 949</span>: freq. with Comp., <b class="b3">μ. μᾶλλον, ἧσσον</b>, etc., <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Aj.</span>280</span>, <span class="bibl">1329</span>, etc.— When other negatives, also derived from <b class="b3">μή</b>, are used with it, they do not destroy, but strengthen the negation, <b class="b3">μηδέποτε μηδὲν αἰσχρὸν ποιήσας ἔλπιζε λήσειν</b> <b class="b2">never</b> hope to escape, when you have done <b class="b2">anything</b> base. <span class="bibl">Isoc.1.16</span>; cf. [[μηθείς]].</span>
 
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Revision as of 11:30, 7 January 2017

Full diacritics: μηδείς Medium diacritics: μηδείς Low diacritics: μηδείς Capitals: ΜΗΔΕΙΣ
Transliteration A: mēdeís Transliteration B: mēdeis Transliteration C: mideis Beta Code: mhdei/s

English (LSJ)

μηδεμίᾰ, μηδέν (i.e. μηδὲ εἷς, μηδὲ μία, μηδὲ ἕν): fem. μηδὲ ἴα or μηδεΐα (or -έϊα) IG12(2).6.12 (Mytil.):—

   A not one, not even one, nobody (in neut. nothing), once in Hom. (who elsewh. uses μή τις, v. μήτις), ἀναίνετο μηδὲν ἑλέσθαι Il.18.500; μή πως . . μηδὲν ἀνύσσῃς Hes.Op.395; μηδὲν ἄγαν Pi.Fr.216, etc.: rare in pl. (μηδαμοί being used in Ion.), μηδένες ἄλλοι X.HG5.4.20; μηδένας Pl.Euthd.303c.    2 μηδὲ εἷς (so written) is found in Att. Inscrr., as IG12.114.41, 22.487.9 (μηδ' hενί ib.12.73.6), but is used esp. in an emphatic sense, not even one, μηδὲ ἕν Ar.Pl.37: freq. with an intervening Particle or Prep., μηδ' ἂν ἕνα Pl.Cra.414d; μηδ' ἐν ἑνὶ χρόνῳ Id.Prm.156c; μηδ' ἐξ ἑνός Id.Phdr.245d; μηδ' ἐφ' ἑνί Id.R.553d; μηδὲ περὶ ἑνός Id.Tht.171c; μηδ' ὑφ' ἑνός, μηδ' ὑπὸ μιᾶς, Id.Smp.222d, Alc.1.122a; μηδὲ ὑφ' ἑνός IG12.32.8.    II nobody, naught, good for naught, κἄμ' ἴσον τῷ μ. S.OC918: pl., οὐ γὰρ ἠξίου τοὺς μηδένας Id.Aj.1114; μηδέν or τὸ μηδέν as Subst., naught, nothing, κεἰ τὸ μ. ἐξερῶ Id.Ant.234; μ. λέγειν to say what is naught, X.Cyr.8.3.20, etc.; ἡ ἡμετέρη εὐδαιμονίη . . ἀπέρριπται ἐς τὸ μ. Hdt.1.32; τοῦ μηδενὸς ἀξίη Id.6.137; ἐπὶ μηδὲν ἔρχεσθαι S.El.1000; ἐς τὸ μ. ἥκειν E.Hec.622; of persons, τὸ μ. a good-for-nothing, τὸ μ. εἶναι, of a eunuch, Hdt.8.106; τοιγὰρ σὺ δέξαι μ' ἐς τὸ σὸν στέγος, τὴν μηδὲν ἐς τὸ μ. S.El.1166; κἂν τὸ μ. ὦ Id.Tr.1107; τὸ μ. ὄντας Id.Aj.1275; ὁ μ. ὤν ib.767; ὅτ' οὐδὲν ὢν τοῦ μηδὲν ἀντέστης ὕπερ ib.1231, cf. 1094, E.Hec.843, etc.; ἧττον αὐτοῖς ἔνι ἢ τὸ μ., i.e. it is a mere impossibility, Pl.Tht.180a; also μ. εἶναι without the Art., Luc.Rh.Pr.2.    III neut. μηδέν as Adv., not at all, by no means, μηδὲν ἐγκέλευ' ἄγαν A.Pr.72, cf. 344; μ. διαφέρειν πλὴν ὀνόματι Pl.Plt.280a, etc.: with an Adv., μ. αἰνικτηρίως A.Pr. 949: freq. with Comp., μ. μᾶλλον, ἧσσον, etc., S.Aj.280, 1329, etc.— When other negatives, also derived from μή, are used with it, they do not destroy, but strengthen the negation, μηδέποτε μηδὲν αἰσχρὸν ποιήσας ἔλπιζε λήσειν never hope to escape, when you have done anything base. Isoc.1.16; cf. μηθείς.