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Difference between revisions of "πείθω"

Μολὼν λαβέ -> Come and take them
Plutarch, Apophthegmata Laconica 225C12
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|Definition=<span class="sense"><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> <b class="b2">persuade</b>, impf. ἔπειθον <span class="bibl">Il.22.91</span>, etc.; Ep. and Lyr. πεῖθον <span class="bibl">16.842</span>, <span class="bibl">B.8.16</span> : fut. πείσω <span class="bibl">Il.9.345</span>, etc.; Ep. inf. πεισέμεν <span class="bibl">5.252</span> : aor. 1 ἔπεισα <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">O.</span>2.80</span>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>84</span>, <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Pl.</span>304</span>, etc. (Hom. has only opt. πείσειε <span class="bibl">Od.14.123</span>); Aeol. part. πείσαις <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">O.</span>3.16</span> : aor. 2 ἔπῐθον <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">P.</span>3.65</span> (poet. <b class="b3">πίθον</b>), Corinn.<span class="title">Supp.</span>2.58 (poet. dual <b class="b3">πιθέταν</b>), <span class="bibl">A. <span class="title">Supp.</span>941</span>, <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Pl.</span>949</span>, <span class="bibl">Theoc.22.64</span>, used by Hom. only in Ep. redupl. forms πεπίθωμεν <span class="bibl">Il.9.112</span>, πεπίθοιμι <span class="bibl">23.40</span>, <span class="bibl">A.R.3.14</span>, πεπῐθεῖν <span class="bibl">Il.9.184</span>, <span class="bibl">A.R.3.536</span>, πεπῐθών <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">I.</span>4(3).72</span> (v. infr.), πεπιθοῦσα <span class="bibl">Il.15.26</span> (ind. not in Il. or Od., πέπιθον <span class="bibl">A.R.1.964</span>, πέπιθε <span class="bibl"><span class="title">h.Ap.</span>275</span>): pf. πέπεικα <span class="bibl">Lys. 26.7</span>, <span class="bibl">Is.8.24</span>, <span class="bibl">Isoc.14.15</span> :—Med. and Pass. πείθομαι, <b class="b2">obey</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.1.79</span>, etc. : fut. <b class="b3">πείσομαι</b> ib.<span class="bibl">289</span>, etc.: aor. 2 <b class="b3">ἐπῐθόμην</b>, Ep. πιθόμην <span class="bibl">5.201</span>, ἐπίθετο <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Nu.</span>73</span>, ἐπίθοντο <span class="bibl">Il.3.260</span>, <span class="title">IG</span>22.29.14, redupl. πεπίθοντο <span class="bibl">Orph.<span class="title">Fr.</span>135</span> ; imper. πίθεο <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">P.</span>1.59</span>, πιθοῦ <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ant.</span>992</span>, pl. πίθεσθε <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>794</span> ; subj. πίθωμαι <span class="bibl">Il.18.273</span>, etc.; opt. πιθοίμην <span class="bibl">4.93</span>, etc. (redupl. πεπίθοιτο <span class="bibl">10.204</span>); inf. πιθέσθαι <span class="bibl">7.293</span>, etc. (πεπιθέσθαι <span class="title">AP</span>14.75); part. πιθόμενος <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ph.</span>1226</span> : aor. 1 Med. ἐπεισάμην <span class="title">IG</span>12(5).720.5 (Andros, ii B. C.), Aristid.1.391 J., Sopat. in <span class="bibl">Rh.8.150</span> W.: fut. Pass. πεισθήσομαι <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ph.</span>624</span>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Sph.</span>248e</span>, etc.: aor. 1 ἐπείσθην <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>593</span>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OT</span>526</span>, <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Nu.</span>866</span>, <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">An.</span>7.7.29</span> : pf. πέπεισμαι <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Pers.</span>697</span>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">El.</span> 578</span>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Prt.</span>328e</span>; Thess. pf. inf. πεπεῖστειν <span class="title">IG</span>9(2).517.16 (Larissa, iii B. C.). </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> intr. tenses of Act., in pass. sense, pf. 2 πέποιθα <span class="bibl">Il.4.325</span>, etc. (not freq. in Prose); imper. πέπεισθι <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>599</span> codd.; 2sg. subj. πεποίθῃς <span class="bibl">Il.1.524</span> ; Ep. 1pl. <b class="b3">πεποίθομεν</b> (for-ωμεν) <span class="bibl">Od.10.335</span> ; opt. πεποιθοίη <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Ach.</span>940</span> : plpf. ἐπεποίθειν <span class="bibl">Il. 16.171</span> ; 3pl. ἐπεποίθεσαν <span class="bibl">Hdt.9.88</span> ; Ep. πεποίθεα <span class="bibl">Od.4.434</span>, <span class="bibl">8.181</span> ; 1pl. ἐπέπιθμεν <span class="bibl">Il.2.341</span>, <span class="bibl">4.159</span> : Pi. uses aor. 2 part. <b class="b3">πιθών</b> = [[πιθόμενος]], <span class="bibl"><span class="title">P.</span>3.28</span>, redupl. πεπιθών <span class="bibl"><span class="title">I.</span>4(3).72</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">III</span> as if from πῐθέω, Hom. has fut. πῐθήσω <span class="bibl">Od.21.369</span> (<b class="b2">obey</b>) : aor. part. πῐθήσας <span class="bibl">Il.4.398</span> (<b class="b2">trust</b>), cf. <span class="bibl">Hes. <span class="title">Op.</span>359</span>, <span class="bibl">671</span>, <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">P.</span>4.109</span>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Ch.</span>618</span> (lyr.), Lyc.735 ; redupl. aor. subj. <b class="b3">πεπῐθήσω</b> trans., <span class="bibl">Il.22.223</span> :—also Aeol. πίθημι, part. πίθεις Alc.<span class="title">Supp.</span> 9.4. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> Act., <b class="b2">prevail upon, persuade</b>, usu. by fair means, τινα <span class="bibl">Il.9.345</span>, etc.; <b class="b3">πεπιθεῖν φρένας Αἰακίδαο</b> ib.<span class="bibl">184</span> ; σοὶ δὲ φρένας ἄφρονι πεῖθε <span class="bibl">16.842</span> ; τοῦ θυμὸν ἐνὶ στήθεσσιν ἔπειθον <span class="bibl">9.587</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Od.7.258</span>, <span class="bibl">23.337</span> ; Ἕκτορι θυμὸν ἔπειθε <span class="bibl">Il.22.78</span> : c. acc. pers. et inf., <b class="b2">persuade</b> one <b class="b2">to</b>... ib. <span class="bibl">223</span>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>724</span>, etc.; <b class="b3">π. τινὰς ὥστε δοῦναι</b>, etc., <span class="bibl">Hdt.6.5</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Th.3.31</span>, etc.; <b class="b3">ὥστε μὴ</b> . . <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ph.</span>901</span> ; later <b class="b3">ἵνα</b> . . <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Ev.Matt.</span> 27.20</span>, Plu.2.181a; <b class="b3">π. τινὰς ὡς χρὴ... ὡς ἔστι</b>... <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">R.</span>327c</span>, <span class="bibl">364b</span>; π. τινὰ ἐς τὴν ὁμολογίαν <span class="bibl">Th.5.76</span> ; κοὐδείς γέ μ' ἂν πείσειεν . . τὸ μὴ ἐλθεῖν <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Ra.</span>68</span> ; <b class="b3">πείθω ἐμαυτόν</b> I <b class="b2">persuade</b> myself, <b class="b2">am persuaded, believe</b>, <span class="bibl">Th.6.33</span>, <span class="bibl">And.1.70</span>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Grg.</span>453b</span>, etc.; also π. τι ὠφέλιμον ὄν <span class="bibl">Th.4.17</span> : freq. in part., <b class="b3">πείσας</b> <b class="b2">by persuasion, by fair means</b>, opp. <b class="b3">ἐν δόλῳ</b>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ph.</span>102</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">612</span>; opp. <b class="b3">βίᾳ</b>, <span class="title">Trag.Adesp.</span>402 ; <b class="b3">πόλιν πείσας</b> <b class="b2">having obtained</b> the city's <b class="b2">consent</b>, <span class="bibl">S. <span class="title">OC</span>1298</span> ; δᾶμον πείσαις λόγῳ <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">O.</span>3.16</span> ; <b class="b3">μὴ πείσας</b> unless <b class="b2">by leave</b>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Lg.</span>844e</span> ; οὐ πείσαντες τὸν δῆμον <span class="bibl">Aeschin.3.41</span> ; <b class="b3">πείθοντες</b>, opp.<b class="b3">βίᾳ</b>, <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">An.</span>5.5.11</span> ; <b class="b3">π. γυναῖκα</b>, opp. <b class="b3">βιάζεσθαι</b>, <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Cyr.</span>6.1.34</span> ; <b class="b3">πέπεικε</b>, opp. <b class="b3">ἠνάγκακε</b>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Hipparch.</span>232b</span> (but π. ἀνάγκῃ <span class="bibl">D.C.62.16</span>, cf. [[πειθανάγκη]]) : with neut. pron., <b class="b2">persuade</b> one to or of a thing, τοῦτό γε οὐκ ἔπειθε τοὺς Φωκαιέας <span class="bibl">Hdt.1.163</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Pr.</span>1064</span> (anap.), <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">R.</span>399b</span>, etc.; ἔπειθον οὐδέν' οὐδέν <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Ag.</span>1212</span> ; <b class="b3">μὴ πεῖθ' ἃ μὴ δεῖ</b> <b class="b2">do</b> not <b class="b2">attempt to persuade</b> me to... <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OC</span>1442</span> ; also <b class="b3">τοιάνδ' ἔπειθε ῥῆσιν</b> <b class="b2">addressed</b> them thus, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Supp.</span>615</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> <b class="b2">prevail on by entreaty</b>, <span class="bibl">Il. 24.219</span>, <span class="bibl">Od.14.363</span> ; τότε κέν μιν ἱλασσάμενοι πεπίθοιμεν <span class="bibl">Il.1.100</span> ; ὥς κέν μιν ἀρεσσάμενοι πεπίθωμεν <span class="bibl">9.112</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">181</span>, <span class="bibl">386</span>, <span class="bibl">Hes.<span class="title">Sc.</span>450</span> ; Ζηνὸς ἦτορ λιταῖς <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">O.</span>2.80</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">R.</span>366a</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Ap.</span>37d</span> : c. dupl. acc., τὸν φόρον ὑποτελῶ Ἀθηναίοισιν, ὃν ἂν πείθω Ἀθηναίους <span class="title">IG</span>12.39.27. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> in bad sense, <b class="b2">talk over, mislead</b>, ἐπεὶ οὐ παρελεύσεαι οὐδέ με πείσεις <span class="bibl">Il.1.132</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">6.360</span> ; ἔληθε δόλῳ καὶ ἔπειθεν Ἀχαιούς <span class="bibl">Od.2.106</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">14.123</span> ; πεπιθοῦσα θυέλλας <span class="bibl">Il. 15.26</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> <b class="b3">π. τινὰ χρήμασι</b> <b class="b2">bribe</b>, <span class="bibl">Hdt.8.134</span>, <span class="bibl">Lys.21.10</span> ; <b class="b3">π. ἐπὶ μισθῷ μισθῷ</b>, <span class="bibl">Hdt.8.4</span>, <span class="bibl">9.33</span>, <span class="bibl">Th.2.96</span>, etc. (Pass., χρήμασι πεισθείς <span class="bibl">Id.1.137</span>) : prov., δῶρα θεοὺς πείθει <span class="bibl">Hes.<span class="title">Fr.</span>272</span> ; <b class="b3">πείθειν τινά</b> alone, <span class="bibl">Lys. 7.21</span>, <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">An.</span>1.3.19</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Act.Ap.</span> 12.20</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">3</span> offood, <b class="b2">tempt</b>, Xenocr. ap. <span class="bibl">Orib. 2.58.84</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">B</span> Pass. and Med., <b class="b2">to be prevailed on, won over, persuaded</b>, abs., <span class="bibl">Il.5.201</span>, etc. ; imper. freq. in Trag., <b class="b3">πείθου</b> <b class="b2">be persuaded</b>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OC</span>520</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">El.</span> 1015</span>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Fr.</span>440</span> ; but <b class="b3">πιθοῦ</b> <b class="b2">comply</b>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OC</span>1181</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">El.</span> 1207</span> : c. inf., <b class="b2">to be persuaded</b> to do, <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Ph.</span>624</span>; <b class="b3">πείθεσθέ μοι πρύτανιν ἑλέσθαι</b> Pl .<span class="title">Prt.</span> 338a ; also <b class="b3">πείθεσθαί τινι ὥστε</b> . . <span class="bibl">Th. 2.2</span> ; <b class="b3">ὃ . . ὑμεῖς . . ἥκιστ' ἂν ὀξέως πείθοισθε</b> (sc. <b class="b3">πρᾶξαι</b>) <span class="bibl">Id.6.34</span> ; <b class="b3">ἑκὼν καὶ πεπεισμένος</b> of one's own <b class="b2">free will</b>, POxy. ivp 203 (iv A.D.), etc. ; <b class="b3">τὰ μὲν παρ' ἡμῶν ἴσθι σοι πεπεισμένα</b> we are <b class="b2">won over</b> to you, <span class="bibl">Ar. <span class="title">Th.</span> 1170</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> <b class="b3">πείθεσθαί τινι</b> <b class="b2">listen to</b> one, <b class="b2">obey</b> him, <span class="bibl">Il. 1.79</span>, etc. ; <b class="b3">τοῖς ἐν τέλει βεβῶσι π</b>. <span class="bibl">S. <span class="title">Ant.</span> 67</span> ; <b class="b3">τοῖς ἄρχουσι, τῷ νόμῳ</b>, <span class="bibl">X. <span class="title">Cyr.</span> 1.2.8</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">An.</span> 7.3.39</span> ; μᾶλλον τῷ θεῷ ἢ ὑμῖν <span class="bibl">Pl. <span class="title">Ap.</span> 29d</span> : sts. c. dupl. dat., <b class="b3">ἔπεσι, μύθοισι π. τινί</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.1.150</span>, <span class="bibl">23.157</span> : without dat. pers., ἐπείθετο μύθῳ <span class="bibl">1.33</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Od. 17.177</span> ; <b class="b3">γήραϊ πείθεσθαι</b> <b class="b2">yield, succumb</b> to old age, <span class="bibl">Il.23.645</span> ; <b class="b3">στυγερῇ πειθώμεθα δαιτί</b> <b class="b2">let us comply with</b> the custom of eating, sad though the meal be, ib.<span class="bibl">48</span> ; <b class="b3">νῦν μὲν πειθώμεθα νυκτὶ μελαίνῃ</b>, of leaving off the labours of the day, <span class="bibl">8.502</span> ; <b class="b3">ἀδίκοις ἔργμασι π</b>. <span class="bibl">Sol.4.11</span>, <span class="bibl">13.12</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">b</span> with Adj. neut., <b class="b3">σημάντορι πάντα πιθέσθαι</b> <b class="b2">obey</b> him <b class="b2">in</b> all things, <span class="bibl">Od. 17.21</span> ; <b class="b3">ἅ τιν' οὐ πείσεσθαι ὀΐω</b> wherein I think some <b class="b2">will</b> not <b class="b2">obey</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.1.289</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">4.93</span>, <span class="bibl">7.48</span>, <span class="bibl">Hdt. 6.100</span>, etc. ; πάντ' ἔγωγε πείσομαι <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Aj.</span>529</span> ; πείσομαι δ' ἃ σοὶ δοκεῖ <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Tr.</span> 1180</span> ; οὐ . . πείθομαι τὸ δρᾶν <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Ph.</span> 1252</span> ; μύθοις . . πεισθεὶς ἀφανῆ <span class="bibl">E. <span class="title">Hipp.</span> 1288</span> (anap.), cf. <span class="bibl">Lys.22.3</span> : rarely with Noun in acc., <b class="b3">χρήμασι πεισθῆναι [τὴν ἀναχώρησιν</b>] <span class="bibl">Th.2.21</span> (s.v.l.). </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">3</span> c. gen., four times in Hdt., πείθεσθαί τινος <span class="bibl">1.126</span>, <span class="bibl">5.29</span>, <span class="bibl">33</span>,<span class="bibl">6.12</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">E. <span class="title">IA</span>726</span>, <span class="bibl">Th. 7.73</span> ; πείσθητί μευ <span class="bibl">Herod. 1.66</span> ; <b class="b3">κείνου . . πιθοίατο</b> vulg. in <span class="bibl">Il.10.57</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> <b class="b3">πείθεσθαί τινι</b> <b class="b2">believe, trust in</b>, πείθεθ' ἑταίρῳ <span class="bibl">Od. 20.45</span> ; οἰωνοῖσι <span class="bibl">Il.12.238</span>; τεράεσσι θεῶν καὶ Ζηνὸς ἀρωγῇ <span class="bibl">4.408</span> ; ἐνυπνίῳ <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">O.</span> 13.79</span> ; λεγομένοισι <span class="bibl">Hdt. 2.146</span>, etc. : c. acc. et inf., <b class="b2">believe that</b>... οὐ γάρ πω ἐπείθετο ὃν πατέρ' εἶναι <span class="bibl">Od. 16.192</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Hdt. 1.8</span>, etc. : c. dat. pers. et inf., <b class="b3">π. τινὶ μὴ εἶναι χρήματα</b>, = [[ὅτι χρήματα οὐκ ἔχει]], <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">An.</span> 7.8.3</span> : with ὡς, οὐ πείσονται ὡς σὺ αὐτὸς οὐκ ἠθέλησας <span class="bibl">Pl. <span class="title">Cri.</span>44c</span>, cf. <span class="bibl"><span class="title">R.</span>391b</span> : with neut. Adj. or Pron., <b class="b3">τὰ περὶ Αἴγυπτον τοῖσι λέγουσι αὐτὰ π., οὐκ ἐπείθοντο τὰ ἐσαγγελθέντα</b>, <span class="bibl">Hdt.2.12</span>, <span class="bibl">8.81</span> ; πείθεσθε τούτῳ ταῦτα <span class="bibl">Ar. <span class="title">Th.</span> 592</span> ; <b class="b3">ταῦτ' ἐγώ σοι οὐ πείθομαι</b> I <b class="b2">do</b> not <b class="b2">take</b> this <b class="b2">on your word</b>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Ap.</span>25e</span>, cf. <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Phdr.</span>235b</span> : abs., ὡς ἐγὼ πείθομαι <span class="bibl">Phld.<span class="title">Po.</span>5.34</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">b</span> <b class="b3">π. τινὰ ὅπως</b> . . <b class="b2">to believe of</b> him, that... <span class="bibl">E. <span class="title">Hipp.</span>1251</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">III</span> pf. <span class="bibl">2</span> <b class="b3">πέποιθα</b> <b class="b2">trust, rely on</b>, c. dat. pers. vel rei, <span class="bibl">Il.4.325</span>, etc. (not freq. in early Prose, as αὑτῷ πεποιθέναι <span class="bibl">Pl. <span class="title">Mx.</span> 248a</span>): c. dat. et inf., οὔ πω χερσὶ πέποιθα ἄνδρ' ἀπαμύνασθαι <span class="bibl">Od. 16.71</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Il.13.96</span>, etc.: c. dat., οἷσι . . μαρναμένοισι πέποιθε <span class="bibl">Od.16.98</span> : later c. inf. only, <b class="b3">πέποιθα τοῦτ' ἐπισπάσειν κλέος</b> I <b class="b2">trust</b> to win this fame, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Aj.</span> 769</span> ; <b class="b3">αἰχμήν . . μᾶλλον θεοῦ σέβειν πεποιθώς</b> <b class="b2">daring to</b>... <span class="bibl">A. <span class="title">Th.</span>530</span>: once in Hdt., χρήμασι ἐπεποίθεσαν διώσεσθαι <span class="bibl">9.88</span> : rarely c. acc. et inf., πέποιθα . . τὸν πυρφόρον ἥξειν κεραυνόν <span class="bibl">A. <span class="title">Th.</span>444</span> ; εἴ τις πέποιθεν ἑαυτῷ Χριστοῦ εἶναι <span class="bibl"><span class="title">2 Ep.Cor.</span>10.7</span> ; <b class="b3">π. εἴς τινας ὅτι</b> . . <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Ep.Gal.</span>5.10</span>; <b class="b3">ἐπί τινας ὅτι</b> . . <span class="bibl"><span class="title">2 Ep.Cor.</span> 2.3</span> ; ἐπὶ χρήμασι <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Ev.Marc.</span> 10.24</span>: abs., <b class="b3">ὄφρα πεποίθῃς</b> that <b class="b2">you may feel confidence</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.1.524</span>, <span class="bibl">Od.13.344</span> ; <b class="b3">πεποιθώς</b> <b class="b2">in sure confidence</b>, <span class="bibl">LXX<span class="title">De.</span> 33.28</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">IV</span> post-Hom. pf. Pass. <b class="b3">πέπεισμαι</b> <b class="b2">believe, trust</b>, c. dat., νεκροῖσι <span class="bibl">A. <span class="title">Eu.</span>599</span> ; ὀνείροις <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Hel.</span>1190</span>, etc. : c. acc. et inf., <b class="b3">συνοίσειν ταῦτα πέπ</b>. <span class="bibl">D.4.51</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Pl. <span class="title">R.</span> 368a</span> : abs., νῦν δὲ πέπεισμαι <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Prt.</span> 328e</span> ; <b class="b3">πεπεισμένος ἔκ τινων λογίων</b> <b class="b2">persuaded</b> by... <span class="bibl">Plu.<span class="title">Rom.</span> 14</span> ; πεπείσμεθα περὶ ὑμῶν τὰ κρείττονα <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Ep.Hebr.</span>6.9</span>. (Cf. Lat. <b class="b2">fido, fides</b>.) </span>
 
|Definition=<span class="sense"><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> <b class="b2">persuade</b>, impf. ἔπειθον <span class="bibl">Il.22.91</span>, etc.; Ep. and Lyr. πεῖθον <span class="bibl">16.842</span>, <span class="bibl">B.8.16</span> : fut. πείσω <span class="bibl">Il.9.345</span>, etc.; Ep. inf. πεισέμεν <span class="bibl">5.252</span> : aor. 1 ἔπεισα <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">O.</span>2.80</span>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>84</span>, <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Pl.</span>304</span>, etc. (Hom. has only opt. πείσειε <span class="bibl">Od.14.123</span>); Aeol. part. πείσαις <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">O.</span>3.16</span> : aor. 2 ἔπῐθον <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">P.</span>3.65</span> (poet. <b class="b3">πίθον</b>), Corinn.<span class="title">Supp.</span>2.58 (poet. dual <b class="b3">πιθέταν</b>), <span class="bibl">A. <span class="title">Supp.</span>941</span>, <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Pl.</span>949</span>, <span class="bibl">Theoc.22.64</span>, used by Hom. only in Ep. redupl. forms πεπίθωμεν <span class="bibl">Il.9.112</span>, πεπίθοιμι <span class="bibl">23.40</span>, <span class="bibl">A.R.3.14</span>, πεπῐθεῖν <span class="bibl">Il.9.184</span>, <span class="bibl">A.R.3.536</span>, πεπῐθών <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">I.</span>4(3).72</span> (v. infr.), πεπιθοῦσα <span class="bibl">Il.15.26</span> (ind. not in Il. or Od., πέπιθον <span class="bibl">A.R.1.964</span>, πέπιθε <span class="bibl"><span class="title">h.Ap.</span>275</span>): pf. πέπεικα <span class="bibl">Lys. 26.7</span>, <span class="bibl">Is.8.24</span>, <span class="bibl">Isoc.14.15</span> :—Med. and Pass. πείθομαι, <b class="b2">obey</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.1.79</span>, etc. : fut. <b class="b3">πείσομαι</b> ib.<span class="bibl">289</span>, etc.: aor. 2 <b class="b3">ἐπῐθόμην</b>, Ep. πιθόμην <span class="bibl">5.201</span>, ἐπίθετο <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Nu.</span>73</span>, ἐπίθοντο <span class="bibl">Il.3.260</span>, <span class="title">IG</span>22.29.14, redupl. πεπίθοντο <span class="bibl">Orph.<span class="title">Fr.</span>135</span> ; imper. πίθεο <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">P.</span>1.59</span>, πιθοῦ <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ant.</span>992</span>, pl. πίθεσθε <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>794</span> ; subj. πίθωμαι <span class="bibl">Il.18.273</span>, etc.; opt. πιθοίμην <span class="bibl">4.93</span>, etc. (redupl. πεπίθοιτο <span class="bibl">10.204</span>); inf. πιθέσθαι <span class="bibl">7.293</span>, etc. (πεπιθέσθαι <span class="title">AP</span>14.75); part. πιθόμενος <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ph.</span>1226</span> : aor. 1 Med. ἐπεισάμην <span class="title">IG</span>12(5).720.5 (Andros, ii B. C.), Aristid.1.391 J., Sopat. in <span class="bibl">Rh.8.150</span> W.: fut. Pass. πεισθήσομαι <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ph.</span>624</span>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Sph.</span>248e</span>, etc.: aor. 1 ἐπείσθην <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>593</span>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OT</span>526</span>, <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Nu.</span>866</span>, <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">An.</span>7.7.29</span> : pf. πέπεισμαι <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Pers.</span>697</span>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">El.</span> 578</span>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Prt.</span>328e</span>; Thess. pf. inf. πεπεῖστειν <span class="title">IG</span>9(2).517.16 (Larissa, iii B. C.). </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> intr. tenses of Act., in pass. sense, pf. 2 πέποιθα <span class="bibl">Il.4.325</span>, etc. (not freq. in Prose); imper. πέπεισθι <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>599</span> codd.; 2sg. subj. πεποίθῃς <span class="bibl">Il.1.524</span> ; Ep. 1pl. <b class="b3">πεποίθομεν</b> (for-ωμεν) <span class="bibl">Od.10.335</span> ; opt. πεποιθοίη <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Ach.</span>940</span> : plpf. ἐπεποίθειν <span class="bibl">Il. 16.171</span> ; 3pl. ἐπεποίθεσαν <span class="bibl">Hdt.9.88</span> ; Ep. πεποίθεα <span class="bibl">Od.4.434</span>, <span class="bibl">8.181</span> ; 1pl. ἐπέπιθμεν <span class="bibl">Il.2.341</span>, <span class="bibl">4.159</span> : Pi. uses aor. 2 part. <b class="b3">πιθών</b> = [[πιθόμενος]], <span class="bibl"><span class="title">P.</span>3.28</span>, redupl. πεπιθών <span class="bibl"><span class="title">I.</span>4(3).72</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">III</span> as if from πῐθέω, Hom. has fut. πῐθήσω <span class="bibl">Od.21.369</span> (<b class="b2">obey</b>) : aor. part. πῐθήσας <span class="bibl">Il.4.398</span> (<b class="b2">trust</b>), cf. <span class="bibl">Hes. <span class="title">Op.</span>359</span>, <span class="bibl">671</span>, <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">P.</span>4.109</span>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Ch.</span>618</span> (lyr.), Lyc.735 ; redupl. aor. subj. <b class="b3">πεπῐθήσω</b> trans., <span class="bibl">Il.22.223</span> :—also Aeol. πίθημι, part. πίθεις Alc.<span class="title">Supp.</span> 9.4. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> Act., <b class="b2">prevail upon, persuade</b>, usu. by fair means, τινα <span class="bibl">Il.9.345</span>, etc.; <b class="b3">πεπιθεῖν φρένας Αἰακίδαο</b> ib.<span class="bibl">184</span> ; σοὶ δὲ φρένας ἄφρονι πεῖθε <span class="bibl">16.842</span> ; τοῦ θυμὸν ἐνὶ στήθεσσιν ἔπειθον <span class="bibl">9.587</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Od.7.258</span>, <span class="bibl">23.337</span> ; Ἕκτορι θυμὸν ἔπειθε <span class="bibl">Il.22.78</span> : c. acc. pers. et inf., <b class="b2">persuade</b> one <b class="b2">to</b>... ib. <span class="bibl">223</span>, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Eu.</span>724</span>, etc.; <b class="b3">π. τινὰς ὥστε δοῦναι</b>, etc., <span class="bibl">Hdt.6.5</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Th.3.31</span>, etc.; <b class="b3">ὥστε μὴ</b> . . <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ph.</span>901</span> ; later <b class="b3">ἵνα</b> . . <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Ev.Matt.</span> 27.20</span>, Plu.2.181a; <b class="b3">π. τινὰς ὡς χρὴ... ὡς ἔστι</b>... <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">R.</span>327c</span>, <span class="bibl">364b</span>; π. τινὰ ἐς τὴν ὁμολογίαν <span class="bibl">Th.5.76</span> ; κοὐδείς γέ μ' ἂν πείσειεν . . τὸ μὴ ἐλθεῖν <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Ra.</span>68</span> ; <b class="b3">πείθω ἐμαυτόν</b> I <b class="b2">persuade</b> myself, <b class="b2">am persuaded, believe</b>, <span class="bibl">Th.6.33</span>, <span class="bibl">And.1.70</span>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Grg.</span>453b</span>, etc.; also π. τι ὠφέλιμον ὄν <span class="bibl">Th.4.17</span> : freq. in part., <b class="b3">πείσας</b> <b class="b2">by persuasion, by fair means</b>, opp. <b class="b3">ἐν δόλῳ</b>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Ph.</span>102</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">612</span>; opp. <b class="b3">βίᾳ</b>, <span class="title">Trag.Adesp.</span>402 ; <b class="b3">πόλιν πείσας</b> <b class="b2">having obtained</b> the city's <b class="b2">consent</b>, <span class="bibl">S. <span class="title">OC</span>1298</span> ; δᾶμον πείσαις λόγῳ <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">O.</span>3.16</span> ; <b class="b3">μὴ πείσας</b> unless <b class="b2">by leave</b>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Lg.</span>844e</span> ; οὐ πείσαντες τὸν δῆμον <span class="bibl">Aeschin.3.41</span> ; <b class="b3">πείθοντες</b>, opp.<b class="b3">βίᾳ</b>, <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">An.</span>5.5.11</span> ; <b class="b3">π. γυναῖκα</b>, opp. <b class="b3">βιάζεσθαι</b>, <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Cyr.</span>6.1.34</span> ; <b class="b3">πέπεικε</b>, opp. <b class="b3">ἠνάγκακε</b>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Hipparch.</span>232b</span> (but π. ἀνάγκῃ <span class="bibl">D.C.62.16</span>, cf. [[πειθανάγκη]]) : with neut. pron., <b class="b2">persuade</b> one to or of a thing, τοῦτό γε οὐκ ἔπειθε τοὺς Φωκαιέας <span class="bibl">Hdt.1.163</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Pr.</span>1064</span> (anap.), <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">R.</span>399b</span>, etc.; ἔπειθον οὐδέν' οὐδέν <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Ag.</span>1212</span> ; <b class="b3">μὴ πεῖθ' ἃ μὴ δεῖ</b> <b class="b2">do</b> not <b class="b2">attempt to persuade</b> me to... <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OC</span>1442</span> ; also <b class="b3">τοιάνδ' ἔπειθε ῥῆσιν</b> <b class="b2">addressed</b> them thus, <span class="bibl">A.<span class="title">Supp.</span>615</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> <b class="b2">prevail on by entreaty</b>, <span class="bibl">Il. 24.219</span>, <span class="bibl">Od.14.363</span> ; τότε κέν μιν ἱλασσάμενοι πεπίθοιμεν <span class="bibl">Il.1.100</span> ; ὥς κέν μιν ἀρεσσάμενοι πεπίθωμεν <span class="bibl">9.112</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">181</span>, <span class="bibl">386</span>, <span class="bibl">Hes.<span class="title">Sc.</span>450</span> ; Ζηνὸς ἦτορ λιταῖς <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">O.</span>2.80</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">R.</span>366a</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Ap.</span>37d</span> : c. dupl. acc., τὸν φόρον ὑποτελῶ Ἀθηναίοισιν, ὃν ἂν πείθω Ἀθηναίους <span class="title">IG</span>12.39.27. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> in bad sense, <b class="b2">talk over, mislead</b>, ἐπεὶ οὐ παρελεύσεαι οὐδέ με πείσεις <span class="bibl">Il.1.132</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">6.360</span> ; ἔληθε δόλῳ καὶ ἔπειθεν Ἀχαιούς <span class="bibl">Od.2.106</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">14.123</span> ; πεπιθοῦσα θυέλλας <span class="bibl">Il. 15.26</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> <b class="b3">π. τινὰ χρήμασι</b> <b class="b2">bribe</b>, <span class="bibl">Hdt.8.134</span>, <span class="bibl">Lys.21.10</span> ; <b class="b3">π. ἐπὶ μισθῷ μισθῷ</b>, <span class="bibl">Hdt.8.4</span>, <span class="bibl">9.33</span>, <span class="bibl">Th.2.96</span>, etc. (Pass., χρήμασι πεισθείς <span class="bibl">Id.1.137</span>) : prov., δῶρα θεοὺς πείθει <span class="bibl">Hes.<span class="title">Fr.</span>272</span> ; <b class="b3">πείθειν τινά</b> alone, <span class="bibl">Lys. 7.21</span>, <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">An.</span>1.3.19</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Act.Ap.</span> 12.20</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">3</span> offood, <b class="b2">tempt</b>, Xenocr. ap. <span class="bibl">Orib. 2.58.84</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">B</span> Pass. and Med., <b class="b2">to be prevailed on, won over, persuaded</b>, abs., <span class="bibl">Il.5.201</span>, etc. ; imper. freq. in Trag., <b class="b3">πείθου</b> <b class="b2">be persuaded</b>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OC</span>520</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">El.</span> 1015</span>, <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Fr.</span>440</span> ; but <b class="b3">πιθοῦ</b> <b class="b2">comply</b>, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">OC</span>1181</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">El.</span> 1207</span> : c. inf., <b class="b2">to be persuaded</b> to do, <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Ph.</span>624</span>; <b class="b3">πείθεσθέ μοι πρύτανιν ἑλέσθαι</b> Pl .<span class="title">Prt.</span> 338a ; also <b class="b3">πείθεσθαί τινι ὥστε</b> . . <span class="bibl">Th. 2.2</span> ; <b class="b3">ὃ . . ὑμεῖς . . ἥκιστ' ἂν ὀξέως πείθοισθε</b> (sc. <b class="b3">πρᾶξαι</b>) <span class="bibl">Id.6.34</span> ; <b class="b3">ἑκὼν καὶ πεπεισμένος</b> of one's own <b class="b2">free will</b>, POxy. ivp 203 (iv A.D.), etc. ; <b class="b3">τὰ μὲν παρ' ἡμῶν ἴσθι σοι πεπεισμένα</b> we are <b class="b2">won over</b> to you, <span class="bibl">Ar. <span class="title">Th.</span> 1170</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">2</span> <b class="b3">πείθεσθαί τινι</b> <b class="b2">listen to</b> one, <b class="b2">obey</b> him, <span class="bibl">Il. 1.79</span>, etc. ; <b class="b3">τοῖς ἐν τέλει βεβῶσι π</b>. <span class="bibl">S. <span class="title">Ant.</span> 67</span> ; <b class="b3">τοῖς ἄρχουσι, τῷ νόμῳ</b>, <span class="bibl">X. <span class="title">Cyr.</span> 1.2.8</span>, <span class="bibl"><span class="title">An.</span> 7.3.39</span> ; μᾶλλον τῷ θεῷ ἢ ὑμῖν <span class="bibl">Pl. <span class="title">Ap.</span> 29d</span> : sts. c. dupl. dat., <b class="b3">ἔπεσι, μύθοισι π. τινί</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.1.150</span>, <span class="bibl">23.157</span> : without dat. pers., ἐπείθετο μύθῳ <span class="bibl">1.33</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Od. 17.177</span> ; <b class="b3">γήραϊ πείθεσθαι</b> <b class="b2">yield, succumb</b> to old age, <span class="bibl">Il.23.645</span> ; <b class="b3">στυγερῇ πειθώμεθα δαιτί</b> <b class="b2">let us comply with</b> the custom of eating, sad though the meal be, ib.<span class="bibl">48</span> ; <b class="b3">νῦν μὲν πειθώμεθα νυκτὶ μελαίνῃ</b>, of leaving off the labours of the day, <span class="bibl">8.502</span> ; <b class="b3">ἀδίκοις ἔργμασι π</b>. <span class="bibl">Sol.4.11</span>, <span class="bibl">13.12</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">b</span> with Adj. neut., <b class="b3">σημάντορι πάντα πιθέσθαι</b> <b class="b2">obey</b> him <b class="b2">in</b> all things, <span class="bibl">Od. 17.21</span> ; <b class="b3">ἅ τιν' οὐ πείσεσθαι ὀΐω</b> wherein I think some <b class="b2">will</b> not <b class="b2">obey</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.1.289</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">4.93</span>, <span class="bibl">7.48</span>, <span class="bibl">Hdt. 6.100</span>, etc. ; πάντ' ἔγωγε πείσομαι <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Aj.</span>529</span> ; πείσομαι δ' ἃ σοὶ δοκεῖ <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Tr.</span> 1180</span> ; οὐ . . πείθομαι τὸ δρᾶν <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Ph.</span> 1252</span> ; μύθοις . . πεισθεὶς ἀφανῆ <span class="bibl">E. <span class="title">Hipp.</span> 1288</span> (anap.), cf. <span class="bibl">Lys.22.3</span> : rarely with Noun in acc., <b class="b3">χρήμασι πεισθῆναι [τὴν ἀναχώρησιν</b>] <span class="bibl">Th.2.21</span> (s.v.l.). </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">3</span> c. gen., four times in Hdt., πείθεσθαί τινος <span class="bibl">1.126</span>, <span class="bibl">5.29</span>, <span class="bibl">33</span>,<span class="bibl">6.12</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">E. <span class="title">IA</span>726</span>, <span class="bibl">Th. 7.73</span> ; πείσθητί μευ <span class="bibl">Herod. 1.66</span> ; <b class="b3">κείνου . . πιθοίατο</b> vulg. in <span class="bibl">Il.10.57</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> <b class="b3">πείθεσθαί τινι</b> <b class="b2">believe, trust in</b>, πείθεθ' ἑταίρῳ <span class="bibl">Od. 20.45</span> ; οἰωνοῖσι <span class="bibl">Il.12.238</span>; τεράεσσι θεῶν καὶ Ζηνὸς ἀρωγῇ <span class="bibl">4.408</span> ; ἐνυπνίῳ <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">O.</span> 13.79</span> ; λεγομένοισι <span class="bibl">Hdt. 2.146</span>, etc. : c. acc. et inf., <b class="b2">believe that</b>... οὐ γάρ πω ἐπείθετο ὃν πατέρ' εἶναι <span class="bibl">Od. 16.192</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Hdt. 1.8</span>, etc. : c. dat. pers. et inf., <b class="b3">π. τινὶ μὴ εἶναι χρήματα</b>, = [[ὅτι χρήματα οὐκ ἔχει]], <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">An.</span> 7.8.3</span> : with ὡς, οὐ πείσονται ὡς σὺ αὐτὸς οὐκ ἠθέλησας <span class="bibl">Pl. <span class="title">Cri.</span>44c</span>, cf. <span class="bibl"><span class="title">R.</span>391b</span> : with neut. Adj. or Pron., <b class="b3">τὰ περὶ Αἴγυπτον τοῖσι λέγουσι αὐτὰ π., οὐκ ἐπείθοντο τὰ ἐσαγγελθέντα</b>, <span class="bibl">Hdt.2.12</span>, <span class="bibl">8.81</span> ; πείθεσθε τούτῳ ταῦτα <span class="bibl">Ar. <span class="title">Th.</span> 592</span> ; <b class="b3">ταῦτ' ἐγώ σοι οὐ πείθομαι</b> I <b class="b2">do</b> not <b class="b2">take</b> this <b class="b2">on your word</b>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Ap.</span>25e</span>, cf. <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Phdr.</span>235b</span> : abs., ὡς ἐγὼ πείθομαι <span class="bibl">Phld.<span class="title">Po.</span>5.34</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">b</span> <b class="b3">π. τινὰ ὅπως</b> . . <b class="b2">to believe of</b> him, that... <span class="bibl">E. <span class="title">Hipp.</span>1251</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">III</span> pf. <span class="bibl">2</span> <b class="b3">πέποιθα</b> <b class="b2">trust, rely on</b>, c. dat. pers. vel rei, <span class="bibl">Il.4.325</span>, etc. (not freq. in early Prose, as αὑτῷ πεποιθέναι <span class="bibl">Pl. <span class="title">Mx.</span> 248a</span>): c. dat. et inf., οὔ πω χερσὶ πέποιθα ἄνδρ' ἀπαμύνασθαι <span class="bibl">Od. 16.71</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Il.13.96</span>, etc.: c. dat., οἷσι . . μαρναμένοισι πέποιθε <span class="bibl">Od.16.98</span> : later c. inf. only, <b class="b3">πέποιθα τοῦτ' ἐπισπάσειν κλέος</b> I <b class="b2">trust</b> to win this fame, <span class="bibl">S.<span class="title">Aj.</span> 769</span> ; <b class="b3">αἰχμήν . . μᾶλλον θεοῦ σέβειν πεποιθώς</b> <b class="b2">daring to</b>... <span class="bibl">A. <span class="title">Th.</span>530</span>: once in Hdt., χρήμασι ἐπεποίθεσαν διώσεσθαι <span class="bibl">9.88</span> : rarely c. acc. et inf., πέποιθα . . τὸν πυρφόρον ἥξειν κεραυνόν <span class="bibl">A. <span class="title">Th.</span>444</span> ; εἴ τις πέποιθεν ἑαυτῷ Χριστοῦ εἶναι <span class="bibl"><span class="title">2 Ep.Cor.</span>10.7</span> ; <b class="b3">π. εἴς τινας ὅτι</b> . . <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Ep.Gal.</span>5.10</span>; <b class="b3">ἐπί τινας ὅτι</b> . . <span class="bibl"><span class="title">2 Ep.Cor.</span> 2.3</span> ; ἐπὶ χρήμασι <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Ev.Marc.</span> 10.24</span>: abs., <b class="b3">ὄφρα πεποίθῃς</b> that <b class="b2">you may feel confidence</b>, <span class="bibl">Il.1.524</span>, <span class="bibl">Od.13.344</span> ; <b class="b3">πεποιθώς</b> <b class="b2">in sure confidence</b>, <span class="bibl">LXX<span class="title">De.</span> 33.28</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">IV</span> post-Hom. pf. Pass. <b class="b3">πέπεισμαι</b> <b class="b2">believe, trust</b>, c. dat., νεκροῖσι <span class="bibl">A. <span class="title">Eu.</span>599</span> ; ὀνείροις <span class="bibl">E.<span class="title">Hel.</span>1190</span>, etc. : c. acc. et inf., <b class="b3">συνοίσειν ταῦτα πέπ</b>. <span class="bibl">D.4.51</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">Pl. <span class="title">R.</span> 368a</span> : abs., νῦν δὲ πέπεισμαι <span class="bibl">Id.<span class="title">Prt.</span> 328e</span> ; <b class="b3">πεπεισμένος ἔκ τινων λογίων</b> <b class="b2">persuaded</b> by... <span class="bibl">Plu.<span class="title">Rom.</span> 14</span> ; πεπείσμεθα περὶ ὑμῶν τὰ κρείττονα <span class="bibl"><span class="title">Ep.Hebr.</span>6.9</span>. (Cf. Lat. <b class="b2">fido, fides</b>.) </span>
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|ptext=[[https://www.translatum.gr/images/pape/pape-02-0543.png Seite 543]] fut. πείσω, aor. ἔπεισα (wovon Hom. nur optat. πείσειε, Od. 14, 123 hat) u. poet. ἔπιθον, bei Hom. immer mit der Reduplication, πεπίθω, πεπιθών, [[πεπιθεῖν]], πεπίθοιμεν, πέπιθε; Pind. πεπιθών, I. 3, 90, [[πιθών]] P. 3, 28; [[πιθών]] auch Ar. Ran. 1168; πεπιθήσω = πείσω, Il. 22, 223, eigentl. ich werde machen, daß er Vertrauen hat; perf. πέπεικα u. [[πέποιθα]] (s. unten); med. fut. [[πείσομαι]], aor. II. bei den Ep. ἐπιθόμην, ἐπίθοντο, πιθέσθαι, u. mit der Reduplication πεπίθοιτο, Il. 10, 204. Die Nebenformen des fut. u. aor. πιθήσω u. [[πιθήσας]] bei Hom. sind intrans., wie [[πιθήσας]] Pind. P. 4, 109 u. πιθήσασα δώροισι Μίνω Aesch. Ch. 609; – 1) Activ., durch gütliche Mittel, bes. Worte od. Zureden, <b class="b2">bewegen</b> oder gewinnen, <b class="b2">überreden</b>; πείθεις δή μευ θυμόν, Od. 23, 230, u. oft so φρένας, θυμόν, θυμὸν ἐνὶ στήθεσσιν. Bes. <b class="b2">erbitten</b>, durch Bitten bewegen, Il. 24, 219 Od. 14, 363; besänftigen, begütigen, zufriedenstellen, Il. 1, 100. 9, 112. 181. 386; Hes. Sc. 450; Ζηνὸς [[ἦτορ]] λιταῖς ἔπεισεν, Pind. Ol. 2, 88; bes. durch die Rede bewegen, Etwas zu thun, τόνδε – πεπιθήσω [[ἐναντίβιον]] μαχέσασθαι, Il. 22, 222; δᾶμον πείσας λόγῳ, Pind. Ol. 3, 17; γνώμᾳ πεπιθών, I. 3, 90; πείσαισ' ἀκοίταν βουλεύμασιν, N. 5, 28; νὶν πίθον [[παρασχεῖν]], P. 3, 65; π. τινὰ ὥςτε δοῦναι, Her. 6, 5; πιθεῖν Τιτᾶνας οὐκ ἠδυνήθην, Aesch. Prom. 204; [[πείθω]] νιν λόγῳ, Ag. 1022; ἔπειθον [[οὐδέν]]' [[οὐδέν]], 1185; πρὸς τοῦ δ' [[ἐπεί]]. σθης καὶ τίνος βουλεύμασιν, Eum. 563; ταῖς ἐμαῖς γνώμαις πεισθείς, überredet, Soph. O. R. 570; ἐκ τοῦ [[φίλων]] πεισθεῖσα, El. 401; ἐννύχοις πεπεισμένη ὀνείροις, Eur. Hel. 1206; πείθει Ὀρέστην μητέρα κτεῖναι, Or. 29; u. mit doppeltem accus., [[τίνα]] δοκεῖς πείσειν τάδε, wen meinst du davon zu überreden? Hec. 1205; vgl. Her. 1, 163; Xen. Hier. 1, 16; Plat. Apol. 37 a; κεναῖσιν ἐλπίσιν πεπεισμένος, Aesch. Pers. 790; τί δ' ἐν δόλῳ δεῖ [[μᾶλλον]] ἢ πείσαντ' ἄγειν, Ar. Plut. 102; ἢ λόγῳ πείσαντες ἄξειν ἢ πρὸς ἰσχύος [[κράτος]], 590, u. in Prosa überall, τὸ πείθειν οἷόν τ' εἶναι τοῖς λόγοις δικαστάς, Plat. Gorg. 452 e; καταδέσμοις τοὺς θεοὺς πείθοντές σφισιν ὑπηρετεῖν, Rep. II, 364 c, u. A.; auch τοὺς πολλοὺς εἰς τὴν ὁμολογίαν, dazu bewegen, Thuc. 5, 76; im schlechten Sinne, τοὺς δικαστὰς ἀργυρίῳ πείθειν, die Richter durch Geld bewegen, bestechen; ξεῖνόν τινα χρήμασι πείσας, Her. 8, 134; μισθῷ, 9, 33, für Sold wozu dingen, wie Thuc. 1, 31; δώροις, 4, 65, χρήμασι, 1, 137 u. öfter; vgl. δῶρα θεοὺς πείθει, Hes. frg. bei Plat. Rep. III, 390 e; u. Lys. 7, 21; auch bereden, beschwatzen, durch List, milderer Ausdruck für betrügen, täuschen, Il. 1, 132. 6, 360 Od. 2, 106. 14, 123. – Auch von leblosen Dingen, θυέλλας, erregen, Il. 15, 26. – Πείθω ἐμαυτόν, ich überrede mich, d. i. ich <b class="b2">bin überzeugt, </b><b class="b2">glaube</b>, Plat. Gorg. 453 a u. öfter; ὥς γε ἐμαυτὸν [[πείθω]], Dem. 24, 6, u. A. – Das part. πείσας heißt oft durch gütliches Zureden, durch Unterhandlungen, auf dem Wege der Güte, πείσας [[ἄγει]] τὸ [[στράτευμα]], er führt das Heer mit dessen Einwilligung; οὐ πείσας τὸν δῆμον, ohne das Volk beredet zu haben, ohne Beistimmung des Volks, Aeschin. u. A., bes. Plut.; vgl. τὰς πόλεις ἑκούσας ἔπεισε ποιεῖν τὰς ὁδούς Xen. An. 5, 1, 14, u. Hell. 6, 1, 14. – Das impf. kann auch durch <b class="b2">zureden</b> übersetzt werden, ἕκαστός τις ἔπειθεν αὐτὸν ὑποστῆναι τἡν [[ἀρχήν]], Xen. An. 5, 9, 19, vgl. Hell. 6, 5, 23; Pol. 4, 64, 2. 5, 63, 3. – 2) Im pass., fut. [[πείσομαι]], auch πιθήσω, Od. 21, 369, aor. ἐπείσθην, bei Hom. ἐπιθόμην u. [[πιθήσας]], Il. 9, 119, sich durch gütliche Mittel, bes. durch Worte gewinnen lassen, sich überreden, überzeugen lassen, überredet, überzeugt sein, <b class="b2">gehorchen</b> (vgl. S. Emp. pyrrh. 1, 2301; Hom. u. Folgde überall; mit folgdm accus. c. inf., εἰ μὴ πέπεισθε ἀδικίαν δικαιοσύνης [[ἄμεινον]] εἶναι, Plat. Rep. II, 368 a; mit folgdm ὡς, Legg. VII, 801 b; – c. inf., ὑπὸ χρυσοῦ πεισθῆναι [[πλούσιον]] ἄνδρα ἰάσασθαι, Plat. Rep. III, 408 c; – gew. τινί, <b class="b2">gehorchen, folgen</b>, μηδὲ ἄρξειν μηδὲ ἄρχοντι πείσεσθαι, Critia 120 a; καὶ παρεικαθεῖν, Soph. O. C. 1336; mit folgdm inf., πείθεσθέ μοι ῥαβδοῦχον ἑλέσθαι, Plat. Prot. 338 a, folget mir und wählet, u. A. – Die Sache, wozu Einer überredet wird, oder in der er einem Andern folgt, steht auch im accus., wie das act. mit doppeltem accus. vrbdn oben erwähnt ist. πάντα πιθέσθαι, in allen Dingen folgen, Alles befolgen, Od. 17, 21; σημαίνειν, ἅ τιν' οὐ πείσεσθαι ὀΐω, worin Niemand, wie ich meine, gehorchen wird, Il. 1, 289; u. so ist auch 20, 466 Od. 3, 146, οὐδὲ τὸ ᾔδη, ὃ οὐ πείσεσθαι ἔμελλεν, zu erklären, worin Jener ihm nicht nachgeben werde, wo man gew. πείσεσθαι als pass. für πεισθήσεσθαι erklärt; πείθεσθε τούτῳ ταῦτα, Ar. Th. 595; τί σοι πιθώμεσθα, Av. 164; auch σοῖς ταῦτα [[πείσομαι]] λόγοις, Aesch. Ch. 770; 'Αθηναῖοι ταῦτα Αἰσχίνῃ πείθονται, Her. 6, 100; – εἰς ἀγαθόν, Il. 11, 799; Hom. vrbdt es auch mit dem doppelten dat., τινὶ ἔπεσι, μ ύθοις, Il. 1, 150. 23, 157; γήραϊ πείθεσθαι, dem Alter gehorchen, sich in die Nothwendigkeit des Alters geduldig fügen, Il. 24, 345; στυγερῇ δαιτὶ πείθεσθαι, sich in den Gebrauch des traurigen Mahles fügen, 23, 48; πείθεσθαι νυκτί, der Einladung der Nacht zum Schlafe folgen, 8, 502. 9, 65. – Seltener ist dabei der gen., πείθεσθαί τινος, Her. 1, 126. 5, 29. 33. 6, 12; als v. l. auch Il. 10, 57; Thuc. 7, 73, u. öfter bei sp. D., wie An. Rh. 3, 308. – Πείθεσθαί τινι, Jemandem glauben, trauen, woran glauben, μύθῳ, oft Hom; ταῦτ' ἐγώ σοι οὐ πείθομαι, darin traue ich dir nicht, das glaube ich dir nicht, Plat. oft. – 3) Das perf. [[πέποιθα]], πεποιθέναι, plusquampf. πεποίθεα, Od. 4, 434. 8, 181, hat die Bdtg sich haben überzeugen lassen, <b class="b2">vertrauen</b>, seine Zuversicht worauf setzen, mit dem dat. der Person oder der Sache, auf die man vertraut, Hom. u. Hes., auch wird noch ein inf. hinzugesetzt, ὔμμιν ἔγωγε μαρναμένοισι πέπ οιθα σαωσέμεναι [[νέας]] [[ἁμάς]], Il. 13, 95, ich vertraue euch, daß ihr die Schiffe retten werdet, vgl. 16, 171 Od. 16, 71. 21, 132; auch absol., [[ὄφρα]] πεποίθῃς, auf daß du Zutrauen fassest, Il. 1, 524 Od. 13, 344; τῇ σῇ [[πέποιθα]] χειρὶ δεξιᾷ, Eur. Alc. 1118; χρησμοῖς, τύχῃ, Aesch. Ch. 295 Ag. 654; Ζηνί, 790; πεποιθοίη, Ar. Ach. 904; auch c. acc. c. inf., ἔπεμψα τοὺς [[πέποιθα]] μὴ ματᾶν ὁδοῦ, Aesch. Spt. 37, vgl. 426. 503; u. c. inf., καὶ [[δίχα]] κείνων [[πέποιθα]] ταῦτ' ἐπισπάσειν [[κλέος]], Soph. Ai. 756, ich hege die Zuversicht, diesen Ruhm zu erringen; vgl. χρήμασιν ἐπεποίθεσαν διωθέεσθαι, Her. 9, 88; διὰ τὸ αὑτῷ πεποιθέναι, Plat. Menex. 248 a; einen imperat. πέπεισθι hat Aesch. Eum. 599, Hom. die syncop. Form [[ἐπέπιθμεν]], Il. 14, 55; so ist auch [[πιθήσας]] gebraucht, Il. 22, 107; vgl. auch πεπίθοιτο, Il. 10, 204; γνώμᾳ πεπιθὼν πολυβούλῳ, Pind. I. 3, 90. – Sp, wie N. T., verbinden auch πεποιθέναι ἐπὶ τὸν θεόν. – Adi. verb. [[πειστέον]], man muß gehorchen, Plat. Phil. 28 b u. A.
 
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Revision as of 19:42, 2 August 2017

Full diacritics: πείθω Medium diacritics: πείθω Low diacritics: πείθω Capitals: ΠΕΙΘΩ
Transliteration A: peíthō Transliteration B: peithō Transliteration C: peitho Beta Code: pei/qw

English (LSJ)

   A persuade, impf. ἔπειθον Il.22.91, etc.; Ep. and Lyr. πεῖθον 16.842, B.8.16 : fut. πείσω Il.9.345, etc.; Ep. inf. πεισέμεν 5.252 : aor. 1 ἔπεισα Pi.O.2.80, A.Eu.84, Ar.Pl.304, etc. (Hom. has only opt. πείσειε Od.14.123); Aeol. part. πείσαις Pi.O.3.16 : aor. 2 ἔπῐθον Id.P.3.65 (poet. πίθον), Corinn.Supp.2.58 (poet. dual πιθέταν), A. Supp.941, Ar.Pl.949, Theoc.22.64, used by Hom. only in Ep. redupl. forms πεπίθωμεν Il.9.112, πεπίθοιμι 23.40, A.R.3.14, πεπῐθεῖν Il.9.184, A.R.3.536, πεπῐθών Pi.I.4(3).72 (v. infr.), πεπιθοῦσα Il.15.26 (ind. not in Il. or Od., πέπιθον A.R.1.964, πέπιθε h.Ap.275): pf. πέπεικα Lys. 26.7, Is.8.24, Isoc.14.15 :—Med. and Pass. πείθομαι, obey, Il.1.79, etc. : fut. πείσομαι ib.289, etc.: aor. 2 ἐπῐθόμην, Ep. πιθόμην 5.201, ἐπίθετο Ar.Nu.73, ἐπίθοντο Il.3.260, IG22.29.14, redupl. πεπίθοντο Orph.Fr.135 ; imper. πίθεο Pi.P.1.59, πιθοῦ S.Ant.992, pl. πίθεσθε A.Eu.794 ; subj. πίθωμαι Il.18.273, etc.; opt. πιθοίμην 4.93, etc. (redupl. πεπίθοιτο 10.204); inf. πιθέσθαι 7.293, etc. (πεπιθέσθαι AP14.75); part. πιθόμενος S.Ph.1226 : aor. 1 Med. ἐπεισάμην IG12(5).720.5 (Andros, ii B. C.), Aristid.1.391 J., Sopat. in Rh.8.150 W.: fut. Pass. πεισθήσομαι S.Ph.624, Pl.Sph.248e, etc.: aor. 1 ἐπείσθην A.Eu.593, S.OT526, Ar.Nu.866, X.An.7.7.29 : pf. πέπεισμαι A.Pers.697, E.El. 578, Pl.Prt.328e; Thess. pf. inf. πεπεῖστειν IG9(2).517.16 (Larissa, iii B. C.).    II intr. tenses of Act., in pass. sense, pf. 2 πέποιθα Il.4.325, etc. (not freq. in Prose); imper. πέπεισθι A.Eu.599 codd.; 2sg. subj. πεποίθῃς Il.1.524 ; Ep. 1pl. πεποίθομεν (for-ωμεν) Od.10.335 ; opt. πεποιθοίη Ar.Ach.940 : plpf. ἐπεποίθειν Il. 16.171 ; 3pl. ἐπεποίθεσαν Hdt.9.88 ; Ep. πεποίθεα Od.4.434, 8.181 ; 1pl. ἐπέπιθμεν Il.2.341, 4.159 : Pi. uses aor. 2 part. πιθών = πιθόμενος, P.3.28, redupl. πεπιθών I.4(3).72.    III as if from πῐθέω, Hom. has fut. πῐθήσω Od.21.369 (obey) : aor. part. πῐθήσας Il.4.398 (trust), cf. Hes. Op.359, 671, Pi.P.4.109, A.Ch.618 (lyr.), Lyc.735 ; redupl. aor. subj. πεπῐθήσω trans., Il.22.223 :—also Aeol. πίθημι, part. πίθεις Alc.Supp. 9.4.    A Act., prevail upon, persuade, usu. by fair means, τινα Il.9.345, etc.; πεπιθεῖν φρένας Αἰακίδαο ib.184 ; σοὶ δὲ φρένας ἄφρονι πεῖθε 16.842 ; τοῦ θυμὸν ἐνὶ στήθεσσιν ἔπειθον 9.587, cf. Od.7.258, 23.337 ; Ἕκτορι θυμὸν ἔπειθε Il.22.78 : c. acc. pers. et inf., persuade one to... ib. 223, A.Eu.724, etc.; π. τινὰς ὥστε δοῦναι, etc., Hdt.6.5, cf. Th.3.31, etc.; ὥστε μὴ . . S.Ph.901 ; later ἵνα . . Ev.Matt. 27.20, Plu.2.181a; π. τινὰς ὡς χρὴ... ὡς ἔστι... Pl.R.327c, 364b; π. τινὰ ἐς τὴν ὁμολογίαν Th.5.76 ; κοὐδείς γέ μ' ἂν πείσειεν . . τὸ μὴ ἐλθεῖν Ar.Ra.68 ; πείθω ἐμαυτόν I persuade myself, am persuaded, believe, Th.6.33, And.1.70, Pl.Grg.453b, etc.; also π. τι ὠφέλιμον ὄν Th.4.17 : freq. in part., πείσας by persuasion, by fair means, opp. ἐν δόλῳ, S.Ph.102, cf. 612; opp. βίᾳ, Trag.Adesp.402 ; πόλιν πείσας having obtained the city's consent, S. OC1298 ; δᾶμον πείσαις λόγῳ Pi.O.3.16 ; μὴ πείσας unless by leave, Pl.Lg.844e ; οὐ πείσαντες τὸν δῆμον Aeschin.3.41 ; πείθοντες, opp.βίᾳ, X.An.5.5.11 ; π. γυναῖκα, opp. βιάζεσθαι, Id.Cyr.6.1.34 ; πέπεικε, opp. ἠνάγκακε, Pl.Hipparch.232b (but π. ἀνάγκῃ D.C.62.16, cf. πειθανάγκη) : with neut. pron., persuade one to or of a thing, τοῦτό γε οὐκ ἔπειθε τοὺς Φωκαιέας Hdt.1.163, cf. A.Pr.1064 (anap.), Pl.R.399b, etc.; ἔπειθον οὐδέν' οὐδέν A.Ag.1212 ; μὴ πεῖθ' ἃ μὴ δεῖ do not attempt to persuade me to... S.OC1442 ; also τοιάνδ' ἔπειθε ῥῆσιν addressed them thus, A.Supp.615.    2 prevail on by entreaty, Il. 24.219, Od.14.363 ; τότε κέν μιν ἱλασσάμενοι πεπίθοιμεν Il.1.100 ; ὥς κέν μιν ἀρεσσάμενοι πεπίθωμεν 9.112, cf. 181, 386, Hes.Sc.450 ; Ζηνὸς ἦτορ λιταῖς Pi.O.2.80, cf. Pl.R.366a, Ap.37d : c. dupl. acc., τὸν φόρον ὑποτελῶ Ἀθηναίοισιν, ὃν ἂν πείθω Ἀθηναίους IG12.39.27.    II in bad sense, talk over, mislead, ἐπεὶ οὐ παρελεύσεαι οὐδέ με πείσεις Il.1.132, cf. 6.360 ; ἔληθε δόλῳ καὶ ἔπειθεν Ἀχαιούς Od.2.106, cf. 14.123 ; πεπιθοῦσα θυέλλας Il. 15.26.    2 π. τινὰ χρήμασι bribe, Hdt.8.134, Lys.21.10 ; π. ἐπὶ μισθῷ μισθῷ, Hdt.8.4, 9.33, Th.2.96, etc. (Pass., χρήμασι πεισθείς Id.1.137) : prov., δῶρα θεοὺς πείθει Hes.Fr.272 ; πείθειν τινά alone, Lys. 7.21, X.An.1.3.19, Act.Ap. 12.20.    3 offood, tempt, Xenocr. ap. Orib. 2.58.84.    B Pass. and Med., to be prevailed on, won over, persuaded, abs., Il.5.201, etc. ; imper. freq. in Trag., πείθου be persuaded, S.OC520, El. 1015, E.Fr.440 ; but πιθοῦ comply, S.OC1181, El. 1207 : c. inf., to be persuaded to do, Id.Ph.624; πείθεσθέ μοι πρύτανιν ἑλέσθαι Pl .Prt. 338a ; also πείθεσθαί τινι ὥστε . . Th. 2.2 ; ὃ . . ὑμεῖς . . ἥκιστ' ἂν ὀξέως πείθοισθε (sc. πρᾶξαι) Id.6.34 ; ἑκὼν καὶ πεπεισμένος of one's own free will, POxy. ivp 203 (iv A.D.), etc. ; τὰ μὲν παρ' ἡμῶν ἴσθι σοι πεπεισμένα we are won over to you, Ar. Th. 1170.    2 πείθεσθαί τινι listen to one, obey him, Il. 1.79, etc. ; τοῖς ἐν τέλει βεβῶσι π. S. Ant. 67 ; τοῖς ἄρχουσι, τῷ νόμῳ, X. Cyr. 1.2.8, An. 7.3.39 ; μᾶλλον τῷ θεῷ ἢ ὑμῖν Pl. Ap. 29d : sts. c. dupl. dat., ἔπεσι, μύθοισι π. τινί, Il.1.150, 23.157 : without dat. pers., ἐπείθετο μύθῳ 1.33, cf. Od. 17.177 ; γήραϊ πείθεσθαι yield, succumb to old age, Il.23.645 ; στυγερῇ πειθώμεθα δαιτί let us comply with the custom of eating, sad though the meal be, ib.48 ; νῦν μὲν πειθώμεθα νυκτὶ μελαίνῃ, of leaving off the labours of the day, 8.502 ; ἀδίκοις ἔργμασι π. Sol.4.11, 13.12.    b with Adj. neut., σημάντορι πάντα πιθέσθαι obey him in all things, Od. 17.21 ; ἅ τιν' οὐ πείσεσθαι ὀΐω wherein I think some will not obey, Il.1.289, cf. 4.93, 7.48, Hdt. 6.100, etc. ; πάντ' ἔγωγε πείσομαι S.Aj.529 ; πείσομαι δ' ἃ σοὶ δοκεῖ Id.Tr. 1180 ; οὐ . . πείθομαι τὸ δρᾶν Id.Ph. 1252 ; μύθοις . . πεισθεὶς ἀφανῆ E. Hipp. 1288 (anap.), cf. Lys.22.3 : rarely with Noun in acc., χρήμασι πεισθῆναι [τὴν ἀναχώρησιν] Th.2.21 (s.v.l.).    3 c. gen., four times in Hdt., πείθεσθαί τινος 1.126, 5.29, 33,6.12, cf. E. IA726, Th. 7.73 ; πείσθητί μευ Herod. 1.66 ; κείνου . . πιθοίατο vulg. in Il.10.57.    II πείθεσθαί τινι believe, trust in, πείθεθ' ἑταίρῳ Od. 20.45 ; οἰωνοῖσι Il.12.238; τεράεσσι θεῶν καὶ Ζηνὸς ἀρωγῇ 4.408 ; ἐνυπνίῳ Pi.O. 13.79 ; λεγομένοισι Hdt. 2.146, etc. : c. acc. et inf., believe that... οὐ γάρ πω ἐπείθετο ὃν πατέρ' εἶναι Od. 16.192, cf. Hdt. 1.8, etc. : c. dat. pers. et inf., π. τινὶ μὴ εἶναι χρήματα, = ὅτι χρήματα οὐκ ἔχει, X.An. 7.8.3 : with ὡς, οὐ πείσονται ὡς σὺ αὐτὸς οὐκ ἠθέλησας Pl. Cri.44c, cf. R.391b : with neut. Adj. or Pron., τὰ περὶ Αἴγυπτον τοῖσι λέγουσι αὐτὰ π., οὐκ ἐπείθοντο τὰ ἐσαγγελθέντα, Hdt.2.12, 8.81 ; πείθεσθε τούτῳ ταῦτα Ar. Th. 592 ; ταῦτ' ἐγώ σοι οὐ πείθομαι I do not take this on your word, Pl.Ap.25e, cf. Phdr.235b : abs., ὡς ἐγὼ πείθομαι Phld.Po.5.34.    b π. τινὰ ὅπως . . to believe of him, that... E. Hipp.1251.    III pf. 2 πέποιθα trust, rely on, c. dat. pers. vel rei, Il.4.325, etc. (not freq. in early Prose, as αὑτῷ πεποιθέναι Pl. Mx. 248a): c. dat. et inf., οὔ πω χερσὶ πέποιθα ἄνδρ' ἀπαμύνασθαι Od. 16.71, cf. Il.13.96, etc.: c. dat., οἷσι . . μαρναμένοισι πέποιθε Od.16.98 : later c. inf. only, πέποιθα τοῦτ' ἐπισπάσειν κλέος I trust to win this fame, S.Aj. 769 ; αἰχμήν . . μᾶλλον θεοῦ σέβειν πεποιθώς daring to... A. Th.530: once in Hdt., χρήμασι ἐπεποίθεσαν διώσεσθαι 9.88 : rarely c. acc. et inf., πέποιθα . . τὸν πυρφόρον ἥξειν κεραυνόν A. Th.444 ; εἴ τις πέποιθεν ἑαυτῷ Χριστοῦ εἶναι 2 Ep.Cor.10.7 ; π. εἴς τινας ὅτι . . Ep.Gal.5.10; ἐπί τινας ὅτι . . 2 Ep.Cor. 2.3 ; ἐπὶ χρήμασι Ev.Marc. 10.24: abs., ὄφρα πεποίθῃς that you may feel confidence, Il.1.524, Od.13.344 ; πεποιθώς in sure confidence, LXXDe. 33.28.    IV post-Hom. pf. Pass. πέπεισμαι believe, trust, c. dat., νεκροῖσι A. Eu.599 ; ὀνείροις E.Hel.1190, etc. : c. acc. et inf., συνοίσειν ταῦτα πέπ. D.4.51, cf. Pl. R. 368a : abs., νῦν δὲ πέπεισμαι Id.Prt. 328e ; πεπεισμένος ἔκ τινων λογίων persuaded by... Plu.Rom. 14 ; πεπείσμεθα περὶ ὑμῶν τὰ κρείττονα Ep.Hebr.6.9. (Cf. Lat. fido, fides.)

German (Pape)

[Seite 543] fut. πείσω, aor. ἔπεισα (wovon Hom. nur optat. πείσειε, Od. 14, 123 hat) u. poet. ἔπιθον, bei Hom. immer mit der Reduplication, πεπίθω, πεπιθών, πεπιθεῖν, πεπίθοιμεν, πέπιθε; Pind. πεπιθών, I. 3, 90, πιθών P. 3, 28; πιθών auch Ar. Ran. 1168; πεπιθήσω = πείσω, Il. 22, 223, eigentl. ich werde machen, daß er Vertrauen hat; perf. πέπεικα u. πέποιθα (s. unten); med. fut. πείσομαι, aor. II. bei den Ep. ἐπιθόμην, ἐπίθοντο, πιθέσθαι, u. mit der Reduplication πεπίθοιτο, Il. 10, 204. Die Nebenformen des fut. u. aor. πιθήσω u. πιθήσας bei Hom. sind intrans., wie πιθήσας Pind. P. 4, 109 u. πιθήσασα δώροισι Μίνω Aesch. Ch. 609; – 1) Activ., durch gütliche Mittel, bes. Worte od. Zureden, bewegen oder gewinnen, überreden; πείθεις δή μευ θυμόν, Od. 23, 230, u. oft so φρένας, θυμόν, θυμὸν ἐνὶ στήθεσσιν. Bes. erbitten, durch Bitten bewegen, Il. 24, 219 Od. 14, 363; besänftigen, begütigen, zufriedenstellen, Il. 1, 100. 9, 112. 181. 386; Hes. Sc. 450; Ζηνὸς ἦτορ λιταῖς ἔπεισεν, Pind. Ol. 2, 88; bes. durch die Rede bewegen, Etwas zu thun, τόνδε – πεπιθήσω ἐναντίβιον μαχέσασθαι, Il. 22, 222; δᾶμον πείσας λόγῳ, Pind. Ol. 3, 17; γνώμᾳ πεπιθών, I. 3, 90; πείσαισ' ἀκοίταν βουλεύμασιν, N. 5, 28; νὶν πίθον παρασχεῖν, P. 3, 65; π. τινὰ ὥςτε δοῦναι, Her. 6, 5; πιθεῖν Τιτᾶνας οὐκ ἠδυνήθην, Aesch. Prom. 204; πείθω νιν λόγῳ, Ag. 1022; ἔπειθον οὐδέν' οὐδέν, 1185; πρὸς τοῦ δ' ἐπεί. σθης καὶ τίνος βουλεύμασιν, Eum. 563; ταῖς ἐμαῖς γνώμαις πεισθείς, überredet, Soph. O. R. 570; ἐκ τοῦ φίλων πεισθεῖσα, El. 401; ἐννύχοις πεπεισμένη ὀνείροις, Eur. Hel. 1206; πείθει Ὀρέστην μητέρα κτεῖναι, Or. 29; u. mit doppeltem accus., τίνα δοκεῖς πείσειν τάδε, wen meinst du davon zu überreden? Hec. 1205; vgl. Her. 1, 163; Xen. Hier. 1, 16; Plat. Apol. 37 a; κεναῖσιν ἐλπίσιν πεπεισμένος, Aesch. Pers. 790; τί δ' ἐν δόλῳ δεῖ μᾶλλον ἢ πείσαντ' ἄγειν, Ar. Plut. 102; ἢ λόγῳ πείσαντες ἄξειν ἢ πρὸς ἰσχύος κράτος, 590, u. in Prosa überall, τὸ πείθειν οἷόν τ' εἶναι τοῖς λόγοις δικαστάς, Plat. Gorg. 452 e; καταδέσμοις τοὺς θεοὺς πείθοντές σφισιν ὑπηρετεῖν, Rep. II, 364 c, u. A.; auch τοὺς πολλοὺς εἰς τὴν ὁμολογίαν, dazu bewegen, Thuc. 5, 76; im schlechten Sinne, τοὺς δικαστὰς ἀργυρίῳ πείθειν, die Richter durch Geld bewegen, bestechen; ξεῖνόν τινα χρήμασι πείσας, Her. 8, 134; μισθῷ, 9, 33, für Sold wozu dingen, wie Thuc. 1, 31; δώροις, 4, 65, χρήμασι, 1, 137 u. öfter; vgl. δῶρα θεοὺς πείθει, Hes. frg. bei Plat. Rep. III, 390 e; u. Lys. 7, 21; auch bereden, beschwatzen, durch List, milderer Ausdruck für betrügen, täuschen, Il. 1, 132. 6, 360 Od. 2, 106. 14, 123. – Auch von leblosen Dingen, θυέλλας, erregen, Il. 15, 26. – Πείθω ἐμαυτόν, ich überrede mich, d. i. ich bin überzeugt, glaube, Plat. Gorg. 453 a u. öfter; ὥς γε ἐμαυτὸν πείθω, Dem. 24, 6, u. A. – Das part. πείσας heißt oft durch gütliches Zureden, durch Unterhandlungen, auf dem Wege der Güte, πείσας ἄγει τὸ στράτευμα, er führt das Heer mit dessen Einwilligung; οὐ πείσας τὸν δῆμον, ohne das Volk beredet zu haben, ohne Beistimmung des Volks, Aeschin. u. A., bes. Plut.; vgl. τὰς πόλεις ἑκούσας ἔπεισε ποιεῖν τὰς ὁδούς Xen. An. 5, 1, 14, u. Hell. 6, 1, 14. – Das impf. kann auch durch zureden übersetzt werden, ἕκαστός τις ἔπειθεν αὐτὸν ὑποστῆναι τἡν ἀρχήν, Xen. An. 5, 9, 19, vgl. Hell. 6, 5, 23; Pol. 4, 64, 2. 5, 63, 3. – 2) Im pass., fut. πείσομαι, auch πιθήσω, Od. 21, 369, aor. ἐπείσθην, bei Hom. ἐπιθόμην u. πιθήσας, Il. 9, 119, sich durch gütliche Mittel, bes. durch Worte gewinnen lassen, sich überreden, überzeugen lassen, überredet, überzeugt sein, gehorchen (vgl. S. Emp. pyrrh. 1, 2301; Hom. u. Folgde überall; mit folgdm accus. c. inf., εἰ μὴ πέπεισθε ἀδικίαν δικαιοσύνης ἄμεινον εἶναι, Plat. Rep. II, 368 a; mit folgdm ὡς, Legg. VII, 801 b; – c. inf., ὑπὸ χρυσοῦ πεισθῆναι πλούσιον ἄνδρα ἰάσασθαι, Plat. Rep. III, 408 c; – gew. τινί, gehorchen, folgen, μηδὲ ἄρξειν μηδὲ ἄρχοντι πείσεσθαι, Critia 120 a; καὶ παρεικαθεῖν, Soph. O. C. 1336; mit folgdm inf., πείθεσθέ μοι ῥαβδοῦχον ἑλέσθαι, Plat. Prot. 338 a, folget mir und wählet, u. A. – Die Sache, wozu Einer überredet wird, oder in der er einem Andern folgt, steht auch im accus., wie das act. mit doppeltem accus. vrbdn oben erwähnt ist. πάντα πιθέσθαι, in allen Dingen folgen, Alles befolgen, Od. 17, 21; σημαίνειν, ἅ τιν' οὐ πείσεσθαι ὀΐω, worin Niemand, wie ich meine, gehorchen wird, Il. 1, 289; u. so ist auch 20, 466 Od. 3, 146, οὐδὲ τὸ ᾔδη, ὃ οὐ πείσεσθαι ἔμελλεν, zu erklären, worin Jener ihm nicht nachgeben werde, wo man gew. πείσεσθαι als pass. für πεισθήσεσθαι erklärt; πείθεσθε τούτῳ ταῦτα, Ar. Th. 595; τί σοι πιθώμεσθα, Av. 164; auch σοῖς ταῦτα πείσομαι λόγοις, Aesch. Ch. 770; 'Αθηναῖοι ταῦτα Αἰσχίνῃ πείθονται, Her. 6, 100; – εἰς ἀγαθόν, Il. 11, 799; Hom. vrbdt es auch mit dem doppelten dat., τινὶ ἔπεσι, μ ύθοις, Il. 1, 150. 23, 157; γήραϊ πείθεσθαι, dem Alter gehorchen, sich in die Nothwendigkeit des Alters geduldig fügen, Il. 24, 345; στυγερῇ δαιτὶ πείθεσθαι, sich in den Gebrauch des traurigen Mahles fügen, 23, 48; πείθεσθαι νυκτί, der Einladung der Nacht zum Schlafe folgen, 8, 502. 9, 65. – Seltener ist dabei der gen., πείθεσθαί τινος, Her. 1, 126. 5, 29. 33. 6, 12; als v. l. auch Il. 10, 57; Thuc. 7, 73, u. öfter bei sp. D., wie An. Rh. 3, 308. – Πείθεσθαί τινι, Jemandem glauben, trauen, woran glauben, μύθῳ, oft Hom; ταῦτ' ἐγώ σοι οὐ πείθομαι, darin traue ich dir nicht, das glaube ich dir nicht, Plat. oft. – 3) Das perf. πέποιθα, πεποιθέναι, plusquampf. πεποίθεα, Od. 4, 434. 8, 181, hat die Bdtg sich haben überzeugen lassen, vertrauen, seine Zuversicht worauf setzen, mit dem dat. der Person oder der Sache, auf die man vertraut, Hom. u. Hes., auch wird noch ein inf. hinzugesetzt, ὔμμιν ἔγωγε μαρναμένοισι πέπ οιθα σαωσέμεναι νέας ἁμάς, Il. 13, 95, ich vertraue euch, daß ihr die Schiffe retten werdet, vgl. 16, 171 Od. 16, 71. 21, 132; auch absol., ὄφρα πεποίθῃς, auf daß du Zutrauen fassest, Il. 1, 524 Od. 13, 344; τῇ σῇ πέποιθα χειρὶ δεξιᾷ, Eur. Alc. 1118; χρησμοῖς, τύχῃ, Aesch. Ch. 295 Ag. 654; Ζηνί, 790; πεποιθοίη, Ar. Ach. 904; auch c. acc. c. inf., ἔπεμψα τοὺς πέποιθα μὴ ματᾶν ὁδοῦ, Aesch. Spt. 37, vgl. 426. 503; u. c. inf., καὶ δίχα κείνων πέποιθα ταῦτ' ἐπισπάσειν κλέος, Soph. Ai. 756, ich hege die Zuversicht, diesen Ruhm zu erringen; vgl. χρήμασιν ἐπεποίθεσαν διωθέεσθαι, Her. 9, 88; διὰ τὸ αὑτῷ πεποιθέναι, Plat. Menex. 248 a; einen imperat. πέπεισθι hat Aesch. Eum. 599, Hom. die syncop. Form ἐπέπιθμεν, Il. 14, 55; so ist auch πιθήσας gebraucht, Il. 22, 107; vgl. auch πεπίθοιτο, Il. 10, 204; γνώμᾳ πεπιθὼν πολυβούλῳ, Pind. I. 3, 90. – Sp, wie N. T., verbinden auch πεποιθέναι ἐπὶ τὸν θεόν. – Adi. verb. πειστέον, man muß gehorchen, Plat. Phil. 28 b u. A.