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Difference between revisions of "Ἆπις"

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{{etym
|etymtx=-εως</b>, -ιδος, -ιος<br />Grammatical information: m.<br />Meaning: Name of a mythical king of Argos (A.). (Also name of an Egyptian god; unrelated.)<br />Origin: XX [etym. unknown]<br />Etymology: Unknown. It is supposed that <b class="b3">᾽Απία</b>, <b class="b3">᾽Απίς</b> [[Peloponnese]] (A.) is derived from the name of the king, but it is rather the other way round.
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|etymtx=-εως</b>, -ιδος, -ιος<br />Grammatical information: m.<br />Meaning: Name of a mythical king of Argos (A.). (Also name of an Egyptian god; unrelated.)<br />Origin: XX [etym. unknown]<br />Etymology: Unknown. It is supposed that <b class="b3">Ἀπία</b>, <b class="b3">Ἀπίς</b> [[Peloponnese]] (A.) is derived from the name of the king, but it is rather the other way round.
 
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Latest revision as of 06:33, 30 July 2020

Full diacritics: Ἀπις Medium diacritics: Ἆπις Low diacritics: Άπις Capitals: ΑΠΙΣ
Transliteration A: Âpis Transliteration B: Apis Transliteration C: Apis Beta Code: *)apis

English (LSJ)

ιδος, εως, and Ion. ιος, ὁ,

   A Apis, a bull worshipped in Egypt, Hdt.2.153, etc.    2 a mythical king of Argos, v. ἄπιος (B) 11.    II Ἀπίς, = Ἀπία γῆ, Theoc.25.183, prob. in A.R.4.1564.

Greek (Liddell-Scott)

Ἆπις: -ίδος, εως, καὶ Ἰων. ιος, ὁ, βοῦς λατρευόμενος ἐν Αἰγύπτῳ ὁ παρ’ Ἕλλησιν Ἔπαφος καθ’ Ἡρόδ. (2. 153). 2) μυθικός τις βασιλεὺς τοῦ Ἄργους, ἴδε ἄπιος ΙΙ. ΙΙ. Ἀπὶς = Ἀπία γῆ, πρβλ. Ἄπιος ΙΙ.

French (Bailly abrégé)

ιδος ou ιος, acc. ιν;
Apis :
I. (ὁ) 1 roi mythique d’Argos;
2 bœuf sacré chez les Égyptiens;
II. (ἡ) ville d’Égypte.

Spanish (DGE)

-ιδος

• Morfología: [ac. -ιν Plu.2.368c; gen. -εως St.Byz.s.u. Πελοπόννησος, -ιος, Hdt.3.29; dat. Ἄπι Hdt.2.153]
Apis
I mit. ὁ
1 dios egipcio, un toro con marcas, dadas por los libros sagrados egipcios, Hdt.2.153, 3.27, 29, D.S.1.21, Str.17.1.22, LXX Ie.26.15, Plu.2.368c, Paus.1.18.4, 7.22.4, v. tb. Ἔπαφος I 1, forma helenizada
Ἀπίδων πανδαισία el banquete de los Apis fiesta egipcia, Com.Adesp.95.
2 hijo de Apolo, médico y adivino de Naupacto, A.Supp.262, 269.
3 hijo de Jasón, Paus.5.1.8.
4 sicionio, hijo de Telquis, Paus.2.5.7.
5 hijo de Foroneo, rey de Argos, Rhian.13.2, Apollod.1.7.6.
II
1 ciu. de Egipto en el delta, al sur de Náucratis, Hdt.2.18.
2 ciu. costera y fronteriza al noroeste de Egipto, prob. actual Bun Aguba, Scyl.Per.107, Plb.31.17.8, Str.17.1.14, Stadias.22, Ptol.Geog.4.5.5.

Greek Monotonic

Ἆπις: -ιδος, -εως και Ιων. -ιος, ὁ,
I. ο Άπις, ταύρος που λατρευόταν στην Αίγυπτο, σε Ηρόδ. II.Ἀπίς = Ἀπία γῆ, πρβλ. ἄπιος II.

Russian (Dvoretsky)

Ἆπις: ιδος и ιος ὁ Апис
1) миф. царь Аргоса Aesch.;
2) священный бык у египтян Her.
ιος ἡ Апис (город в Египте близ границы с Ливией) Her.

Frisk Etymological English

-εως, -ιδος, -ιος
Grammatical information: m.
Meaning: Name of a mythical king of Argos (A.). (Also name of an Egyptian god; unrelated.)
Origin: XX [etym. unknown]
Etymology: Unknown. It is supposed that Ἀπία, Ἀπίς Peloponnese (A.) is derived from the name of the king, but it is rather the other way round.

Middle Liddell


Apis, a bull worshipped in Egypt, Hdt.

Wikipedia EN

Louvres-antiquites-egyptiennes-p1020068

In ancient Egyptian religion, Apis or Hapis (Ancient Egyptian: ḥjpw, reconstructed as Old Egyptian */ˈħujp?w/ with unknown final vowel > Medio-Late Egyptian ˈħeʔp(?w), Coptic: ϩⲁⲡⲉ ḥapə), alternatively spelled Hapi-ankh, was a sacred bull worshiped in the Memphis region, identified as the son of Hathor, a primary deity in the pantheon of Ancient Egypt. Initially, he was assigned a significant role in her worship, being sacrificed and reborn. Later, Apis also served as an intermediary between humans and other powerful deities (originally Ptah, later Osiris, then Atum).

The Apis bull was an important sacred animal to the ancient Egyptians. As with the other sacred beasts Apis' importance increased over the centuries. During colonization of the conquered Egypt, Greek and Roman authors had much to say about Apis, the markings by which the black calf was recognized, the manner of his conception by a ray from heaven, his house at Memphis (with a court for his deportment), the mode of prognostication from his actions, his death, the mourning at his death, his costly burial, and the rejoicings throughout the country when a new Apis was found. Auguste Mariette's excavation of the Serapeum of Saqqara revealed the tombs of more than sixty animals, ranging from the time of Amenhotep III to that of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Originally, each animal was buried in a separate tomb with a chapel built above it.

Frisk Etymology German

Ἆπις: -εως, -ιδος, -ιος
{Ãpis}
Grammar: m.
Meaning: N. eines in Ägypten verehrten göttlichen Stiers (Hdt.); N. eines mythischen Königs von Argos (A.).
Etymology : Herkunft unbekannt. Vgl. die Einwände Kretschmers Glotta 19, 176 gegen Vürtheims Anknüpfung an ἅπτω.
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