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Difference between revisions of "ἵππαρχος"

Ἔρως ἀνίκατε μάχαν -> O love, invincible in battle!
Sophocles, Antigone, 781
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|Transliteration C=ipparchos
 
|Transliteration C=ipparchos
 
|Beta Code=i(/pparxos
 
|Beta Code=i(/pparxos
|Definition=ὁ, <span class="sense"><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> <b class="b2">ruling the horse</b>, epith. of Poseidon, <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">P.</span>4.45</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> <b class="b2">commander of cavalry</b>, τῆς ἵππου <span class="bibl">Hdt.7.154</span>; at Athens, <span class="title">IG</span>22.116.15 (iv B.C.), <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Av.</span>799</span>, <span class="bibl">Lys.16.8</span>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Lg.</span>755c</span>, <span class="bibl">880d</span>, <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">Eq.Mag.</span>1.7</span>,al.; ἵ. εἰς Λῆμνον χειροτονεῖν <span class="bibl">Hyp.<span class="title">Lyc.</span>17</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">D. 4.26</span>; in other states, <span class="bibl">Th.4.72</span>, <span class="title">IG</span>7.2466 (Thebes, iii B.C.), etc.; in the Achaean league, ib.5(2).344.7 (Orchomenus), etc.; = Lat. <b class="b2">magister equitum</b>, <span class="bibl">D.S.12.64</span>, <span class="bibl">Plu.<span class="title">Cam.</span>5</span>, etc.; = <b class="b2">praefectus equitum</b>, <span class="bibl">App.<span class="title">Hisp.</span>47</span>; cf. [[ἱππάρχης]].</span>
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|Definition=ὁ, <span class="sense"><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">A</span> [[ruling the horse]], epith. of Poseidon, <span class="bibl">Pi.<span class="title">P.</span>4.45</span>. </span><span class="sense">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="bld">II</span> [[commander of cavalry]], τῆς ἵππου <span class="bibl">Hdt.7.154</span>; at Athens, <span class="title">IG</span>22.116.15 (iv B.C.), <span class="bibl">Ar.<span class="title">Av.</span>799</span>, <span class="bibl">Lys.16.8</span>, <span class="bibl">Pl.<span class="title">Lg.</span>755c</span>, <span class="bibl">880d</span>, <span class="bibl">X.<span class="title">Eq.Mag.</span>1.7</span>,al.; ἵ. εἰς Λῆμνον χειροτονεῖν <span class="bibl">Hyp.<span class="title">Lyc.</span>17</span>, cf. <span class="bibl">D. 4.26</span>; in other states, <span class="bibl">Th.4.72</span>, <span class="title">IG</span>7.2466 (Thebes, iii B.C.), etc.; in the Achaean league, ib.5(2).344.7 (Orchomenus), etc.; = Lat. [[magister equitum]], <span class="bibl">D.S.12.64</span>, <span class="bibl">Plu.<span class="title">Cam.</span>5</span>, etc.; = [[praefectus equitum]], <span class="bibl">App.<span class="title">Hisp.</span>47</span>; cf. [[ἱππάρχης]].</span>
 
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|mdlsjtxt=ἵππ-αρχος, ὁ,<br />a [[general]] of [[cavalry]], Hdt.: at [[Athens]] [[there]] were two, with 10 φύλαρχοι under them, Ar.
 
|mdlsjtxt=ἵππ-αρχος, ὁ,<br />a [[general]] of [[cavalry]], Hdt.: at [[Athens]] [[there]] were two, with 10 φύλαρχοι under them, Ar.
 
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==Wikipedia EN==
 +
The Magister equitum, in English Master of the Horse or Master of the Cavalry, was a Roman magistrate appointed as lieutenant to a dictator. His nominal function was to serve as commander of the Roman cavalry in time of war, but just as a dictator could be nominated to respond to other crises, so the magister equitum could operate independently of the cavalry; like the dictator, the appointment of a magister equitum served both military and political purposes.

Latest revision as of 17:10, 4 December 2019

Full diacritics: ἵππαρχος Medium diacritics: ἵππαρχος Low diacritics: ίππαρχος Capitals: ΙΠΠΑΡΧΟΣ
Transliteration A: hípparchos Transliteration B: hipparchos Transliteration C: ipparchos Beta Code: i(/pparxos

English (LSJ)

ὁ,

   A ruling the horse, epith. of Poseidon, Pi.P.4.45.    II commander of cavalry, τῆς ἵππου Hdt.7.154; at Athens, IG22.116.15 (iv B.C.), Ar.Av.799, Lys.16.8, Pl.Lg.755c, 880d, X.Eq.Mag.1.7,al.; ἵ. εἰς Λῆμνον χειροτονεῖν Hyp.Lyc.17, cf. D. 4.26; in other states, Th.4.72, IG7.2466 (Thebes, iii B.C.), etc.; in the Achaean league, ib.5(2).344.7 (Orchomenus), etc.; = Lat. magister equitum, D.S.12.64, Plu.Cam.5, etc.; = praefectus equitum, App.Hisp.47; cf. ἱππάρχης.

German (Pape)

[Seite 1258] ὁ, Anführer der Reiterei; καὶ στρατηγοί Plat. Legg. VIII, 847 d, öfter; Xen. Conv. 1, 4, bes. in Athen; bei den Römern tuagister equitum, Plut. – Bei Pind. P. 4, 45 heißt so Poseidon. – Vgl. ἱππάρχης, die spätere Form.

Greek (Liddell-Scott)

ἵππαρχος: ὁ, διοικῶν τὸν ἵππον, ἐπίθ. τοῦ Ποσειδῶνος, Πινδ. Π. 4. 79· πρβλ. ἵππιος. ΙΙ. διοικητὴς ἱππικοῦ, Ἡρόδ. 7. 154· ἐν Ἀθήναις ἐξελέγοντο δύο ἵππαρχοι ἔχοντες ὑφ’ ἑαυτοὺς 10 φυλάρχους, Ἀριστοφ. Ὄρν. 799, Λυσίας 146. 20, Πλάτ. Νόμ. 755C, 880D, Ξεν., Ἀριστ. Ἀθην. Πολ. σ. 90, 7 καὶ 12· ἵππ. εἰς Λῆμνον χειροτονεῖν Ὑπερείδ. ὑπὲρ Λυκ. 14· χειροτονοῦσι δὲ καὶ εἰς Λῆμνον ἵππαρχον, ὃς ἰπιμελεῖται τῶν ἱππέων τῶν ἐν Λήμνῳ Ἀριστ. Ἀθην. Πολ. σ. 90, 15, ἔκδ. Blass· πρβλ. Δημ. 47. 11: - ὁ Ξεν. ἔγραψε πραγματείαν περὶ τῶν καθηκόντων τοῦ ἱππάρχου, ἴδε Schneid. παρὰ Δινδ. ἐν Ξεν. Πονηματ. ἐν τῷ Πίνακι. - Ὑπῆρχον παρόμοιοι ἄρχοντες ἐν Σπάρτῃ, ἴδε ἱππάρχης· ἐν Βοιωτοίᾳ, Συλλ. Ἐπιγρ. 1575. 14· ἐν Ἀχαΐᾳ καὶ Αἰτωλίᾳ. Πολύβ.· καὶ ἐν ἄλλαις Ἑλληνικαῖς πόλεσι. - μεταχειρίζεται δὲ τὴν λέξιν ὁ Πλούτ. πρὸς μετάφρασιν τοῦ Ρωμαϊκοῦ Magister Equitum..

French (Bailly abrégé)

ου (ὁ) :
commandant de cavalerie.
Étymologie: ἵππος, ἄρχω.

English (Slater)

ἵππαρχος
   1 master of horses “ἱππάρχου Ποσειδάωνος” (P. 4.45)

Greek Monolingual

ἵππαρχος, ὁ (Α)
1. (για τον Ποσειδώνα) ο κυβερνήτης του ίππου («υἱὀς ἱππάρχου Ποσειδάωνος ἄναξ», Πίνδ.)
2. διοικητής, αρχηγός ιππικού.
[ΕΤΥΜΟΛ. < ἵππ(ο)- + -αρχος (< ἀρχος < ἄρχω), πρβλ. ίλ-αρχος, ναύ-αρχος].

Greek Monotonic

ἵππαρχος: ὁ, διοικητής ιππικού, σε Ηρόδ.· στην Αθήνα εκλέγονταν δύο, με υφισταμένους τους δέκα φυλάρχους, σε Αριστοφ.

Russian (Dvoretsky)

ἵππαρχος:
1) гиппарх, командующий конницей (в Афинах было два выборных гиппарха, которым были подчинены 10 φύλαρχοι): ἵππαρχοι καὶ στρατεγοί Plat. начальники конницы и пехоты;
2) управляющий конями (Ποσειδῶν Pind.);
3) (у римлян; лат. magister equitum) начальник конницы Plut.

Middle Liddell

ἵππ-αρχος, ὁ,
a general of cavalry, Hdt.: at Athens there were two, with 10 φύλαρχοι under them, Ar.

Wikipedia EN

The Magister equitum, in English Master of the Horse or Master of the Cavalry, was a Roman magistrate appointed as lieutenant to a dictator. His nominal function was to serve as commander of the Roman cavalry in time of war, but just as a dictator could be nominated to respond to other crises, so the magister equitum could operate independently of the cavalry; like the dictator, the appointment of a magister equitum served both military and political purposes.