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Bellona

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Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Bellōna: (old form Duellōna; cf. Varr. L. L. 7, § 49 Müll., and the letter B), ae. f. Bellona a bello nunc, quae Duellona a duello, Varr. L. L. 5, § 73 Müll.: 'Ενυώ, 'Εριννύς, θεὰ πολεμική, Gloss.,
I the goddess of war, sister of Mars, whose temple, built by Appius Claudius Cœcus (Inscr. Orell. 539). in the ninth district of the city, was situated not far from the Circus Maximus, Publ. Vict. Descr. Urb.—A place of assemblage for the Senate for proceedings with persons who were not allowed entrance into the city, Liv. 26, 21, 1; 28, 9, 5; 30, 21, 12 al.; Verg. A. 8, 703; Hor. S. 2, 3, 223: Bellona dicebatur dea bellorum, ante cujus templum erat columella, quae Bellica vocabatur, super quam hastam jaciebant, cum bellum indicebatur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 33 Müll.; cf. Ov. F. 6, 201 sq.; Serv. ad Verg. A. 9, 53: cos. SENATVM. CONSOLVERVNT. N. OCTOB. APVD. AEDEM. DVELONAI., S. C. Bacch., v. Append.; Plaut. Am. prol. 43; Ov. M. 5, 155; Sen. Herc. Oet. 1313; Claud. in Prob. et Olybr. Cons. 121; id. in Ruf. 1, 342; 2, 263; id. IV. Cons. Hon. 12; Eutr. 1, 314; 2, 110; 2, 145; Claud. Laud. Stil. 2, 371; id. B. Get. 34; 466; Petr. 124, 256; Inscr. Orell. 1903; 2316. Her priests (turba entheata Bellonae, Mart. 12, 57, 11: Bellōnārii, ōrum, Acron. ad Hor. S. 2, 3, 223 dub.) and priestesses were accustomed, in their mystic festivals. especially on the 20th of March (hence dies sanguinis, Treb. Claud. 6; cf. Inscr. Orell. 2318), to gash their arms and shoulders with knives, and thus to offer their blood, Tib. 1, 6, 45 sq.; Juv. 4, 123; Luc. 1, 565; Tert. Apol. 9; Lact. 1, 21, 16; Min. Fel. Oct. 30, 5.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

Bellōna,¹² æ, f., Bellone [déesse de la guerre et sœur de Mars : Virg. En. 8, 703.
     arch. Duellona.

Latin > German (Georges)

Bellōna, ae, f. (bellum; alt [v. duellum] Duellona, w. s.), Bellona, d.i. die »Kriegsgöttin«, Begleiterin des Mars, mit blutiger Geißel bewaffnet, Verg. Aen. 8, 703 u.a. – In ihrem Tempel (auf dem Marsfelde neben dem flaminischen Zirkus) versammelte sich der Senat, um Konsuln, die auf einen Triumph Anspruch machten, od. fremden Gesandten Audienz zu geben, da diese nicht in die Stadt kommen sollten, Liv. 28, 9, 5; 30, 21, 12. – Die Priester der B. (turba entheata Bellonae, Mart. 12, 57, 11) pflegten bei den der Göttin dargebrachten Opfern (bes. am 20. März, dah. dies sanguinis) sich selbst die Arme od. Füße zu ritzen u. dann das Blut als Opfer zu bringen od. selbst zu trinken, s. Lact. 1, 21, 16. Minuc. Fel. Oct. 30, 5. Lucan. 1, 565 sq.; vgl. Heinrich Iuven. 6, 511. – Dav.: A) Bellōnāris, e, die Bellona betreffend, Not. Tir. 81, 77. – B) Bellōnārius, ī, m., ein Priester der Bellona, Schol. Iuven. 6, 105: Plur., Acro Hor. sat. 2, 3, 223. – C) Bellōnāria, ae, f., das von den Priestern der Bellona an deren Feste (24. März) gebrauchte Kraut solanum, Ps. Apul. herb. 74.