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Difference between revisions of "capitis diminutio"

Ἔρως ἀνίκατε μάχαν -> O love, invincible in battle!
Sophocles, Antigone, 781
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Latest revision as of 07:49, 15 August 2019

Latin > English

capitis deminutio or capitis diminutio = loss of civil rights, civil death, diminished capacity. Capitis deminutio or capitis diminutio (diminished capacity) is a term used in Roman law, referring to the extinguishing, either in whole or in part, of a person's former status and legal capacity. There were three changes of state or condition attended with different consequences: maxima, media, and minima.

Capitis Deminutio Maxima

The greatest, capitis deminutio maxima, involved the loss of liberty, citizenship, and family (e.g. being made a slave or prisoner of war).

Capitis Deminutio Media

The next change of state, capitis deminutio media, consisted of a loss of citizenship and family without any forfeiture of personal liberty.

Capitis Deminutio Minima

The least change of state, capitis deminutio minima, consisted of a person ceasing to belong to a particular family, without loss of liberty or citizenship.