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humanus

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τύμβος, ὦ νυμφεῖον, ὦ κατασκαφής οἴκησις αἰείφρουρος, οἷ πορεύομαι πρὸς τοὺς ἐμαυτῆς -> Tomb, bridal chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither I go to find mine own.
Sophocles, Antigone, 883

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

hūmānus: (old form: HEMONA humana et HEMONEM hominem dicebant, Paul. ex Fest. p. 100 Müll.; cf. homo
I init.), a, um, adj. homo, of or belonging to man, human.
I In gen.: esse aliquem humana specie et figura, qui tantum immanitate bestias vicerit, ut, etc., Cic. Rosc. Am. 22, 63: simulacra, id. Rep. 3, 9: caput, a human head, Hor. A. P. 1; Flor. 1, 7, 8: succidiae, Cato ap. Gell. 13, 24, 12: Cyclopis venter ... Carnibus humanis distentus, human flesh, Enn. ap. Prisc. p. 870 P. (Ann. v. 327 Vahl,): humana qui dape pavit equas, Ov. H. 9, 68: Athenas obsidione et fame ad humanos cibos compulit, Flor. 3, 5, 10: hostiae, human sacrifices, Cic. Font. 10 21; Tac. G. 9; Plin. 8, 22, 34, § 82; Flor. 1, 16, 7: lac, human milk, Plin. 28, 9, 33, § 123: nec distare humana carne suillam, Juv. 14, 98: carnibus humanis vesci, id. 15, 13: societas generis humani, of the human race, Cic. Lael. 5, 20; cf.: eos (deos) non curare opinor quid agat humanum genus, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 50, 104 (Trag. v. 354 Vahl.); v. genus: ubi remissa humana vita corpus requiescat malis, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 44, 107 (Trag. v. 416 ib.); cf.: humanae vitae varia reputantes mala, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 48, 115; and Cic. Rep. 6, 18; in the comp.: ergo hercules vita humanior sine sale non quit degere, Plin. 31, 7, 41, § 88: omnium divinarum humanarumque rerum, Cic. Lael. 6, 20; v. divinus: amor, id. ib. 21, 81: natura, id. Rep. 1, 14: virtus, id. ib. 1, 7 fin.: casus, id. Lael. 2, 7: cultus, id. de Or. 1, 8, 33: humanissima voluptas, id. Ac. 2, 41, 127: ignes, i. e. which men daily use, Plin. 2, 107, 111, § 239: dapes, i. e. human excrements, id. 17, 9, 6, § 51: memoria, Tac. A. 11, 14: ultra modum humanum, id. ib. 11, 21: humanum facinus factumst, customary, Plaut. Truc. 2, 1, 8: nec quisquam dixerit, in eo qui obdormivit, rem eum humanam et naturalem passum, Mos. et Rom. Coll. 12, 7, 7: major imago humana, of superhuman size, Juv. 13, 222: humanum sacrificium dicebant, quod mortui causa fiebat, Paul. ex Fest. p. 103 Müll.: scelus, committed against men, Liv. 3, 19 fin.; 29, 18 fin.: si quid mihi humanum contigerit, if any thing should happen to me, i. e. if I should die, Dig. 16, 3, 26 (for which, humanitus, q. v.): persuasit nox, amor, vinum, adulescentia: Humanum'st, Ter. Ad. 3, 4, 25: metum virgarum navarchus pretio redemit: humanum est; alius, ne condemnaretur, pecuniam dedit: usitatum est, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 44, § 117; cf. Ter. Hec. 4, 1, 38; id. Ad. 3, 4, 25: humano quodam modo, Quint. 10, 3, 15: res humani juris, property (opp. res divini juris, things sacred or religious), Gai. Inst. 2, 2; 9 sqq.; 3, 97: ne vinum ... esse sacrum incipiat et ex usibus eripiatur humanis, Arn. adv. Gent. 7, 31.— As substt.
   A hūmāni, ōrum, m., men, mortals, Lucr. 3, 80; 837: natura humanis omnia sunt paria, Varr. ap. Non. 81, 10.—
   B hūmānum, i, n., that which is human, mortal, etc.: ignem magnum hic faciam. Dae. Quine ut humanum exuras tibi? Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 62: non hercle humanust ergo: nam volturio plus humani credost, id. Mil. 4, 2, 53: si quicquam in vobis non dico civilis sed humani esset, Liv. 5, 4, 9: pulcher et humano major trabeaque decorus Romulus, Ov. F. 2, 503 (but in Cic. Att. 13, 21, 5, homo is the true reading): homo sum: humani nihil a me alienum puto, Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 25: Satyris praeter effigiem nihil humani, Mela, 1, 8, 10: si in Pompeio quid humani evenisset, Sall. H. Fragm. 5, 16 Dietsch.—
   C Plur.: hūmā-na, ōrum, n., human affairs, the concerns of men, events of life: qui omnia humana, quaecumque accidere possunt, tolerabilia ducat, Cic. Tusc. 5, 6, 17; cf.: despicientem omnia humana, id. Rep. 1, 17; and: haec caelestia semper spectato, illa humana contemnito, id. ib. 6, 19: si quicquam humanorum certi est, Liv. 5, 33, 1: deos esse et non neglegere humana, id. 3, 56, 7.—Comp. (very rare): respiratio humanior, i. e. freer, Cael. Aur. Acut. 2, 1, 2.
II In partic.
   A Humane, philanthropic, kind, gentle, obliging, polite (syn.: comis, urbanus): te esse humano ingenio existumo, Plaut. Most. 3, 2, 127: Cyrum minorem Persarum regem et ceteris in rebus communem erga Lysandrum atque humanum fuisse, Cic. de Sen. 17, 59; cf.: homo facillimus atque humanissimus, id. Att. 16, 16, C, 12: humani ingeni Mansuetique animi officia, Ter. And. 1, 1, 86; cf.: quod ipse moderatissimi atque humanissimi fuit sensus, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 24, 5: Catonis (praeceptum) humanissimum utilissimumque, Plin. 18, 6, 8, § 44 (cf. Cato, R. R. 4). —
   B Of good education, well-informed, learned, polite, refined: gentem quidem nullam video neque tam humanam atque doctam neque tam immanem atque barbaram, quae non significari futura posse censeat, Civ. Div. 1, 1, 2; cf.: homo doctissimus atque humanissimus, id. Verr. 2, 4, 44, § 98: homines periti et humani, id. ib. 2, 5, 28, § 70: haec ego non possum dicere non esse hominis quamvis et belli et humani, id. Fin. 2, 31, 102: Praxiteles nemini est paulum modo humaniori ignotus, Varr. ap. Gell. 13, 16, 3 (eruditiori doctiorique, Gell.; see the entire chap.): humanissimussermo, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 10, 2.—Hence, adv. in two forms: hūmānē and hūmānĭter.
   1    (Acc. to I.) Humanly, agreeably to human nature, in a manner becoming humanity.
   (a)    Form humane: vix humane patitur, Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 65: intervalla vides humane commoda, i. e. exceedingly, charmingly commodious, Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 70: morbos toleranter atque humane ferunt, Cic. Tusc. 2, 27, 65.—
   (b)    Form humaniter: docebo profecto, quid sit humaniter vivere, Cic. Fam. 7, 1, 5: sin aliter acciderit, humaniter feremus, id. Att. 1, 2, 1.—
   b Comp.: si qui forte, cum se in luctu esse vellent, aliquid fecerunt humanius, aut si hilarius locuti sunt, Cic. Tusc. 3, 27, 64.—
   2    In partic. (acc. to II. A.), humanely, pleasantly, courteously, kindly, gently, politely, etc.
   (a)    Form humane: Hirtium aliquid ad te συμπαθῶς de me scripsisse facile patior: fecit enim humane, Cic. Att. 12, 44, 1.—
   (b)    Form humaniter: invitus litteras tuas scinderem: ita sunt humaniter scriptae, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 509, 21: fecit humaniter Licinius, id. Q. Fr. 2, 1, 1.—
   b Sup.: quod se sua voluntate erga Caesarem humanissime diligentissimeque locutus esses, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 6, § 20: quam humanissime scribere, id. Fam. 2, 17, 6; 5, 20, 8; cf. Cic. Fil. ap. Cic. Fam. 16, 21, 3: ducem se itineris humanissime promisit, Petr. 8.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

hūmānus,⁷ a, um (homo),
1 humain, qui concerne l’homme : humana species et figura Cic. Amer. 63, l’extérieur et la conformation de l’homme ; genus humanum Cic. Læl. 20, le genre humain ; divinæ humanæque res Cic. Læl. 20, les choses divines et humaines ; non humanæ audaciæ Cic. Cat. 2, 10, des audaces qui n’ont rien d’humain : humanissima voluptas Cic. Ac. 2, 127, plaisir bien conforme à la nature humaine ; humanum est Ter. Ad. 471 ; Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 117, c’est humain, c’est dans la nature humaine ; humani nihil Ter. Haut. 77, rien de ce qui concerne l’homme || pl. m. humani Lucr. 3, 80, les humains || pl. n. humana, les choses humaines, les événements humains : Cic. Tusc. 5, 17 ; ou les caractères, les attributs humains Cic. Tusc. 1, 65
2 aimable, affable, sociable : homo facillimus atque humanissimus Cic. Att. 16, 16 c, 12, homme si complaisant et si aimable, cf. Cic. CM 59
3 cultivé : homo doctissimus atque humanissimus Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 98, homme si instruit et si cultivé || policé, civilisé : homines a fera agrestique vita ad hunc humanum cultum civilemque deducere Cic. de Or. 1, 33, tirer les hommes de leur vie farouche et sauvage pour les amener à notre état de civilisation et d’organisation politique. arch. hemonus P. Fest. 100, 5.

Latin > German (Georges)

hūmānus, a, um (homo), menschlich, I) im allg.: facies, Cic.: genus (Geschlecht), Cic.: gentes, Liv.: casus, Ov.: ignes, Feuer, die die Menschen täglich zu ihrem Gebrauche machen, Plin.: vita, Cic.: res humanae, menschliche Dinge od. Angelegenheiten, das Irdische, die irdischen Güter, das Diesseits, die Welt (Ggstz. res divinae), Cic. u.a.; u. menschliche Begebenheiten, Schicksale, Cic. u.a.: h. vox, Liv. fr. u. Plin.: hostia, Menschenopfer, Cic., Sall. fr. u.a.: cibi, Menschenfleisch, Flor.: dapes, Menschenfleisch, Ov., Menschenkot, Plin.: urina, Augustin.: scelus, gegen die Menschen, Liv.: conspectus ab utraque acie aliquanto augustior (habitu) humano visus, er erschien beiden Heeren als ein übermenschliches Wesen, Liv.: voluptas humanissima, Cic. – humanum est, das ist etwas Menschliches, Ter. adelph. 471. Cic. Verr. 5, 117. – humano quodam modo, auf eine echt menschliche Weise, Quint. 10, 3, 15. – subst., a) hūmānus, ī, m., ein menschliches Wesen, einer aus dem Menschengeschlecht, Romulus humano maior, Ov. fast. 2, 503: ebenso Plur. humani, menschliche Wesen, Menschenkinder, Lucr. 3, 80 u. 835. Varro sat. Men. 289: u. Genet. Plur. synkop., aeternûm humanûm (= deorum hominumque) sator, Pacuv. tr. 295. – b) hūmāna, ae, f. (sc. caro), Menschenfleisch, Tert. de anim. 32. – c) hūmānum, ī, n., Menschliches = menschliches Wesen, menschliches Geschick, menschliches Gefühl u. dgl., bes. im Genet. bei nihil u. ähnl., zB. Satyris praeter effigiem nihil humani, Mela 1, 8, 10 (1. § 48): si in Pompeio quid humani evenisset, Sall. hist. 5, 16 (20): homo sum; humani nil a me alienum puto, Ter. heaut. 77. – d) hūmāna, ōrum, n., α) die menschlichen Dinge, -Angelegenheiten, die irdischen Güter od. Schwächen, das Irdische (Ggstz. caelestia, divina), de divinis atque humanis cernitur, Plaut.: divina atque humana (göttl. u. menschl. Recht) promiscua habere, Sall.: humana miscere divinis, Liv.: humana (die menschlichen Schwächen) ad deos transferre (Ggstz. divina [die göttlichen Eigenschaften] ad nos), Cic.: deos non humana neglegere fremunt, Liv.: agentibus divina (Opfer, Auspizien) humanaque (u. Befehle, Anordnungen) consulibus, Liv. – β) was zum Lose der Menschen gehört, was einen Menschen treffen kann, die menschlichen Begebnisse, -Leiden, -Schicksale, ferre humana, Cic., humana humanitus od. humane, Afran. fr. u. Cic.: omnia humana tolerabilia ducere, Cic.: fortuna humana fingit artatque ut lubet, Plaut. – II) insbes.: A) menschlich = menschenfreundlich, leutselig, liebreich, freundlich (Ggstz. inhumanus, superbus), erga alqm, Cic.: homo humanissimus, Cic.: ingenium, Cic.: sensus humanissimus, Planc. in Cic. ep. – B) von seiner Bil dung, sein gebildet (Ggstz. immanis), gens humana atque docta (Ggstz. immanis atque barbara), Cic.: Syracusani homines periti et humani, Cic.: Scipio homo humanissimus, Cic. – C) menschlich, dem Menschen angemessen, vestis humanior, anständigere Kleidung, Petron. 117: cibi humaniores, Cael. Aur. de morb. chron. 2, 14, 209. – dah. = ungehindert, ungehemmt, respiratio humanior, Cael. Aur. de morb. acut. 2, 1, 2. – / Archaist. hemonus, Paul. ex Fest. 100, 5 (wo ›hemona‹ humana dicebant).

Latin > English

humanus humana -um, humanior -or -us, humanissimus -a -um ADJ :: human; kind; humane, civilized, refined; [~ hostiae => human sacrifice]