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Difference between revisions of "quia"

Ἔρως ἀνίκατε μάχαν -> O love, invincible in battle!
Sophocles, Antigone, 781
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|lshtext=<b>quĭă</b>:<br /><b>I</b> conj. [for quiam, from abl. quī and jam, whereby [[now]]; [[hence]], [[because]] ([[usually]], [[like]] [[quod]], of the determining [[reason]]; [[while]] quonĭam introduces [[any]] [[casual]] [[circumstance]]).<br /><b>I</b> In gen., constr. [[with]] indic. in asserting a [[fact]]; [[with]] subj. in stating an [[assumed]] [[reason]], or one entertained by [[another]] [[mind]]: [[quia]] fores [[nostras]] ausa es accedere, quiaque istas buccas, Plaut. Truc. 2, 2, 34: [[urbs]], quae [[quia]] postrema aedificata est, [[Neapolis]] nominatur, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 53, § 119: non [[quia]] multis [[debeo]], id. Planc. 32, 78: non [[quia]] [[plus]] animi victis est, sed, etc., Liv. 10, 41, 12: non tam [[quia]] pacem volebant [[Samnites]], [[quam]] [[quia]] [[nondum]] parati erant ad [[bellum]], id. 8, 19, 3; 7, 30, 13; 33, 27, 6; 39, 41, 2. — With subj.: nil [[satis]] est, inquit, [[quia]] [[tantum]], [[quantum]] habeas, sis, Hor. S. 1, 1, 62; cf. id. Ep. 1, 1, 30; Just. 17, 3, 10: [[mater]] irata est, [[quia]] non redierim, Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 103; Hor. S. 2, 3, 101; 2, 2, 25; Just. 24, 3, 3: carent [[quia]], Hor. C. 4, 9, 28.—<br /><b>II</b> Esp., [[with]] [[other]] particles.<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<b>A</b> Quiane, in a [[question]], [[because]]? ([[ante]]-[[class]]. and [[poet]].): Do. Tu [[nunc]] me irrides? Le. Quiane te [[voco]], [[bene]] ut [[tibi]] [[sit]]? Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 69: quiane [[auxilio]] juvat [[ante]] levatos? Verg. A. 4, 538. —<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<b>B</b> Quia [[enim]], [[because]] [[forsooth]] ([[poet]].): quī [[tibi]] [[nunc]] [[istuc]] in mentem venit? So. Quia [[enim]] [[sero]] advenimus, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 34; Ter. Heaut. 1, 2, 14.—<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<b>C</b> Quia nam, and [[quianam]], [[like]] the Gr. τί γάρ,> [[why]]? [[wherefore]]? ([[poet]].): [[quianam]] pro [[quare]] et [[cur]] positum [[apud]] antiquos, Fest. p. 257 Müll.; Naev. and Enn. ap. Fest. l. l.: [[quianam]] arbitrare? Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 34: [[quianam]] legiones caedimu' ferro? Enn. ap. Serv. Verg. A 10, 6: [[quianam]] [[sententia]] [[vobis]] Versa [[retro]]? Verg. A. 10, 6; 5, 13 al.—<br /><b>III</b> Introducing an [[object]]-[[clause]], = [[quod]], [[that]] (postclass.): nescitis [[quia]] iniqui non possidebunt? Vulg. 1 Cor. 6, 9; id. 4 Reg. 2, 3: [[credo]], [[quia]] mendacio possunt (animas movere), Tert. Anim. 5; id. Idol. 20: ignoras, [[quia]], etc., Aug. Serm. 9, 3; Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 6, 62: non advertentes, [[quia]], etc., Cael. Aur. Tard. 1, 5, 71.—Quia [[very]] [[rarely]] follows the [[verb]], Hor. S. 1, 9, 51.
 
|lshtext=<b>quĭă</b>:<br /><b>I</b> conj. [for quiam, from abl. quī and jam, whereby [[now]]; [[hence]], [[because]] ([[usually]], [[like]] [[quod]], of the determining [[reason]]; [[while]] quonĭam introduces [[any]] [[casual]] [[circumstance]]).<br /><b>I</b> In gen., constr. [[with]] indic. in asserting a [[fact]]; [[with]] subj. in stating an [[assumed]] [[reason]], or one entertained by [[another]] [[mind]]: [[quia]] fores [[nostras]] ausa es accedere, quiaque istas buccas, Plaut. Truc. 2, 2, 34: [[urbs]], quae [[quia]] postrema aedificata est, [[Neapolis]] nominatur, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 53, § 119: non [[quia]] multis [[debeo]], id. Planc. 32, 78: non [[quia]] [[plus]] animi victis est, sed, etc., Liv. 10, 41, 12: non tam [[quia]] pacem volebant [[Samnites]], [[quam]] [[quia]] [[nondum]] parati erant ad [[bellum]], id. 8, 19, 3; 7, 30, 13; 33, 27, 6; 39, 41, 2. — With subj.: nil [[satis]] est, inquit, [[quia]] [[tantum]], [[quantum]] habeas, sis, Hor. S. 1, 1, 62; cf. id. Ep. 1, 1, 30; Just. 17, 3, 10: [[mater]] irata est, [[quia]] non redierim, Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 103; Hor. S. 2, 3, 101; 2, 2, 25; Just. 24, 3, 3: carent [[quia]], Hor. C. 4, 9, 28.—<br /><b>II</b> Esp., [[with]] [[other]] particles.<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<b>A</b> Quiane, in a [[question]], [[because]]? ([[ante]]-[[class]]. and [[poet]].): Do. Tu [[nunc]] me irrides? Le. Quiane te [[voco]], [[bene]] ut [[tibi]] [[sit]]? Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 69: quiane [[auxilio]] juvat [[ante]] levatos? Verg. A. 4, 538. —<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<b>B</b> Quia [[enim]], [[because]] [[forsooth]] ([[poet]].): quī [[tibi]] [[nunc]] [[istuc]] in mentem venit? So. Quia [[enim]] [[sero]] advenimus, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 34; Ter. Heaut. 1, 2, 14.—<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<b>C</b> Quia nam, and [[quianam]], [[like]] the Gr. τί γάρ,> [[why]]? [[wherefore]]? ([[poet]].): [[quianam]] pro [[quare]] et [[cur]] positum [[apud]] antiquos, Fest. p. 257 Müll.; Naev. and Enn. ap. Fest. l. l.: [[quianam]] arbitrare? Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 34: [[quianam]] legiones caedimu' ferro? Enn. ap. Serv. Verg. A 10, 6: [[quianam]] [[sententia]] [[vobis]] Versa [[retro]]? Verg. A. 10, 6; 5, 13 al.—<br /><b>III</b> Introducing an [[object]]-[[clause]], = [[quod]], [[that]] (postclass.): nescitis [[quia]] iniqui non possidebunt? Vulg. 1 Cor. 6, 9; id. 4 Reg. 2, 3: [[credo]], [[quia]] mendacio possunt (animas movere), Tert. Anim. 5; id. Idol. 20: ignoras, [[quia]], etc., Aug. Serm. 9, 3; Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 6, 62: non advertentes, [[quia]], etc., Cael. Aur. Tard. 1, 5, 71.—Quia [[very]] [[rarely]] follows the [[verb]], Hor. S. 1, 9, 51.
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{{Gaffiot
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|gf=<b>quĭă</b>,⁵ conj.,<br /><b>1</b> parce que [mode normal [[indic]].] ; souvent en corrél. avec eo, [[hoc]], [[ideo]], [[idcirco]], ob id, [[propterea]], ea re, par cela, à cause de cela, pour cela, par [[cette]] raison que : Cic. Tusc. 1, 13 ; Rep. 3, 45 ; Mur. 51 ; Div. 2, 25 ; Fin. 1, 53 || ex eo [[quia]] Cic. Tusc. 1, 42, de (par) [[cette]] raison que, [ou] [[inde]] [[quia]] Liv. 2, 1, 7 || [[nec]], [[quia]]..., [[idcirco]]... Cic. Leg. 2, 10, et parce que..., ce n’[[est]] pas une raison pour que... || [subj. du st. ind.] : [[Diana]] dicta, [[quia]] [[noctu]] [[quasi]] diem efficeret Cic. Nat. 2, 69, le nom de Diane lui a été donné, parce qu’elle [[produit]] en qq. sorte le jour pendant la nuit, cf. Cic. Fin. 1, 32 || [[non]] [[quia]] subj... [[non]] pas que [[pure]] hypoth.] : Cic. Tusc. 1, 1 ; Liv. 35, 40, 1, etc., Virg. G. 1, 415, [ou] [[non]] pas avec l’idée que : Liv. 21, 31, 2 || [[non]] [[quia]] [[indic]].]... [[sed]]... Liv. 10, 41, 12, [[non]] parce que... mais..., cf. 7, 10, 13 ; 8, 19, 3 ; [[non]] [[quia]] [[indic]].]... [[sed]] [[quia]]... Liv. 33, 27, 6, [[non]] parce que... mais parce que..., cf. 39, 41, 2 ; 40, 33, 2 ; Lucr. 2, 3 ; Cic. Planc. 78 || [arch.] [[quia]] [[enim]] Pl. Truc. 733 ; Amph. 666 ; Ter. Haut. 188<br /><b>2</b> [décad.] scire [[quia]], nescire, credere, dicere [[quia]], etc., savoir que, ignorer, croire, [[dire]] que : Tert. Anim. 5, etc.
 
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Revision as of 07:02, 14 August 2017

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

quĭă:
I conj. [for quiam, from abl. quī and jam, whereby now; hence, because (usually, like quod, of the determining reason; while quonĭam introduces any casual circumstance).
I In gen., constr. with indic. in asserting a fact; with subj. in stating an assumed reason, or one entertained by another mind: quia fores nostras ausa es accedere, quiaque istas buccas, Plaut. Truc. 2, 2, 34: urbs, quae quia postrema aedificata est, Neapolis nominatur, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 53, § 119: non quia multis debeo, id. Planc. 32, 78: non quia plus animi victis est, sed, etc., Liv. 10, 41, 12: non tam quia pacem volebant Samnites, quam quia nondum parati erant ad bellum, id. 8, 19, 3; 7, 30, 13; 33, 27, 6; 39, 41, 2. — With subj.: nil satis est, inquit, quia tantum, quantum habeas, sis, Hor. S. 1, 1, 62; cf. id. Ep. 1, 1, 30; Just. 17, 3, 10: mater irata est, quia non redierim, Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 103; Hor. S. 2, 3, 101; 2, 2, 25; Just. 24, 3, 3: carent quia, Hor. C. 4, 9, 28.—
II Esp., with other particles.
   A Quiane, in a question, because? (ante-class. and poet.): Do. Tu nunc me irrides? Le. Quiane te voco, bene ut tibi sit? Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 69: quiane auxilio juvat ante levatos? Verg. A. 4, 538. —
   B Quia enim, because forsooth (poet.): quī tibi nunc istuc in mentem venit? So. Quia enim sero advenimus, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 34; Ter. Heaut. 1, 2, 14.—
   C Quia nam, and quianam, like the Gr. τί γάρ,> why? wherefore? (poet.): quianam pro quare et cur positum apud antiquos, Fest. p. 257 Müll.; Naev. and Enn. ap. Fest. l. l.: quianam arbitrare? Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 34: quianam legiones caedimu' ferro? Enn. ap. Serv. Verg. A 10, 6: quianam sententia vobis Versa retro? Verg. A. 10, 6; 5, 13 al.—
III Introducing an object-clause, = quod, that (postclass.): nescitis quia iniqui non possidebunt? Vulg. 1 Cor. 6, 9; id. 4 Reg. 2, 3: credo, quia mendacio possunt (animas movere), Tert. Anim. 5; id. Idol. 20: ignoras, quia, etc., Aug. Serm. 9, 3; Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 6, 62: non advertentes, quia, etc., Cael. Aur. Tard. 1, 5, 71.—Quia very rarely follows the verb, Hor. S. 1, 9, 51.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

quĭă,⁵ conj.,
1 parce que [mode normal indic.] ; souvent en corrél. avec eo, hoc, ideo, idcirco, ob id, propterea, ea re, par cela, à cause de cela, pour cela, par cette raison que : Cic. Tusc. 1, 13 ; Rep. 3, 45 ; Mur. 51 ; Div. 2, 25 ; Fin. 1, 53