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truculentus

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Μή, φίλα ψυχά, βίον ἀθάνατον σπεῦδε, τὰν δ' ἔμπρακτον ἄντλει μαχανάν -> Oh! my soul do not aspire to eternal life, but exhaust the limits of the possible
Pindar, Pythian, 3.61f.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

trŭcŭlentus: a, um, adj. trux,
I savage, fierce, ferocious, stern, grim, harsh, cruel, fell (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose; syn.: saevus, crudelis, trux).
   1    Lit.: agrestis, saevus, tristis, parcus, truculentus, tenax, Ter. Ad. 5, 4, 12; cf.: quam taeter incedebat! quam truculentus! quam terribilis aspectu, Cic. Sest. 8, 19: truculentus atque saevus, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 5, 3; id. Truc. 2, 2, 10 sq.; 3, 2, 6; Quint. 11, 3, 73; Ov. M. 13, 558: tigris etiam feris ceteris truculenta, Plin. 8, 4, 5, § 10.— Hence, subst.: Trŭcŭlentus, i, m., a play by Plautus, Cic. Sen. 14, 50; Varr. L. L. 7, 3.—Comp.: nulla Getis gens est truculentior, Ov. P. 2, 7, 31: quo truculentior visu foret, Tac. H. 4, 22: feta truculentior ursa, Ov. M. 13, 803: Armeniam invasit truculentior quam antea, Tac. A. 12, 50.—
   2    Of things: truculentis oculis, Plaut. As. 2, 3, 21: aequor, wild, stormy, Cat. 64, 179: vocibus truculentis strepere, wild, tumultuous, mutinous, Tac. A. 1, 25.—Subst.: trŭcŭlenta, ōrum, fierce conduct or language: truculenta pelagi tulistis, Cat. 63, 16; cf. caeli, Tac. A. 2, 24: truculenta loquens, Ov. M. 13, 558.—Sup.: truculentissimum ac nefarium facinus, Auct. Her. 4, 8, 12.—Adv.: trŭcŭlentē or trŭcŭ-lenter, savagely, fiercely, ferociously: nolite truculenter insequi inania verba populorum, Cassiod. Var. 1, 13; Ven. Fort. Vit. S. Mart. 4, 541.—Comp.: quod truculentius se gereret quam ceteri, Cic. Agr. 2, 5, 13: instans, Val. Max. 3, 8, 5.—Sup.: quam potuit truculentissime eum aspexit, Quint. 6, 1, 43.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) trŭcŭlentus,¹² a, um (trux), farouche, dur, bourru ; cruel, menaçant, terrible, redoutable : Cic. Sest. 19 ; Plin. 8, 10 ; Quint. 11, 3, 73 ; truculentior Tac. H. 4, 22 ; Ann. 12, 50 ; vocibus truculentis Tac. Ann. 1, 25, avec des cris farouches ; truculentissimum facinus Her. 4, 12, crime sauvage ; truculentum æquor Catul. 64, 179, mer farouche, redoutable || pl. n., truculenta pelagi Catul. 63, 16, les menaces de la mer.

Latin > German (Georges)

(1) truculentus1, a, um (trux), finster in den Mienen, unfreundlich, griesgrämig, grimmig, wild, I) eig. u. übtr.: 1) eig., Ter. u. Cic.: truculentis oculis, Plaut.: quo truculentior visu foret, Tac.: vultu etiam truculentior factus est, Spart. – 2) übtr., v. der Stimme = wild, voces, Tac. ann. 1, 25. – II) bildl.: 1) v. Charakter u. der Handlungsweise, unfreundlich, polterig, grob, hitzig, wild, furchtbar, truculentus atque saevus senex, Plaut.: iam non sum truculentus, ich bin nicht mehr so grob, Plaut.: quamvis aliquando fingeret benignum, cum esset naturā truculentus, Spart.: at est truculentior atque plus aequo liber, Hor.: fetā truculentior ursā, Ov.: gens truculentior, Ov.: mores tui multo truculentiores, Apul.: truculentissimo errore, Val. Max.: truculentissimae et saevissimae mentes, Augustin.: hoc truculentissimum ac nefarium facinus, Cornif. rhet. – 2) übtr., v. Meere, wild, stürmisch, aequor, Catull. 64, 179: pelage, Catull. 63, 16.

Latin > English

truculentus truculenta, truculentum ADJ :: ferocious, aggressive