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τύμβος, ὦ νυμφεῖον, ὦ κατασκαφής οἴκησις αἰείφρουρος, οἷ πορεύομαι πρὸς τοὺς ἐμαυτῆς -> Tomb, bridal chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither I go to find mine own.
Sophocles, Antigone, 883

Frisk Etymological English

Grammatical information: m.
Meaning: Hermes, son of Zeus and Maia; also `Hermes-pillar, -head' (Il.)
Other forms: Ἐρμείας, -έας, Ἐρμείης (Call.), Ἐρμᾶς (Dor. Boeot.), Ἐρμάων (Hes.), Ἐρμάν, -ᾶνος (Lac. Arc.), Ἐρμάου, -άο, -ᾶ (Thess. dat.), Ἐρμαον (Cret. acc.).
Dialectal forms: Myc. E-ma-a₂ (dat.)
Compounds: As 1. member z. B. in ἑρμο-γλυφεῖον (Pl.) with retrograde ἑρμογλυ-φεύς, -ικός, -ος (Luc. a. o.), s. γλύφω.
Derivatives: Hypocoristic dimin. Ἐρμίδιον (Ar.), -άδιον (Luc.; also small Hermespillar [Lydia]), after the nouns in -ίδιον, -άδιον. Ερμαῖος `belonging to H., of H., also as name of a month (A., S.; prob. also Ερμαῖος λόφος π 471, if not from 1. ἕρμα; s. below); ntr. Ε῝ρμαιον Hermestemple (Ephesos.; on the accent Hdn. Gr. 1, 369), pl. Ε῝ρμαια (ἱερά) H.-feast (Att.); as appellative ἕρμαιον n. "Hermes-gift", i. e. chance-find, unexpected advanrage (Pl., S.); also plant-name (Stromberg Pflanzennamen 129); f. Ἐρμαΐς (Hp.); Ἐρμαιών name of a month (Halicarn., Keos); Ἐρμαϊσταί pl. name of the H.-adorers, Mercuriales (Rhodos, Kos, Delos), cf. e. g. Ἀπολλωνιασταί and Chantraine Formation 317; Ἐρμαϊκός (late). Ἐρμεῖα pl. meaning uncertain (Str. 8, 3, 12).
Origin: PG [a word of Pre-Greek origin]
Etymology: Ἐρμῆς < Ἐρμέας < Ἐρμείας (Aeol.; cf. Αἰνείας a. o.; cf. Chantraine Gramm. hom. 1, 20; after Solmsen Wortforsch. 240 n. 1, Schwyzer 562 however -είας < -έας as metr. lengthening) and Ἐρμάν from Ἐρμάων for *ἘρμάϜων (like ΠοσειδάϜων a. o.) represent two diff. types of name. The latter is rejected by Myc. emaa₂, \/Hermahas\/. - The derivation from K. O. Müller, accepted a. o. by von Wilamowitz (Glaube 1, 159 and 285) and Nilsson (Gr. Rel. 1, 503f.), proposing connection with 1. ἕρμα, is linguistically (Schwyzer 562 n. 1) possible; both Ἐρμ-είας and Ἐρμ-ά(Ϝ)ων seem to be normal types of name that can be combined with ἕρμα. In this view Ἐρμῆς would have been named after "the pillar which represents him" (Wil.) or simply "he of the heaps of stone" (Nilsson). But ἕρμα does not mean pillar nor does not mean heap of stones (therefore ἕρμαξ, ἑρμεών); also ἑρμαῖος λόφος π 471 can indicate only the heap of ἕρματα. - The resemblance with ἑρμηνεύς induced Boßhardt Die Nomina auf -ευς 36f. (with doubtful linguistic analysis) to consider Ἐρμῆς, "the companion of gods and men", as the the primeval interpreter projected under the gods"; the appellative Ἐρμῆς would itself be Pre-Greek; thus also Schwyzer 62, Chantraine Formation 125. - The Myc. form shows that it is an unanalysable Pre-Greek name. See Ruijgh, REG (1967) 12.