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Teucer

Ὦ ξεῖν’, ἀγγέλλειν Λακεδαιμονίοις ὅτι τῇδε κείμεθα τοῖς κείνων ῥήμασι πειθόμενοι. -> Go tell the Spartans, stranger passing by, that here, obedient to their laws, we lie.
Simonides of Kea

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 1027.jpg

Τεῦκρος, ὁ, or say, son of Telamon.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Teucer: cri (nom. Teucrus, Verg. A. 3, 108; Lact. 1, 21, 1), m., = Τεῦκρος.
I Son of Telamon, king of Salamis, and brother of Ajax, Hor. C. 1, 7, 21; 1, 7, 27; 1, 15, 24; 4, 9, 17; id. S. 2, 3, 204; Ov. M. 13, 157; 14, 698; Auct. Her. 1, 11, 18.—
II Son of Scamander of Crete, son-in-law of Dardanus, and afterwards king of Troy, Ov. M. 13, 705; Verg. A. 3, 108. — Hence,
   1    Teu-crus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Teu cer; poet. transf. for Trojan: carinae, Ov. M. 14, 72: sanguis, Cat. 64, 345.—As subst.: Teucri, ōrum, m., the Trojans, Verg. A. 1, 38; 1, 248; 2, 252; Ov. M. 13, 705; 13, 728 al.; the Romans, Sil. 17, 348. —
   2    Teu-crĭus, a, um, adj., Trojan: moenia, of Troy, Sil. 13, 36. — Hence,
   b Teucrĭa, ae, f., the Trojan country, Troy, Verg. A. 2, 26.—
   3    Teucris, ĭdis, f.
   a A Trojan female. captivae, Sabin. 1, 81.—
   b A pseudonymic designation of some person: Teucris illa lentum sane negotium, Cic. Att. 1, 12, 1; 1, 13, 6.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

Teucĕr¹¹ (Teucrus Virg. En. 3, 108 ; Lact. Inst. 1, 21, 1 ), cri, m. (Τεῦκρος), Teucer
1 fils du fleuve Scamandre et de la nymphe du mont Ida, premier roi de la Troade [d’où le nom de Teucri donné aux Troyens], beau-père de Dardanos : Virg. En. 1, 235 ; 3, 108 ; Ov. M. 13, 705 [en fait un héros Crétois ; déjà dans Lycophron, Scamandre est un roi de Crète]
2 fils de Télamon, roi de Salamine et frère d’Ajax : Hor. O. 1, 7, 21 ; Ov. M. 13, 157.

Latin > German (Georges)

Teucer, crī, m. u. Teucrus, ī, m. (Τεῦκρος), I) (Teucer u. Teucrus) Sohn des Telamon, des Königs von Salamis, Bruder des Ajax, der nach seiner Rückkehr von Troja auf Cypros eine neue Heimat fand, Vell. 1, 1, 1. Iustin. 44, 3, 2 sq. Cornif. rhet. 1, 18. Hor. carm. 1, 7, 21: Nom. Teucrus, Lact. 1, 21, 1; epit. 23, 1. – Titel einer Tragödie des Pakuvius, Cic. de or. 1, 246. – II) (Teucrus) Sohn des Skamander von Kreta, Schwiegervater des Dardanus, erster König von Troas, Verg. Aen. 1, 235; 3, 108 (u. dazu Serv., der auch Teucros hat). – Dav.: A) Teucris, idis, f. (Τευκρίς), die Teukrerin, poet. = die Trojanerin, Sabin. epist. 1, 81. – B) Teucrius, a, um (Τεύκριος), teukrisch, poet. = trojanisch, Pergama, Sil. 13, 36. – subst., Teucria, ae, f., a) Troja, omnis Teucria, ganz T. = alle Trojaner, Verg. Aen. 2, 26. – b) die Pflanze Gamander, Teucrium chamaedrys, L., Plin. 24, 130. – und die Pflanze Milzkraut, Teucrium flavum,. L., Plin. 26, 35. – C) Teucrus, cra, crum, teukrisch, poet. = trojanisch, Catull. u. Ov.: subst., Teucrī, ōrum u. ûm, m., die Trojaner, Verg. u. Ov.: u. die Römer, Sil. 17, 348.

Statue of Teucer by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft

Wikipedia EN

In Greek mythology, Teucer (/ˈtjuːsər/), also Teucrus, Teucros or Teucris (Greek: Τεῦκρος, Teῦkros), was the son of King Telamon of Salamis Island and his second wife Hesione, daughter of King Laomedon of Troy. He fought alongside his half-brother, Ajax, in the Trojan War and is the legendary founder of the city of Salamis on Cyprus. Through his mother, Teucer was the nephew of King Priam of Troy and the cousin of Hector and Paris—all of whom he fought against in the Trojan War.

During the Trojan War, Teucer was mainly a great archer, who loosed his shafts from behind the giant shield of his half-brother Ajax the Great. When Hector was driving the Achaeans back toward their ships, Teucer gave the Argives some success by killing many of the charging Trojans, including Hector's charioteer, Archeptolemus son of Iphitos. However, every time he shot an arrow at Hector, Apollo, the protector of the Trojans, would foil the shot. At one point in his rage at Teucer's success, Hector picked up a huge rock and flung it at him. The rock injured Teucer, so that he retired from the fighting for a certain period of time. He took up a spear to fight in the war after his bow was broken by Zeus. He once again challenged Hector, and narrowly avoided the path of Hector's flying javelin in the ensuing battle. He was also one of the Danaans to enter the Trojan Horse. In total, Teucer slew thirty Trojans during the war; of those Homer mentions Aretaon, Orsilochus, Ormenus, Ophelestes, Daetor, Chromius, Lycophontes, Amopaon, Melanippus, Prothoon and Periphetes, as well as the aforementioned Archeptolemus. He also wounded Glaucus, son of Hippolochus.

After Ajax's suicide, Teucer guarded the body to make sure it was buried, insulting Menelaus and Agamemnon when they tried to stop the burial. Finally Odysseus persuaded Agamemnon to let the burial happen. Because of his half-brother's suicide, Teucer stood trial before his father, where he was found guilty of negligence for not bringing his dead half-brother's body or his arms back with him. He was disowned by his father, wasn't allowed back on Salamis Island, and set out to find a new home. His departing words were introduced in the seventh ode of the first book of the Roman poet Horace's Odes, in which he exhorts his companions "nil desperandum", "do not despair", and announces "cras ingens iterabimus aequor", "tomorrow we shall set out upon the vast ocean". This speech has been given a wider applicability in relation to the theme of voyages of discovery, also found in the Ulysses of Tennyson.

Teucer eventually joined King Belus II in his campaign against Cyprus, and when the island was seized, Belus handed it over to him in reward for his assistance. Teucer founded the city of Salamis on Cyprus, which he named after his home state. He further married Eune, daughter of Cinyras, king of Cyprus, and had by her a daughter Asteria.

The name Teucer is believed to be related to the name of the West Hittite God Tarku (East Hittite Teshub)—the Indo-European Storm God—a role which explains his relationship to Belus, who is the Semitic storm god Baal.

Local legends of the city of Pontevedra (Galicia) relate the foundation of this city to Teucer (Teucro), although this seems to be based more on the suspicions that Greek traders might have arrived to that area in ancient times - hence introducing a number of Greek stories. The city is sometimes poetically called "The City of Teucer" and its inhabitants teucrinos. A number of sporting clubs in the municipality use names related to Teucer.

Wikipedia DE

Teukros (griechisch Τεῦκρος, latein Teucer) ist in der griechischen Mythologie der Halbbruder des Großen Ajax und wie dieser ein Sohn des Telamon, Königs von Salamis.

Teukros kämpfte Seite an Seite mit seinem Bruder im Trojanischen Krieg. Er war ein hervorragender Bogenschütze, kämpfte aber auch gut mit dem Speer. Nach dem tragischen Tod seines Bruders wurde er der Erzieher von dessen Sohn Eurysakes. Als er mit diesem nach Salamis zurückkehrte, lehnte Telamon es ab, ihn bei sich aufzunehmen, weil Teukros den Tod seines Bruders nicht gerächt hatte. Teukros begab sich auf eine Prophezeiung des Apollon hin nach Kypros, landete auf dem Strand der Achäer in Nordzypern, und gründete schließlich mit Hilfe des phönizischen Vaters der Dido ein neues Salamis. Danach werden die kyprischen Könige als Teukriden bezeichnet. Die Beteiligung der Phönizier dürfte die Erinnerung an die phönizische Vergangenheit Salamis' vor der Hellenisierung darstellen.

Einer vereinzelten Version zufolge versuchte er nach dem Tod seines Vaters in seine Heimat zurückzukehren, wurde aber von Eurysakes daran gehindert und segelte nach Spanien, wo er sich in Gallaecia niederließ.