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aquila

τύμβος, ὦ νυμφεῖον, ὦ κατασκαφής οἴκησις αἰείφρουρος, οἷ πορεύομαι πρὸς τοὺς ἐμαυτῆς -> Tomb, bridal chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither I go to find mine own.
Sophocles, Antigone, 883

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

ăquĭla: ae, f. gen. aquilāï, Cic. Arat 372) [perh. from aquilus, from its common color, Gr μελανάετος; cf. Engl. eagle; Fr. aigle; Germ. Adler,
I an eagle.
I Lit.: Falco melanaëtus, Linn.; Plin. 10, 3, 3, § 6 sqq.; Cic. Div 1, 15, 26; 2, 70, 144; Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 4, Liv 1, 34, 8; Verg. A. 11, 751; Ov. M. 1, 506; Hor. C. 4, 4, 32: aquilis velociores, Vulg. 2 Reg. 1, 23 si exaltatus fueris ut aquila, ib. Abd. 4: dilata calvitium tuum ut aquila, ib. Mich. 1, 16.—Poet., the lightningbearer of Jupiter. Jovis satelles, Cic. Tusc. 2, 10, 24: armigera Jovis, Plin. l. l.; cf. Serv ad Verg. A. 1, 398.—
II Transf.
   A The eagle, as the principal standard of a Roman legion (while signa are the standards of the single cohorts; cf. Schwarz ad Plin. Pan. 82; Web. ad Luc. 7, 164; Smith, Dict. Antiq.): aquila argentea, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24; aquilae duae, signa sexaginta sunt relata Antonii, Galba ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 30; Plin. 13, 3, 4, § 23 et saep.—Poet.: ut locupletem aquilam tibi sexagesimus annus Adferat, the office of a standard-bearer, Juv. 14, 197.—Hence, meton., a legion: erat acies tredecim aquilis constituta, Auct. B. Hisp. 30; Luc. 5, 238.—*
   B In arch.: aquilae, as in Gr. ἀετοί and ἀετώματα, the highest parts of a building, which supported the front of a gable. sustinentes fastigium aquilae, Tac. H. 3, 71.—*
   C The Eagle, a constellation, Cic. Arat. 372.—
   D A species of fish of the ray genus, the sea-eagle: Raja aquila, Linn.; Plin. 9, 24, 40, § 78.—
   E Aquilae senectus, prov., acc. to Donatus, of an old man fond of drinking (since it was believed that the eagle, in old age, drank more than it ate; but more prob., a vigorous old age), Ter. Heaut. 3, 2, 10, ubi v. Don.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) ăquĭla,¹⁰ æ, f.
1 aigle : Plin. 10, 6 ; Cic. Div. 1, 26
2 [poét., portant l’éclair de Jupiter] : Cic. Tusc. 2, 24
3 enseigne romaine : Cic. Cat. 1, 24 || porteur de l’enseigne : Juv. 14, 197 || légion romaine : B. Hisp. 30, 1
4 l’Aigle [constellation] : Cic. Arat. 34, 372
5 aigle de mer [poisson] : Plin. 9, 78.

Latin > German (Georges)

aquila, ae, f. (viell. fem. v. aquilus), der Adler, Aar, I) eig., in der Mythol. Jupiters Blitzträger (Falco Melanaëtus, L.), Cic., Liv. u.a. – Sprichw., aquilae senectus, ein frisches u. rüstiges hohes Alter, »ewig junge Adlerkraft« (Jacob), weil der Adler auch im hohen Alter kräftig bleibt, Ter. heaut. 521. – II) übtr.: I) der Adler, das Hauptfeldzeichen jeder röm. Legion, aquila argentea, Cic.: Romanae aquilae signifer, Ov.: aquilam ferre decimae legionis, Caes.: aquilam quartae legionis inferre, Cic.: aquilam conservare, defendere, hostibus prodere, Caes.: hic statui volo primum aquolam, hier will ich zuerst Posto fassen, Plaut. Pers. 759. – Meton., a) die Legion, tredecim aquilae, Auct. b. Hisp. 30, 1: hāc mercede corruptae aquilae, Plin. 13, 23: victrices aquilae, Lucan. 5, 238. – b) die Stelle des Adlerträgers, locuples aqu., Iuven. 14, 197. – 2) der Adler, ein Gestirn, Cic. Arat. 372 (wo Genet. Aquilai). – 3) ein Fisch aus dem Geschlechte der Rochen, der Meeradler (Raia Aquila, L.), Plin. 9, 78. – 4) t. t. der Baukunst, aquilae, die am hintern Giebelfeld (tympanum) in halberhabener Arbeit ausgeführten Adler (des Jupiter) an der Vorder- u. Hinterseite des Tempels des Jupiter Capitolinus, die den Giebel (fastigium) gleichs. zu tragen schienen, Tac. hist. 3, 71.

Latin > English

aquila aquilae N C :: eagle; gable/pediment; kind of fish (eagle-ray?)
aquila aquila aquilae N F :: silver eagle on pole, standard of a legion; legion; post of standard-bearer