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decem

Μή, φίλα ψυχά, βίον ἀθάνατον σπεῦδε, τὰν δ' ἔμπρακτον ἄντλει μαχανάν -> Oh! my soul do not aspire to eternal life, but exhaust the limits of the possible
Pindar, Pythian, 3.61f.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

dĕcem: (DEKEM, Corp. Inscr. Lat. 1, 844 al.—The best MSS. and editt. vacillate often between the word and its sign X),
I num. [Sanscr. and Zend, daçan, Gr. δέκα, Old H. Germ. zëhan, Germ. zehn, Eng. ten, ten.
I Prop.: decem minae, Ter. Ph. 4, 3, 57 and 58: hominum milia decem, Caes. B. G. 1, 4; 7, 21: fundi decem et tres, Cic. Rose. Am. 7, 20; cf. id. ib. 35, 99: milia passuum decem novem, Caes. B. G. 1, 8; Tac. H. 2, 58.—
   B Decem primi (separated thus in the inscrr.), or in one word, Dĕcemprīmi, ōrum, m., the heads or presidents of the ten decuriae which usually formed the senate in an Italian city or Roman colony (afterwards called decaproti, v. h. v.): magistratus et decem primi, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 67; id. Rosc. Am. 9, 25; Inscr. Orell. 642 and 1848. Their dignity was termed dĕcem-prīmātus, ūs, m. (also decaprotia, v. h. v.), Dig. 50, 4, 1.—
II Meton., for an indefinite, round number: si decem habeas linguas, mutum esse addecet, Plaut. Bac. 1, 2, 20; id. Merc. 2, 3, 11; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 25: habebat saepe ducentos, Saepe decem servos, etc., id. S. 1, 3, 12: cf.: decies.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

dĕcĕm,⁸ ind. (δέκα), dix : Cic., Cæs., etc. || dix [= un nombre indéterminé] : Pl. Bacch. 128 ; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 25.

Latin > German (Georges)

decem (altind. dáça, griech. δέκα, gotisch taíhun, ahd. zehan), I) zehn, decem minae, Ter.: hominum milia decem, Caes.: exsilium decem annorum, Nep.: decem annorum peccata, Cic.: fundi decem et tres od. tres et decem, Cic.: ducenta decem quattuor milia hominum, Liv.: anni septem et decem, Plaut.: stipendium annorum decem septemque, Nep.: decem septem milia equitum, Liv.: septem decem anni, Liv.: dies decem et octo, Caes.: decem octo milia, Liv.: sociûm et Latini nominis mille decem et novem, Liv.: milia passuum decem novem, Caes.: nostri decem (die Zehn) fecerunt antiquum numerum, Vitr. – decem dies, unser »acht Tage«, Plaut. (s. Brix Plaut. trin. 402). – decem primi s. bes. – II) meton., für eine unbestimmte runde Zahl, si decem habeas linguas, Plaut. Bacch. 128: animi decem in pectore incerti certant, Plaut. merc. 345: dives amicus, saepe decem vitiis instructior, odit et horret, Hor. ep. 1, 18, 25.

Latin > English

decem decimus -a -um, deni -ae -a, decie(n)s NUM :: ten; (ten men)