Ask at the forum if you have an Ancient or Modern Greek query!

impotens

Φοβοῦ τὸ γῆρας, οὐ γὰρ ἔρχεται μόνον -> Fear old age, for it never comes alone
Menander

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

impŏtens: (inp-), entis, adj. 2. in-potens,
I powerless, impotent, weak, feeble (class.).
I In gen.
   (a)    Absol.: neque homini infanti aut impotenti injuste facta conducunt, Cic. Fin. 1, 16, 52: ad opem impotentium, id. Mur. 28, 59; cf. Sall. Or. Licin.: (Juno) inulta cesserat impotens Tellure, Hor. C. 2, 1, 26.—
   (b)    With gen., having no power over, not master of, unable to control: gens impotens rerum suarum, Liv. 9, 14, 5; cf.: equi impotentes regendi, id. 35, 11, 10: ob sitim impotentes sui, Curt. 4, 7: impotens irae, Liv. 29, 9, 9: laetitiae, id. 30, 42, 17: amoris, Tac. H. 4, 44: doloris, Val. Max. 4, 6, 2: animi, Curt. 8, 1 fin. al. —
II In partic., that is not master of himself, unbridled, headstrong, violent, insolent, immoderate, excessive, furious (syn.: effrenatus, infrenus).
   A Of animated beings: mea (amica) est impotens, procax, Ter. Heaut. 2, 1, 15: victoria eos ipsos ferociores impotentioresque reddit, Cic. Fam. 4, 9, 3: impotens, iracundus, etc., id. Phil. 5, 9, 24: homo impotentissim us, ardens odio, id. ib. 5, 16, 42: confidens, impotens, etc., id. ib. 11, 7, 16: Marius immodicus gloriae, insatiabilis, impotens, Vell. 2, 11, 1: si contra impotentem suscepta est causa, Quint. 6, 1, 12: ferox atque impotens mulier, Suet. Ner. 28: inimici, id. Claud. 15: militibus impotens, violent, despotic towards the soldiers, Just. 26, 3.—
   (b)    Poet. with inf.: (regina) quidlibet impotens Sperare, Hor. C. 1, 37, 10.—
   B Of inanim. and abstr. things: quae effrenatio impotentis animi! Cic. Phil. 5, 8, 22; cf.: aut nullos animi motus aut non tam impotentes fuisse, id. Part. Or. 35, 119: laetitia, id. Tusc. 5, 7, 17: impotentissimus dominatus, id. Fam. 10, 27, 1: in multo impotentiorem subito rabiem accensi, Liv. 29, 9, 6: impotentissimae cogitationes (invidiae, avaritiae, etc.), Quint. 12, 1, 6: actiones, id. 5, 13, 21: superstitio (with saeva), Curt. 4, 10: postulatum, Liv. 7, 41, 8: jussa mulierum (with pervicacia), Tac. A. 3, 33: injuria, Liv. 38, 56, 11: amor, Cat. 35, 12: Aquilo, Hor. C. 3, 30, 3; cf. freta, Cat. 4, 18.— Hence, adv.: impŏtenter.
   1    (Acc. to I.) Powerlessly, weakly (very rare): elephantos impotentius regi, Liv. 27, 48, 11.— More freq., but perh. not anteAug.,
   2    (Acc. to II.) Passionately, violently, intemperately: aliquid facere, Quint. 1, 3, 13: dicere aliquid, id. 6, 3, 83: uti magna potentia, Sen. Ep. 42: flagitare divisionem agrorum divitum, Just. 16, 4: regnare, Auct. B. Alex. 33. — Sup.: quae impotentissime fecit, Sen. Ben. 4, 17.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

impŏtēns,¹⁰ entis (in et potens),
1 impuissant, faible : homo Cic. Fin. 1, 52, homme sans puissance, sans crédit ; impotentes Cic. Mur. 59, les faibles
2 [avec gén.] qui n’est pas maître de : gens impotens rerum suarum Liv. 9, 14, 5, nation incapable de se gouverner ; regendi equi Liv. 35, 11, 10, incapable de diriger sa monture ; iræ Liv. 29, 9, 9, qui n’est pas maître de sa colère || [poét.] quidlibet impotens sperare Hor. O. 1, 37, 10, qui ne peut s’empêcher d’espérer n’importe quoi (aux désirs effrénés)
3 qui n’est pas maître de soi, effréné, immodéré, déchaîné, emporté : homo impotentior, impotentissimus Cic. Fam. 4, 9, 3 ; Phil. 5, 42, homme plus emporté, très emporté ; impotens lætitia Cic. Tusc. 5, 17, joie immodérée ; rabies Liv. 29, 9, 6, fureur aveugle ; impotentissimus dominatus Cic. Fam. 10, 27, 1, pouvoir arbitraire, tyrannique ; impotens postulatum Liv. 7, 41, 8, demande outrecuidante, exigence abusive.

Latin > German (Georges)

im-potēns (in-potēns), entis, Abl. ente u. entī, I) nicht mächtig, ohnmächtig, schwach, homo, Cic.: cesserat impotens tellure, Hor. – Plur. subst., impotentēs, ium, m., die Schwachen, Cic. – II) eines Ggstds. nicht mächtig, -nicht Herr, A) im allg., m. Genet., equi regendi, Liv.: suarum rerum, sich selbst nicht regieren könnend, Liv.: irae, Liv.: laetitiae, Liv.: mit Infin., quid libet sperare, vermessen hoffend, Hor. carm. 1, 37, 10. – B) prägn., unfähig, seine Leidenschaften (bes. Ehrgeiz u. Herrschsucht) zu beherrschen, leidenschaftlich, unbändig, zügellos, übermütig, herrschsüchtig, despotisch, a) eig.: homo, Cic. u.a.: animus, Ter. u. Cic.: impotens militibus, übermütig, despotisch gegen usw., Iustin.: mea (amica) est impotens, procax, Ter. heaut. 227 Fl. (Wagner petens). – victoria eos ipsos ferociores impotentioresque reddit, Cic.: homo impotentissimus, Cic. – b) übtr., v. Lebl., α) v. Konkr., rasend, wild, aquilo, Hor.: bruma, Mart.: impotentia freta, wilde Fluten, Catull. – β) v. Abstr., zügellos, übertrieben, maßlos, dominatio, Nep.: iniuria, crudelitas, rabies, Liv.: laetitia, postulatum, Cic. – in multo impotentiorem rabiem subito accensi, Liv. – impotentissimus dominatus, Cic.: impotentissima dominatio, Liv.

Latin > English

impotens (gen.), impotentis ADJ :: powerless, impotent, wild, headstrong; having no control (over), incapable (of)