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strenuus

τύμβος, ὦ νυμφεῖον, ὦ κατασκαφής οἴκησις αἰείφρουρος, οἷ πορεύομαι πρὸς τοὺς ἐμαυτῆς -> Tomb, bridal chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither I go to find mine own.
Sophocles, Antigone, 883

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

strēnuus: a, um, adj. root in Gr. στερεός, firm, hard; cf. sterilis, and Germ. starren,
I brisk, nimble, quick, prompt, active, vigorous, strenuous.
I Of persons (freq. and class.; syn.: fortis, alacer, agilis): mercator strenuus, Cato, R. R. praef. § 3; cf.: vilicus strenuior, Lucil. ap. Prisc. p. 601 P. (Sat. 16, 5): strenui nimio plus prosunt populi quam arguti et cati, Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 12: homo, Ter. Phorm. 3, 1, 12: multi alii ex Trojā strenui viri, Naev. 1, 17: strenuior (opp. deterior), Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 10: viri fortissimi et milites strenuissimi, Cato, R. R. praef. § 4; cf. Cic. Phil. 2, 32, 78: strenuus et fortis, Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 46; Liv. 21, 4, 4: imperator in proeliis strenuus et fortis, Quint. 12, 3, 5: strenui ignavique in victoriā idem audent, Tac. H. 2, 14 fin.; so (opp. ignavus) id. ib. 4, 69; (opp. iners) id. ib. 1, 46; Sall. C. 61, 7; 51, 16: noli me tam strenuum putare, ut ad Nonas recurram, Hirt. ap. Cic. Att. 15, 6, 2: Graeci, gens linguā magis strenua quam factis, Liv. 8, 22, 8; Tac. H. 3, 57: quodsi cessas aut strenuus anteis, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 70 et saep.—With gen.: strenuus militiae, Tac. H. 3, 42.—
   B Restless, turbulent (post-Aug.): multi in utroque exercitu, sicut modesti quietique, ita mali et strenui, Tac. H. 1, 52: strenuus in perfidiā, id. ib. 3, 57.—
II Transf., of things (not in class. prose): operam reipublicae fortem atque strenuam perhibere, Cato ap. Gell. 3, 7, 19; cf. Plaut. ib. 7, 7, 3: adulescens strenuā facie, id. Rud. 2, 2, 8: manus (chirurgi), nimble, quick, dexterous, Cels. 7 praef. med.: corpus, Gell. 3, 1, 12: navis, Ov. Tr. 1, 10, 34: strenua nos exercet inertia, busy idleness, Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 28: transiliebant in vehicula strenuo saltu, Curt. 9, 3, 15: toxica, quick, speedy, Col. 10, 18: remedium, Curt. 3, 6, 2: causa tam strenuae mortis, id. 9, 8, 20.—Hence, adv.: strē-nuē, briskly, quickly, promptly, actively, strenuously: strenue quod volumus ostendere factum, celeriuscule dicemus, at aliud otiose, retardabimus, Auct. Her. 3, 14, 24: aliquid facere, Plaut. Mil. 2, 5, 48: converrite scopis, agite strenue, id. Fragm. ap. Charis. p. 195 P.: abi prae strenue ac aperi fores, Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 13: arma capere, Cic. Rab. Perd. 10, 30: aedificare domum, id. Q. Fr. 2, 4, 2: praesto fuit sane strenue, id. Fam. 14, 5, 1.—Without a verb: Da. Jam hercle ego illum nominabo. Tr. Euge strenue, Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 59; id. Ps. 1, 5, 94.— Sup.: per hos strenuissime omnia bella confecta, Veg. Mil. 1, 17.—Comp. seems not to occur.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

strēnuus,¹⁰ a, um,
1 diligent, actif, agissant, vif, empressé : Cato Agr. præf. 3 ; Sall. C. 51, 16 ; 61, 7 ; Liv. 8, 28, 8 ; si minus fortis, at tamen strenuus Cic. Phil. 2, 78, sinon brave, du moins agissant, empressé, cf. Cic. Phil. 8, 11 || [avec gén.] militiæ Tac. H. 3, 43, soldat actif
2 remuant, turbulent : Tac. H. 1, 52
3 [en parl. de choses] : perhibere rei publicæ operam fortem atque strenuam Cat. d. Gell. 3, 7, 19, se consacrer à l’État de façon énergique et active ; strenua facie Pl. Rud. 314, avec une figure décidée ; strenua inertia Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 28, agitation stérile || strenuior Lucil. Sat. 533 ; Pl. Epid. 447 ; -uissimus Cato Agr. præf. 4 ; Sall. C. 61, 7.

Latin > German (Georges)

strēnuus, a, um (vgl. στρηνος, Kraft, στρηνής, kräftig), voll rüstiger Tatkraft, betriebsam, tüchtig in seinen Geschäften, unternehmend, entschlossen, hurtig, munter, tätig, wacker, brav (Ggstz. iners, ignavus, imbellis, timidus), a) eig., v. Pers. (oft verb. mit fortis [[[tüchtig]]], s. Fabri Sall. Cat. 51, 16 u. Liv. 21, 4, 4. Heräus Tac. hist. 2, 86, 8): α) im guten Sinne: mercator, Cato: vir fortis ac strenuus, Nep.: fortis ac strenuus socius (Bundesgenosse), Liv.: strenuus et fortis, Hor.: nunc i, rem strenuus auge! mach' brav gute Geschäfte! Hor.: iners pro strenuo in manipulum redibat, Tac. – m. Abl., strenuus bello, ein tüchtiger (wackerer) Kriegsmann, Tac.: manu fortis et bello strenuus, Nep.: strenuus manu, ein tüchtiger Haudegen, Tac. u. Iustin.: strenuus ingressu, Ruf. Fest.: gens linguā magis strenua quam factis, Liv.: obeundis proeliis strenui et sagittis eminus vel ensibus comminus, Apul. flor. 6. p. 6, 12 Kr. – m. Genet., strenuus militiae, ein tüchtiger Kriegsmann, Tac. hist. 3, 43 in. (aber Capit. Clod. Albin. 13, 2 Peter armorum sciens prorsus). – m. in u. Abl., itidem in hac re ut in aliis strenuus homo, Ter.: imperator in proeliis strenuus et fortis, Quint. – Compar., vilicus paulo strenuior si evaserit, Lucil. 532: u. so strenuior, Ggstz. deterior, Plaut. Epid. 442 G. – Superl., vir strenuissimus, Eutr.: viri fortissimi et milites strenuissimi, Cato: strenuissimus quisque aut occĭderat in proelio etc., Sall.: sumi bellum etiam ab ignavis strenuissimique cuiusque periculo geri, Tac. (vgl. Neue-Wagener Formenl.3 2, 203). – β) in üblen Sinne, unternehmend, multi in utroque exercitu sicut modesti quietique, ita mali et strenui, Tac. hist. 1, 52: neque fidei constans neque strenuus in perfidia, Tac. hist. 3, 57. – b) übtr., v. lebl. Subjj.: navis, Ov.: corpus, Gell.: manus, Cels.: toxicum, stark wirkendes, starkes, drastisches, Colum.: u. so remedium, Curt.: mors, rascher, Curt.: inertia, geschäftiger Müßiggang, Hor.: militia, Tüchtigkeit im Kriegsdienste, Eutr.

Latin > English

strenuus strenua, strenuum ADJ :: active, vigorous, strenuous