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throw

Ἦθος ἀνθρώπῳ δαίμων -> A man's character is his fate
Heraclitus, fr. B 119 Diels

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

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verb transitive

P. and V. βάλλειν, ῥίπτειν, ἀφιέναι, μεθιέναι (rare P.), Ar. and V. ἱέναι, V. δικεῖν (2nd aor.), ἰάπτειν.

throw in wrestling: Ar. and P. καταπαλαίειν (the passage in Eur., Iphigenia in Aulis 1013, is doubtful), P. and V. καταβάλλειν.

trip up: P. ὑποσκελίζειν.

throw a rider): P. and V. ἀναχαιτίζειν, Ar. and P. ἀποσείεσθαι (Xen.), P. ἀναβάλλειν (Xen.).

throw the javelin: P. and V. ἀκοντίζειν.

throw about: Ar. and P. διαρριπτεῖν (Xen.).

throw around: P. and V. περιβάλλειν, Ar. and V. ἀμφιτιθέναι, V. ἀμφιβάλλειν.

throw aside: P. and V. ἀποβάλλειν, ἐκβάλλειν, ἀπορρίπτειν, μεθιέναι, ἀφιέναι, V. ἐκρίπτειν.

lose wilfully: P. and V. ἀποβάλλειν, P. προΐεσθαι.

reject: P. and V. ἀπωθεῖν; (or mid.), παρωθεῖν (or mid.), διωθεῖσθαι; see reject.

throw away: P. and V. ἀποβάλλειν, ἀπορρίπτειν; see throw aside.

throw back the head: P. and V. ἀνακύπτειν (Eur., Cyclops 212, also Ar.).

his head is thrown back. V. κάρα… ὑπτιάζεται (Soph.., Philebus 822).

throw down: P. and V. καταβάλλειν, V. καταρρίπτειν.

throw down one's arms: P. and V. ὅπλα ἀφιέναι.

throw down upon: V. ἐγκατασκήπτειν; (τί τινι)., ἐπεμβάλλειν (τι).

bring low: P. and V. καθαιρεῖν; see also upset.

be thrown from a chariot: V. ἐκκυλίνδεσθαι (gen.) (Soph., Oedipus Rex 812).

throw in or into: P. and V. εἰσβάλλειν, ἐμβάλλειν; see also insert.

throw fire into: P. and V. πῦρ ἐνιέναι εἰς (acc.).

throw oneself into: P. and V. εἰσπίπτειν; (P. εἰς, V. dat. alone); see rush into.

throw in one's lot with: P. συνίστασθαι (dat.), P. and V. ἵστασθαι μετά (gen.).

throw into (a state of feeling): P. and V. καθιστάναι εἰς (acc.).

throw into confusion: P. and V. συγχεῖν, ταράσσειν, συνταράσσειν; see confound.

throw in one's teeth: P. and V. ὀνειδίζειν; (τί τινι).

throw off (clothes): P. and V. ἐκδύεσθαι, Ar. and P. ἀποδύεσθαι.

throw away: P. and V. ἀποβάλλειν, ἐκβάλλειν.

reject: P. and V. ἀπωθεῖν; (or mid.), παρωθεῖν (or mid.); see reject.

Met., throw off a feeling, etc.: P. and V. ἀφιέναι, μεθιέναι.

shake off, met.: Ar. and P. ἀποσείεσθαι (plat, gorg. 484A).

throw off the yoke of: use P. and V. ἀφίστασθαι; (gen.) (lit., revolt from), or use be rid of, see rid.

throw on: P. and V. ἐπιβάλλειν; (τί τινι).

throw blame on: P. αἰτίαν ἀνατιθέναι (dat.); see impute.

throw oneself on (another's mercy, etc.): P. παρέχω ἑαυτόν, παρέχειν ἑαυτόν (lit., yield oneself up).

throw out: P. and V. ἐκβάλλειν, ἀποβάλλειν; see cast out.

be thrown out: P. and V. ἐκπίπτειν, V. ἐκπίτνειν.

reject: P. and V. ἀπωθεῖν; (or mid.), παρωθεῖν (or mid.).

throw out a proposal, vote against a proposal: Ar. and P. ἀποχειροτονεῖν.

throw out (words): P. and V. ἐκβάλλειν, V. ῥίπτειν, ἐκρίπτειν, ἀπορρίπτειν.

throw over, throw round: P. and V. περιβάλλειν, V. ἀμφιβάλλειν.

Met., betray: P. and V. προδιδόναι.

fling away: P. προΐεσθαι; see resign.

throw round: P. and V. περιβάλλειν, V. ἀμφιβάλλειν, Ar. and V. ἀμφιτιθέναι.

throw as a defence: P. προσπεριβάλλειν.

throw up: P. and V. ἀναδιδόναι; (Eur., Fragment), ἀνιέναι.

cast ashore: P. and V. ἐκφέρω, ἐκφέρειν, V. ἐκβάλλειν; see under ashore.

cast up in one's teeth: P. and V. ὀνειδίζειν; (τί τινι).

throw up earth: P. ἀναβάλλειν χοῦν (Thuc., 4, 90), P. and V. χοῦν.

they proceeded to throw up an embankment against the city: P. χῶμα ἔχουν πρὸς τὴν πόλιν (Thuc. 2, 75).

these are the defences I threw up to protest Attica: P. ταῦτα προὐβαλόμην πρὸ τῆς Ἀττικῆς (Dem. 325).

Met., throw up (a post, etc.): P. and V. ἐξίστασθαι; (gen.), ἀφίστασθαι (gen.); see resign.

throw upon: see throw on, throw down upon.

throw oneself upon: attack.

substantive

P. ῥῖψις, ἡ.

range: P. and V. βολή, ἡ.

throw of the dice: V. βολή, ἡ, βλῆμα, τό.

day by day you make your throw adventuring war against the Argives: V. ἡμέραν δ' ἐξ ἡμέρας ῥίπτεις κυβεύων τὸν πρὸς Ἀργείους Ἀρη (Eur., Rhesus 445).

I trust that it (the people) will yet throw a different cast of the dice: V. ἔτ' αὐτὸν ἄλλα βλήματ' ἐν κύβοις βαλεῖν πέποιθα (Eur., Supp. 330).

throw of a quoit: V. δίσκημα, τό (Soph., Fragment).

throw in wrestling: P. and V. πάλαισμα, τό.

if you be matched and receive a fatal throw: V. εἰ παλαισθεὶς πτῶμα θανάσιμον πεσεῖ (Eur., Electra 686).