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urbanus

Οὔτοι συνέχθειν, ἀλλὰ συμφιλεῖν ἔφυν -> I was not born to hate, but to love.
Sophocles, Antigone 523

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

urbānus: a, um, adj. urbs,
I of or belonging to the city or town, city-, town- (opp. rusticus; cf.: urbicus, oppidanus).
I Lit.
   A Adj.: nostri majores non sine causā praeponebant rusticos Romanos urbanis, Varr. R. R. 2, praef. § 1: rustica et urbana vita, id. ib. 3, 1, 1: vita (opp. rustica), Quint. 2, 4, 24; cf. Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 17: urbani assidui cives, quos scurras vocant, Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 165: scurra, id. Most. 1, 1, 14: leges, id. Rud. 4, 3, 85: tribus, Cic. de Or. 1, 9, 38: praetor, Caes. B. C. 3, 20: plebes, Sall. C. 37, 4: servitia, id. ib. 24, 4: exercitus, Liv. 27, 3, 9: administratio rei publicae (opp. provincialis), Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 15, § 43: res, Plaut. Cas. 1, 13; Caes. B. G. 7, 6: motus, id. ib. 7, 1: luxus, Tac. A. 2, 44: praedia, land and houses, all land covered by buildings (v. praedium), Dig. 50, 16, 198; 8, 1, 1; cf. ib. 8, tit. 2: fundus, Cato, R. R. 8, 2: rus, Just. 31, 2: cohortes, Dig. 25, 1, 8, § 9.—
   2    Subst.: urbā-nus, i, m., an inhabitant of a city, a city man, citizen: urbani fiunt rustici, Plaut. Merc. 4, 3, 15 sq.: omnes urbani, rustici, Cic. Fin. 2, 23, 77: sermo omnis non modo urbanorum, sed etiam rusticorum, id. Or. 24, 81: otiosi, Liv. 5, 20, 6: obrepere urbanis, Plin. Ep. 9, 20, 2.—
   B Esp., devoted to the city, fond of city life: diligere secessum, quem tu nimis urbanus es, nisi concupiscis, Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 29.—
II Transf., in the city fashion, in the city style, citizenlike, both in a good and a bad sense.
   A In a good sense.
   1    Polished, refined, cultivated, courteous, affable, urbane (syn.: comis, humanus): hominem non solum sapientem, verum etiam, ut nunc loquimur urbanum, Cic. Fam. 3, 8, 3; cf. Quint. 8, 3, 34 sq.; so Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 6, § 17.—
   b Transf., of plants, improved, cultivated, ornamental: sunt arborum quaedam urbaniores, quas his placet nominibus distinguere. Hae mites, quae fructu atque aliqua dote umbrarumve officio humaniusjuvant, non improbe dicantur urbanae. Plin. 16, 19, 32, § 78: acanthi topiariae et urbanae herbae, id. 22, 22, 34, § 76.—
   2    Of speech.
   a In gen., refined, polished, elegant. nice, choice: in vocibus nostrorum oratorum recinit quiddam et resonat urbanius, Cic. Brut. 46, 171: genus dicendi, Quint. 2, 8, 4: os facile, explanatum, jucundum, urbanum, id est, in quo nulla neque rusticitas neque peregrinitas resonet, id. 11, 3, 30: distinctior et urbanior et altior Cicero, Tac. Or. 18.—
   b In partic., of wit, witty, humorous, facetious: urbanus homo erit, cujus multa bene dicta responsaque erunt: et qui in sermonibus, circulis, conviviis, item in contionibus, omni denique loco ridicule commodeque dicet, Domit. Mars. ap. Quint. 6, 3, 105: dictum per se urbanum, id. 6, 3, 54: circumfertur Marcii Philippi velut urbanissimum factum atque dictum, Col. 8, 16, 3: qui est in isto genere urbanissimus, Cic. Cael. 15, 36: Romani veteres atque urbani sales, id. Fam. 9, 15, 2: homines lauti et urbani, id. Verr. 2, 1, 6, § 17: hic tibi comis et urbanus liberque videtur, witty, clever, Hor. S. 1, 4, 90: urbanus coepit haberi, id. Ep. 1, 15, 27: in senatu dicax et urbanus et bellus, Plin. Ep. 4, 25, 3: urbanos qui illa censuerunt dicam an miseros? Dicerem urbanos, si senatum deceret urbanitas, id. ib. 8, 6, 3.—
   B In a bad sense, bold, forward, impudent: frontis ad urbanae descendi praemia, Hor. Ep. 1, 9, 11: audacia, Cic. Prov. Cons. 4, 8.—Adv.: urbānē (acc. to II. A.).
   1    Courteously, civilly, affably, politely, urbanely: severe et graviter et prisce agere, an remisse ac leniter et urbane, Cic. Cael. 14, 33: urbanius agere, id. ib. 15, 36: urbanissime et prudentissime adjuvit, Treb. Gallien. 14.—More freq.,
   2    Of speech, wittily, acutely, elegantly, happily: aliquem facete et urbane ridere, Cic. Fin. 1, 11, 39: bene et urbane dicere, Quint. 6, 3, 42; 5, 7, 26; 6, 1, 46 al.: interrogare, id. 11, 3, 126: emendare, id. 8, 3, 54: urbanius elabi, id. 2, 11, 2: urbanissime respondere, Gell. 15, 5, 3.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) urbānus,⁸ a, um,
1 de la ville, urbain : Varro R. 2, pr. 1 ; 3, 1, 1 ; urbanæ tribus Cic. de Or. 1, 38, tribus urbaines ; prætor urbanus Cæs. C. 3, 20, préteur urbain ; urbanæ res Cæs. G. 7, 6, 1, la situation à Rome || urbānus, ī, m., un citadin, habitant de la ville : Cic. Fin. 2, 77 ; Or. 81 ; Liv. 5, 20, 6
2 [fig.] qui caractérise la ville ou l’habitant de la ville : a) in vocibus nostrorum oratorum resonat quiddam urbanius Cic. Br. 171, dans le son des paroles de nos orateurs il y a un accent qui est plus spécialement de notre ville, qui rappelle Rome ; b) poli, de bon ton, plein d’urbanité : Cic. Fam. 3, 8, 3 ; Verr. 2, 1, 17 ; urbanissimus Cic. Cæl. 36 || [en parl. de plantes] cultivé, bien soigné : Plin. 16, 78 ; c) spirituel, fin : Domit. d. Quint. 6, 3, 105 ; Cic. Fam. 9, 15, 2 ; Hor. S. 1, 4, 90 || plaisant : Hor. Ep. 1, 15, 27 ; d) = hardi, qui a de l’aplomb : frons urbana Hor. Ep. 1, 9, 11, l’aplomb de la ville, cf. Cic. Prov. 8.

Latin > German (Georges)

urbānus, a, um (urbs), zur Stadt (bes. zu Rom) gehörig, städtisch, in (bei) der Stadt, Stadt- (Ggstz. rusticus), I) eig.: suffragatio, der städtischen Bevölkerung (Ggstz. militaris), Cic.: sermo, der Städter (Ggstz. rusticus, der Bauern), Liv.: vita, Cic.: audacia (Ggstz. provincialis), Cic.: tribus, Cic.: praetor, der in Rom zwischen röm. Bürgern Recht spricht, Cic. u. Caes. (s. praetor): exercitus, aus röm. Bürgern bestehend, Liv.: populus (Ggstz. exercitus), Nep.: plebes u. plebs, Sall. u. Sen.: insidiae, Cic.: consilium, der Beschluß innerer Politik, Cic.: praedium, ein Landgut bei der Stadt, auch auf städtische Art eingerichtet, Cic.: so auch rus, Iustin.: fundus, Cato: cohortes, zu Rom in Garnison stehende, ICt. – subst., urbānī, ōrum, m., die Stadtbewohner, Städter, Cic. u.a. – II) meton., nach städtischer Weise, städtisch, 1) im guten Sinne: a) feinstädtisch, fein im Benehmen, gebildet, homo, ein Weltmann, Cic. ep. 3, 8, 3: urbani (vornehme) assidui cives, Plaut. trin. 202. – übtr., von Gewächsen, veredelt, herba, Plin.: arbores urbaniores, Plin. – b) von der Rede, fein, gebildet, gewählt, quiddam resonat urbanius, Cic.: os facile (in pronuntiando) et urbanum, Quint. – c) fein, geistreich im Witze, -Scherze, witzig, scherzhaft, homines lepidi et urbani, Cic.: homo urbanissimus, Cic.: u. urbanissimus homo, Sen. rhet.: sermo, Cic.: sales, Cic. – subst., der Witzbold, Hor. ep. 1, 15, 27. – 2) im üblen Sinne, dreist, unverschämt, frons, Hor. ep. 1, 9, 11 (Ggstz. pudor subrusticus, Cic. ep. 5, 12, 1).

Latin > English

urbanus urbana, urbanum ADJ :: of the city; courteous; witty, urbane
urbanus urbanus urbani N M :: city wit, urbane man