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trichiasis

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a
Full diacritics: τρῐχίᾱσις Medium diacritics: τριχίασις Low diacritics: τριχίασις Capitals: ΤΡΙΧΙΑΣΙΣ
Transliteration A: trichíasis Transliteration B: trichiasis Transliteration C: trichiasis Beta Code: trixi/asis

English (LSJ)

εως, ἡ,

   A a disease of the eyelids, when they are introverted, and the lashes irritate the eye (opp. ἐκτρόπιον), Gal.19.437, Sever. ap. Aët. 7.68.    II a disease of the urethra, when the urine is full of small hair-like substances, Gal.17(2).768.    III a disease in the breasts of women giving suck, such that the nipples crack into fine fissures, Erot.    2 a fissure, scratch in a bone, Pall.in Hp.Fract. 12.273 C., [Gal.]14.782.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

trĭchĭăsis: is, f., = τριχίασις,>
I a disease of the eyelids, when the lashes grow inside, Veg. Vet. 2, 15.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

trĭchĭăsis, is, f. (τριχίασις), trichiase, maladie de la paupière : Veg. Mul. 2, 15, 1.

Latin > German (Georges)

trichiāsis, is, f. (τριχίασις), die Einwärtskehrung der Augenwimpern, eine Augenkrankheit, Veget. mul. 3, 15, 1.

Dutch > Greek

trichiasis = τρίχωσις

(Translation based on the reversal of Mijnwoordenboek's Ancient Greek to Dutch dictionary)

Greek (Liddell-Scott)

τρῐχίᾱσις: ἡ, νόσος τῶν βλεφάρων καθ’ ἣν στρέφονται πρὸς τὰ ἐντὸς αἱ βλεφαρίδες καὶ ἐρεθίζουσι τὸν ὀφθαλμὸν (ἀντίθετ. τῷ ἐκτρόπιον), Γαλην. ΙΧ, (2), 186D, πρβλ. τρίχωσις. ΙΙΙ. νόσος τῆς οὐρήθρας, καθ’ ἣν τὰ οὖρα εἶναι πλήρη μικρῶν τριχοειδῶν πραγμάτων, Γαλην. ΙΙΙ. νόσος τῶν γυναικείων μαστῶν ὅταν θηλάζωνται, ὅτε ἡ θηλὴ διασχίζεται εἰς λεπτὰς ἀποσχάσεις, «τριχίασις λέγεται ἡ περὶ τοὺς μαστοὺς ἀπόσχασις» (διάφ. γραφ. ἀπόσ?ασις) Ἐρωτιαν. 368. 2) μικρὸν σχάσμα τοῦ κρανίου, Παῦλ. Αἰγιν. 6, 9. - Πρβλ. Foës. Oecon.

Wikipedia EN

Trichiasis (/trɪkiˈeɪsɪs/ trik-ee-AY-sis, /trɪˈkaɪəsɪs/ tri-KEYE-ə-sis) a medical term for abnormally positioned eyelashes that grow back toward the eye, touching the cornea or conjunctiva. This can be caused by infection, inflammation, autoimmune conditions, congenital defects, eyelid agenesis and trauma such as burns or eyelid injury. It is the leading cause of infectious blindness in the world. Standard treatment involves removal or destruction of the affected eyelashes with electrology, specialized laser, or surgery. In many cases, removal of the affected eyelashes with forceps resolves the symptoms, although the problem often recurs in a few weeks when the eyelashes regrow. Severe cases may cause scarring of the cornea and lead to vision loss if untreated. Mild cases may not require treatment.

Wikipedia DE

Trichiasis (altgriechisch τριχίασις von τριχίασ trichias ‚Haariger‘ zu θρίξ thrix ‚Haar‘) ist schon bei Galen der medizinische Fachausdruck für ein Wimpernscheuern, das Reiben von Wimpern auf der Hornhaut oder der Bindehaut des Auges. Ursache kann ein fehlgerichtetes Wachstum einzelner Wimpern oder einer ganzen Wimpernreihe sein, wie bei der Distichiasis, aber auch eine Einwärtswendung des Lids. Dabei kann das vermehrte Zukneifen des Auges als Reaktion auf den Reiz die Einwärtswendung im Sinne eines circulus vitiosus weiter verstärken.

Wikipedia ES

La triquiasis es una enfermedad ocular que consiste en una alteración de las pestañas, las cuales crecen de forma anómala en dirección al ojo, lo que ocasiona que rocen con la córnea y la conjuntiva, provocando lagrimeo, erosiones, irritación e incluso úlceras corneales. El borde del párpado tiene una posición normal, a diferencia de lo que ocurre en el entropión, donde el borde del párpado está plegado hacia el interior del ojo.

Wikipedia FR

Un trichiasis est une inflexion des cils vers l'œil, ce qui provoque une irritation de la cornée. Il peut être congénital ou acquis. Il est généralement associé à un entropion (bascule du bord de la paupière vers l'intérieur de l'œil), parfois lié à l'âge.

Wikipedia PT

A triquíase é uma doença que consiste no desvio do crescimento das pestanas para dentro, ou seja, em direcção ao globo ocular. Pode ser congénito ou adquirido e a pálpebra normalmente conserva a sua posição normal. A consequência mais comum é a irritação permanente da conjuntiva bulbar e da córnea, podendo resultar em conjuntivite ou ceratite.

Wikipedia RU

Трихиаз (новолат. trichíasis, от др.-греч. θρίξ, род. падеж τριχός — волос) — аномальный рост ресниц в сторону глазного яблока, вызывающий раздражение и травмы роговицы.