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Italia

Γελᾷ δ' ὁ μωρός, κἄν τι μὴ γέλοιον ᾖ -> The fool laughs even when there's nothing to laugh at
Menander

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Ītălĭa: ae, f. for Vitalia from vitulus; cf. ἰταλός,> from the abundance and excellence of its cattle; v. Gell. 11, 1, 1,
I Italy, Caes. B. C. 1, 6, 3; Verg. A. 1, 263; Plin. 3, 5, 6, § 38; 37, 13, 77, § 201 et saep.— In apposition: Italia terra, Cato ap. Gell. 3, 6.—
   B Transf., the inhabitants of Italy: totam Italiam esse effusam, Cic. Deiot. 4, 11.—
II Derivv.
   A Ītălĭcus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Italy, Italian: jus habere, Plin. 3, 21, 25, § 139: triticum, id. 18, 7, 12, § 65: genus falcium, id. 18, 28, 67, § 261: oppida, Tac. A. 3, 71: coloniae, id. ib. 6, 12: legio, id. H. 1, 59: de qua (olea) Catonis Italica sententia, adapted to the climate of Italy, Plin. 17, 12, 19, § 93: bellum, the Social war, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 15: Pythagorei, qui essent Italici philosophi quondam nominati, id. de Sen. 21.— Subst.: Ītălĭcus, i, m., an Italian: Italicus es an provincialis, Plin. Ep. 9, 23; Liv. 24, 47.— Plur., Vell. 2, 16, 1. —
   B Ītălis, ĭdis, adj. f., Italian: ora, Ov. P. 2, 3, 84: matres, Mart. 11, 53.— Subst. plur.: Ītălĭdes, the Italian women, Verg. A. 11, 657.—
   C Ītălus, a, um, adj., Italian (poet. and post-class.): Italis longe disjungimur oris, Verg. A. 1, 252: terra, id. ib. 7, 643: virtus, id. ib. 12, 827: sermo, the Latin language, Arn. 4, 134. —
   2    Subst.: Ĭtălus, i, m.
   a An Italian, plur.: Itali ac Latini, Auct. Har. Resp. 9, 9; Verg. A. 1, 109; Plin. 3, 5, 10, § 71: gentes Italum (Italorum), Verg. A. 6, 92.—
   b An ancient king of Italy, from whom the country is said to have taken its name, Verg. A. 7, 178; cf. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 2; 1, 533; Hyg. Fab. 127; cf. also Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 3.

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