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Diogenes

Μή, φίλα ψυχά, βίον ἀθάνατον σπεῦδε, τὰν δ' ἔμπρακτον ἄντλει μαχανάν -> Oh! my soul do not aspire to eternal life, but exhaust the limits of the possible
Pindar, Pythian, 3.61f.

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

Διογένης, -ους, ὁ.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Dĭŏgĕnes: is, m., = Διογένης.
I Apolloniates, a celebrated Ionian philosopher, pupil of Anaximenes, Cic. N. D. 1, 12, 29.—
II The well-known Cynic philosopher of Sinope, Cic. Tusc. 1, 43, 104; id. N. D. 3, 34; id. Mur. 36 et saep.—
III A Stoic, teacher of Carneades and Laelius, Cic. Div. 1, 3, 6; id. Fin. 2, 8; id. Tusc. 4, 3; id. de Sen. 7 et saep.—
A friend of M. Caelius Rufus, Cic. Fam. 2, 12, 2; id. Cael. ib. 8, 8, 10.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

Dĭŏgĕnēs,¹¹ is, acc. em et en, m. (Διογένης),
1 Diogenes Apolloniates Cic. Nat. 1, 29, Diogène philosophe ionien, disciple d’Anaximène]
2 philosophe cynique : Cic. Tusc. 1, 104
3 surnommé le Babylonien, philosophe stoïcien : Cic. Div. 1, 6
4 peintre célèbre : Plin. 35, 40
5 ami de Cælius Rufus : Cic. Fam. 2, 12, 2.

Latin > German (Georges)

Diogenēs, is, Akk. em u. ēn, m. (Διογένης), I) D. Apolloniates, ein berühmter ionischer Philosoph, Cic. de nat. deor. 1, 29. – II) der bekannte zynische Philosoph aus Sinope, Cic. Tusc. 1, 104 u. 5, 92. Val. Max. 4, 3. ext. 4 (wo Akk. -ēn). – III) ein Stoiker, Lehrer des Karneades u. Lälius, Cic. de div. 1, 6 u.a. – IV) ein Freund des M. Cälius Rufus, Cic. ep. 2, 12, 2. Cael. in Cic. ep. 8, 8, 10 (wo Akk. -em).

Wikipedia EN

Waterhouse-Diogenes.jpg
Waterhouse-Diogenes

Diogenes (/daɪˈɒdʒɪniːz/ dy-OJ-in-eez; Ancient Greek: Διογένης, romanized: Diogénēs [di.oɡénɛ͜ɛs]), also known as Diogenes the Cynic (Διογένης ὁ Κυνικός, Diogénēs ho Kynikós), was a Greek philosopher and one of the founders of Cynic philosophy. He was born in Sinope, an Ionian colony on the Black Sea coast of modern-day Turkey, in 412 or 404 BC and died at Corinth in 323 BC.

Diogenes was a controversial figure. His father minted coins for a living, and Diogenes was banished from Sinope when he took to debasement of currency. After being exiled, he moved to Athens and criticized many cultural conventions of the city. He modelled himself on the example of Heracles, and believed that virtue was better revealed in action than in theory. He used his simple lifestyle and behavior to criticize the social values and institutions of what he saw as a corrupt, confused society. He had a reputation for sleeping and eating wherever he chose in a highly non-traditional fashion, and took to toughening himself against nature. He declared himself a cosmopolitan and a citizen of the world rather than claiming allegiance to just one place. There are many tales about his dogging Antisthenes' footsteps and becoming his "faithful hound".

Translations

ab: Диоген Синоптәи; ar: ديوجانس الكلبي; arz: ديوجانس الكلبى; ast: Dióxenes de Sinope; az: Diogen; ba: Диоген; be: Дыяген; bg: Диоген Синопски; bn: দিওগেনেস; bo: སི་ནོ་པེ་ཡིའི་དིའོ་ཇེ་ན།; bs: Diogen iz Sinope; ca: Diògenes de Sinope; cs: Díogenés ze Sinópé; cv: Диоген; da: Diogenes; de: Diogenes von Sinope; diq: Diyojen; el: Διογένης ο Κυνικός; en: Diogenes; eo: Diogeno la Cinika; es: Diógenes de Sinope; et: Diogenes; eu: Diogenes Sinopekoa; fa: دیوژن کلبی; fiu_vro: Diogenes Sinopest; fi: Diogenes Sinopelainen; fr: Diogène de Sinope; gl: Dióxenes de Sínope; he: דיוגנס; hr: Diogen iz Sinope; hu: Szinópéi Diogenész; hy: Դիոգենես Սինոպացի; id: Diogenes dari Sinope; is: Díogenes hundingi; it: Diogene di Sinope; ja: ディオゲネス; ka: დიოგენე სინოპელი; kk: Синоптық Диоген; ko: 시노페의 디오예니스; ku: Diyojenê Sînopî; ky: Диоген; la: Diogenes Cynicus; lt: Diogenas Sinopietis; lv: Diogens; mg: Diogenes of Sinope; mk: Диоген; ml: ഡയോജനസ്; nds_nl: Diogenes van Sinope; nl: Diogenes van Sinope; no: Diogenes fra Sinope; oc: Diogènes de Sinope; os: Диоген; pa: ਦੀਓਜੇਨਸ; pl: Diogenes z Synopy; pms: Diògene ëd Sinòpe; pnt: Διογένες ο Σινωπέας; ps: دیو جانس کلبی; pt: Diógenes de Sinope; ro: Diogene din Sinop; ru: Диоген; scn: Dioggini di Sinopi; sh: Diogen iz Sinope; simple: Diogenes of Sinope; sk: Diogenes zo Sinópy; sl: Diogen iz Sinope; sr: Диоген из Синопе; sv: Diogenes; th: ไดออจะนีซ; tl: Diogenes ng Sinope; tr: Diyojen; uk: Діоген Сінопський; ur: دیو جانس کلبی; uz: Diogen sinoplik; vi: Diogenes thành Sinope; war: Diogenes han Sinope; wuu: 锡诺普个第欧根尼; zh_yue: 第歐根尼; zh: 锡诺普的第欧根尼