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Latin > English

Plato Platonos/is N M :: Plato; (Greek philosopher 429-347 BC, disciple of Socrates)

Wikipedia EN

Plato (/ˈpleɪtoʊ/ PLAY-toe; Greek: Πλάτων Plátōn, pronounced in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was an Athenian philosopher during the Classical period in Ancient Greece, founder of the Platonist school of thought, and the Academy, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

He is widely considered the pivotal figure in the history of Ancient Greek and Western philosophy, along with his teacher, Socrates, and his most famous student, Aristotle. Plato has also often been cited as one of the founders of Western religion and spirituality. The so-called Neoplatonism of philosophers like Plotinus and Porphyry influenced Saint Augustine and thus Christianity. Alfred North Whitehead once noted: "the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato."

Plato was the innovator of the written dialogue and dialectic forms in philosophy. Plato is also considered the founder of Western political philosophy. His most famous contribution is the theory of Forms known by pure reason, in which Plato presents a solution to the problem of universals known as Platonism (also ambiguously called either Platonic realism or Platonic idealism). He is also the namesake of Platonic love and the Platonic solids.

His own most decisive philosophical influences are usually thought to have been along with Socrates, the pre-Socratics Pythagoras, Heraclitus and Parmenides, although few of his predecessors' works remain extant and much of what we know about these figures today derives from Plato himself. Unlike the work of nearly all of his contemporaries, Plato's entire body of work is believed to have survived intact for over 2,400 years. Although their popularity has fluctuated over the years, the works of Plato have never been without readers since the time they were written.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Plăto: or Plăton, ōnis, = Πλάτων.
I A celebrated Grecian philosopher, the disciple of Socrates, the instructor of Aristotle, and founder of the Academic philosophy, Cic. Leg. 3, 1, 1; id. Brut. 31, 121; id. Tusc. 1, 17, 39; id. Or. 3, 12: Plato divinus auctor, id. Opt. Gen. Or. 6; Sen. Ep. 6, 6, 13.—In Greek acc.: doctum Platona, Hor. S. 2, 4, 3; Petr. 2, 5.—Hence,
   B Plătōnĭcus, a, um, adj., = Πλατωνικός, of or belonging to Plato, Platonic: sublimitas, Plin. Ep. 1, 10, 5: philosophus, Gell. 15, 2, 1: homo, speaking of Cicero, Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 12, 46: ideae, Sen. Ep. 6, 6, 26.—Subst.: Plă-tōnĭci, ōrum, m., followers of the Platonic philosophy, Platonists, Cic. Off. 1, 1, 2.—
II An obscure Epicurean of Sardis, contemporary with Cicero, Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 4, § 14.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

Plătō,¹³ ōnis, m. (Πλάτων),
1 Platon [célèbre philosophe grec, disciple de Socrate] : Cic. Tusc. 1, 39
2 autre du même nom : Cic. Q. 1, 2, 14 || -nĭcus, a, um, de Platon, platonique : Q. Cic. Pet. 46 ; Sen. Ep. 58, 26 || -nĭcī, ōrum, m., les Platoniciens : Cic. Off. 1, 2.

Latin > German (Georges)

Plato (nachaugust. Platōn), ōnis, m. (Πλάτων), I) ein berühmter griechischer Philosoph, Schüler des Sokrates, Stifter der akademischen Philosophie (vgl. Academia), Cic. de legg. 3, 1. Sen. ep. 58, 13 (16) sqq. Tac. dial. 31: griech. Genet. Platonos, Gell. 14, 3, 3: griech. Akk. -ona, Hor. sat. 2, 4, 3. Petron. 2, 5. – Plur. Platones, Männer wie Plato, Gell. 14, 1, 29: griech. Akk. -onas, Sen. de tranqu. anim. 7, 5. Mart. 9, 47, 1. – Dav. Platōnicus, a, um (Πλατωνικός), platonisch, ideae, Sen.: subtilitas, Plin. ep.: philosophus, ein Platoniker, Gell.: homo, übtr. = tiefer Denker, Cic.: Plur. subst., a) Platōnicī, ōrum, m., die Platoniker, Cic. u.a. – b) Platōnica, ōrum, n., platonische Lehrsätze, philosophum quendam sibi exposuisse nonnulla Platonica, Augustin. de civ. dei 18, 18, 2. p. 279, 21 D.2 – II) ein Epikureer aus Sardes, der um das Jahr 60 v. Chr. zu Athen lebte, Cic. ad Q. fr. 1, 2, 4. § 14.


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