Ask at the forum if you have an Ancient or Modern Greek query!

divinus

Ὠς χαρίεν ἔστʹ ἄνθρωπος, ὅταν ἄνθρωπος ᾗ -> What a fine thing a human is, when truly human!
Menander, fragment 761

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

dīvīnus: a, um, adj. divus,
I of or belonging to a deity, divine (class. and very freq.).
I Prop.: divinae Matris imago, Lucr. 2, 609: numen, id. 1, 154; 4, 1233; Cic. N. D. 1, 9, 22; id. Mil. 30 fin. al.: stirps, Verg. A. 5, 711; Ov. M. 2, 633; cf. semen, id. ib. 1, 78; and, origo, Liv. 1, 15: Pergamum divina moenitum manu, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 2; cf.: non sine ope divina bellum gerere, Caes. B. G. 2, 31, 2; and: quasi divino consilio, Cic. Fam. 13, 4 fin.: stellae divinis animatae mentibus, Cic. Rep. 6, 15: divina studia colere, id. ib. 6, 18: animos hominum esse divinos, i. e., of divine origin, id. Lael. 4, 13; cf.: hoc divinum animal (homo, shortly before: quasi mortalem deum), id. Fin. 2, 13, 40: aliquis instinctus inflatusque, id. Div. 1, 6 fin.; cf.: causa divinior, id. Fin. 5, 11, 33 et saep.: condimenta, enjoyed by the gods, divine, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 37: odor (Veneris), Verg. A. 1, 403; cf. decoris, id. ib. 5, 647: ars Palladis, id. ib. 2, 15 et saep.: divinissima dona, i. e., most worthy of a deity, Cic. Leg. 2, 18: re divina facta, i. e., religious exercise, divine worship, sacrifice, etc., Plaut. Am. 3, 3, 13; in this sense res divina is very freq., id. Epid. 2, 3, 11; 3, 3, 34 et saep.; Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 7; id. Hec. 1, 2, 109; Cic. N. D. 3, 18, 47; id. Div. 2, 10; Nep. Hann. 2, 4; Plin. 18, 2, 2, § 7; Suet. Tib. 44 et saep.; less freq. in the plur. divinae res, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 81; Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 8; id. Div. 2, 10; Liv. 23, 11.—In plur. also in gen. for religious affairs, Caes. B. G. 6, 13, 4; 6, 21, 1; Cic. Div. 1, 4 fin.—Also verba, a form of prayer, Cato R. R. 14, 3: religiones (opp. fides humana), Liv. 9, 9; cf. id. 34, 31.—
   B Freq. connected with humanus as a stronger designation for all things, things of every kind, etc. (cf.: di hominesque under deus, I. B. fin.): dedunt se, divina humanaque omnia, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 102; cf. id. Trin. 2, 4, 78; Liv. 9, 14; Suet. Caes. 84: res, Cic. Lael. 6: jura, id. Rosc. Am. 23 fin.; Caes. B. C. 1, 6 fin.: scelera, Liv. 3, 19; cf. id. 29, 18 fin.: spes, id. 10, 40 et saep. But in the explanation of philosophia by scientia divinarum humanarumque rerum, the term divinae res denotes nature, physics, as distinguished from humanae res, i. e. morals, Cic. Tusc. 5, 3, 7; 4, 26, 57; id. Off. 1, 43, 153; 2, 2, 5; id. Fin. 2, 12, 37; Sen. Ep. 88; 90; Quint. 12, 2, 8; 20 al.; cf. Cic. Or. 34; Quint. 10, 1, 35.—So too in jurid. lang., divinae res signifies natural laws, in opp. to humanae res, positive laws, Cic. Sest. 42, 91; Just. Inst. 1, 1; Dig. 1, 1, 10.—dīvīnum, i, n.,
   1    The deity, τό θεῖον: divina si faverint, God willing, Pall. 1, 1, 2; Juv. 15, 144; Amm. 23, 6; id. 22, 16 fin.—
   2    The divine, that which comes from God, nihil est divino divinius, Sen. Ep. 66, 11.—
   3    That which is under the sanction of a god; hence: quicquam divini credere alicui; or simply: divini alicui credere, to believe one upon oath (ante-class.): numquam edepol tu mihi divini quicquam creduis, in, etc., Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 40: quid ei divini aut humani aequum est credere? id. Poen. 2, 1, 20: nam mihi divini numquam quisquam creduat, ni, etc., id. Bacch. 3, 3, 99; id. As. 5, 2, 4.
II Transf.
   A Divinely inspired, prophetic: aliquid praesagiens atque divinum, Cic. Div. 1, 38: animus appropinquante morte multo est divinior, etc., id. ib. 1, 30, 63; cf. id. ib. 1, 28 fin.: cum ille potius divinus fuerit, Nep. Att. 9, 1: divinarum sagacem flammarum, Sil. 3, 344: divini quicquam, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 40; cf. id. Bacch. 3, 4, 5; also joined to humani, id. As. 5, 2, 4; id. Poen. 2, 20.—Poet. of poets: vates, Hor. A. P. 400; cf.: divini pectoris carmina, Lucr. 1, 731.—With gen.: divina futuri Sententia, Hor. A. P. 218: avis imbrium imminentium, id. C. 3, 27, 10.— Subst.: dīvīnus, i, m., a soothsayer, prophet = vates, Cic. Div. 1, 58; 2, 3; id. Fat. 8; Liv. 1, 36; Hor. S. 1, 6, 114; Vulg. Deut. 18, 11 al.—In the fem.: dīvīna, ae, a prophetess, Petr. 7, 2.—
   B Like caelestis (but far more freq. in prose), godlike, superhuman, admirable, excellent: ex maxime raro genere hominum et paene divino, Cic. Lael. 18: ingenio esse divino, id. Rep. 2, 2: magni cujusdam civis et divini viri, id. ib. 1, 29; cf.: caelestes divinaeque legiones, id. Phil. 5, 11: senatus in supplicatione deneganda, id. Q. Fr. 2, 8: homo in dicendo, id. de Or. 1, 10, 40: homo, Crispus ap. Quint. 8, 5, 17: orator, Quint. 4, 3, 13 et saep.: incredibilis quaedam et divina virtus, Cic. Rep. 3, 3: fides, id. Mil. 33 fin.: admurmuratio senatus, id. Verr. 2, 5, 16: memoria, id. Ac. 2, 1, 2: eloquentia M. Tullii, Quint. 2, 16, 7: facultas eloquendi, id. 10, 1, 81: ille nitor loquendi, id. ib. 83: illa ironia, id. ib. 4, 1, 70: haec in te, Sulpici, divina sunt, Cic. de Or. 1, 29 et saep.—In the comp.: ratione nihil est in homine divinius, Cic. Fin. 5, 13 fin.; id. Par. 1, 3, 14. Under the empire an epithet often bestowed on the emperors: domus, Phaedr. 5, 8, 38: princeps, Nazar. Pan. Const. Aug. 35, 3; cf. Inscr. Orell. 277; 339: indulgentia, Dig. 1, 4, 3 et saep.—Adv.: dīvīne.
   1    (Acc. to I.) In a godlike manner, through godlike power: nunc tu divine fac huc assis Sosia, Plaut. Am. 3, 3, 21.—
   2    (Acc. to II.)
   a By divine inspiration, prophetically: plura divine praesensa et praedicta reperiri, Cic. Div. 1, 55; id. Att. 10, 4; and in the comp., id. Rep. 2, 5 Mos. —
   b In a godlike, superhuman, admirable manner, divinely: divine Plato escam malorum appellat voluptatem, Cic. de Sen. 13, 44; Quint. 1, 6, 18; 11, 1, 62.—Sup. does not occur.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) dīvīnus,⁸ a, um (divus),
1 divin, de Dieu, des dieux : animos esse divinos Cic. Læl. 13, dire que l’âme est d’essence divine ; nihil ratione divinius Cic. Nat. 1, 37, rien de plus divin [d’un caractère plus divin] que la raison ; divinissima dona Cic. Leg. 2, 45, présents tout à fait dignes des dieux ; res divina Cic. Nat. 3, 47, cérémonie religieuse, offrande, sacrifice ; res divinæ Cic. Div. 1, 7, affaires religieuses, culte, religion [ou bien Tusc. 5, 7, la nature, ou bien Sest. 91, le droit naturel] ; divina humanaque Pl. Amph. 258, toutes choses, tout sans exception ; divina scelera Liv. 3, 19, 11, crimes contre les dieux ; divina verba Cato Agr. 14, 3, formules d’expiation
2 qui devine, prophétique : Cic. Div. 1, 63 ; Nep. Att. 9, 1 || futuri Hor. P. 218, qui devine l’avenir, cf. O. 3, 27, 10
3 divin, extraordinaire, merveilleux, excellent : divinæ legiones Cic. Phil. 5, 28, admirables légions, cf. Tusc. 1, 79 ; divinus in dicendo Cic. de Or. 1, 40, qui parle divinement ; divinus fuit in supplicatione deneganda Cic. Q. 2, 6, 1, il s’est conduit divinement en refusant la supplication
4 divin [en parl. des empereurs] : divina domus Phædr. 5, 8, 38, la maison impériale, la famille des Césars
5 divinus morbus Apul. Apol. 50, épilepsie. arch. deivinus CIL 1, 756, 16.
(2) dīvīnus,¹⁴ ī, m., devin, Cic. Div. 1, 132 ; Fato 15 || diseur de bonne aventure : Hor. S. 1, 6, 114.

Latin > German (Georges)

dīvīnus, a, um, Adi. m. Compar. u. Superl. (divus), I) göttlich, Gott gehörig, ihm zukommend, auf ihn sich beziehend, von ihm herrührend, Cic.: scelera, gegen die Götter, Liv.: iura, göttliche, d.i. natürliche Gesetze, Cic.: divinum atque humanum ius, Liv.: res divina, Gottesdienst, Opfer, Komik., Cic. u.a.; ebenso res divinae, ibid.; aber res divinae auch = natürliche Dinge, d.i. Gott, die Welt u. was zu ihr gehört, im Ggstz. zu res humanae, Moral, Cic.; u. = das »Naturrecht«, im Ggstz. zu res humanae, dem positiven Rechte, Cic. u. ICt. – subst., a) dīvīnus, ī, m., Gott, Commodian. apol. 38; instr. 1, 4, 6; 1, 11, 1 u.ö. – b) dīvīnum, ī, n., das Göttliche, nihil divino divinius, caelesti caelestius, Sen. ep. 66, 11; u. das gottesdienstliche Opfer, divinum suum u. publicum, Liv. 8, 10, 13; u. (wie το θειον), das göttliche Wesen, Apul. apol. 56. – u. Plur. divina, göttliche Dinge (Ggstz. humana), Liv. praef. 7; u. göttliche Eigenschaften (Ggstz. humana, menschliche Schwäche), Cic. Tusc. 1, 65. – II) übtr.: A) von göttlicher od. höherer Eingebung erfüllt, inspiriert, weissagerisch, ahnend, a) adi., Cic. u.a.: cum ille potius divinus fuerit, er höherer Eingebung voll war, ein Seher war, Nep. – poet. m. Genet., divina futuri sententia, Hor.: avis d. imbrium imminentum, Hor. – v. Dichter usw., gottbegeistert, vates, Hor.: pectus, Lucr. – b) subst.: α) dīvīnus, ī, m., der Wahrsager, Seher, Prophet, Cic. u.a. – β) dīvīna, ae, f., die Weissagerin, Seherin, Prophetin, Petron. 7, 2. – γ) dīvīnum, ī, n., die Weissagung, divini sciens, Arnob. apol. 26. – B) göttlich, gottähnlich, a) = himmlisch, unvergleichlich, bewundernswürdig, außerordentlich, vortrefflich, herrlich, divinus ille vir, Cic.: divina studia, die edelsten aller Beschäftigungen, Cic.: nihil ratione divinius, Cic.: dona divinissima, Cic. – b) gottähnlich, erhaben, als Beiwort des Kaisers u. dessen, was ihn angeht, mens, Eutr. praef.: domus, Phaedr. 5, 7, 38: indulgentia, ICt. – C) als t.t., div. morbus (ἱερὰ νόσος), die Epilepsie, Fallsucht, Apul. apol. 50. – / arch. deivinus, Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 603, 16.

Latin > English

divinus divina -um, divinior -or -us, divinissimus -a -um ADJ :: divine, of a deity/god, godlike; sacred; divinely inspired, prophetic; natural
divinus divinus divini N M :: prophet