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perpendiculum

Τὰ πάντα ῥεῖ καὶ οὐδὲν μένει → Everything flows and nothing stands still
Heraclitus

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

perpendĭcŭlum: i, n. perpendo,
I a plummet, plumb-line.
I Lit.: non egeremus perpendiculis, non normis, non regulis, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 163, 3: ad perpendiculum columnas exigere, to examine by a plumb-line, id. Verr. 2, 1, 51, § 133: ad perpendiculum, perpendicular, perpendicularly, id. Fat. 10, 22: tigna non directa ad perpendiculum, sed prona et fastigiata, Caes. B. G. 4, 17: perpendiculo respondere (opp. habere proclinationes), Vitr. 6, 11; Plin. 35, 14, 49, § 172; Vulg. Zach. 1, 16.—
II Trop.: ad perpendiculum seque suosque habuit, Aus. Parent. 5: honestatem lenium morum velut ad perpendiculum librans, Amm. 29, 2, 16; cf. id. 21, 16, 3: velut ad perpendiculum aemulae urbes, on a strict equality, id. 14, 8, 11.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

perpendĭcŭlum,¹³ ī, n., fil à plomb : ad perpendiculum Cic. Fato 22, suivant le fil à plomb, dans une direction verticale, cf. Verr. 2, 1, 133 ; Cæs. G. 4, 17, 4 || [fig.] ad perpendiculum Aus. Parent. 5, suivant la règle.

Latin > German (Georges)

perpendiculum, ī, n. (perpendo), das Senkblei, Richtblei, das Lot, ad perpendiculum columnas exigere, Cic.: dah. ad perpendiculum, senkrecht, lotrecht, schnurgerade, Cic. u. Caes.: bildl., ad perpendiculum seque suosque habuit, nach dem Schnürchen, Auson. parent. 7, 8. p. 44 Schenkl.

Latin > English

perpendiculum perpendiculi N N :: plummet; plumbline; [ad perpendiculum => perpendicularly]