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matrimonium

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Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

mātrĭmōnĭum: ii, n. mater,
I wedlock, marriage, matrimony.
I Lit. (class.): ire in matrimonium, i. e. to be married, Plaut. Trin. 3, 3, 4: in matrimonium dare, opp. in concubinatum, id. ib. 3, 2, 65: alicujus tenere, to be one's spouse: te Q. Metelli matrimonium tenuisse sciebas, Cic. Cael. 14, 34: in matrimonium dare alicui filiam suam, to give in marriage, Caes. B. G. 1, 3: in matrimonium ducere alicujus filiam, to marry, Cic. Clu. 44, 125: in matrimonium petere sibi aliquam, to ask in marriage, Suet. Caes. 27: in matrimonium collocare, to give in marriage, Cic. Div. 1, 46, 104: in matrimonium collocare (filiam), Gai. Inst. 2, 235; 238: locare in matrimonio stabili et certo, to take in marriage, marry, id. Phil. 2, 18, 44: matrimonio uxorem exigere, to put her away, repudiate her, Plaut. Merc. 4, 6, 6; so, matrimonio exturbare, Tac. A. 11, 12: dimittere aliquam e matrimonio, to put her away, to repudiate, divorce her, Suet. Tib. 49: justum matrimonium est, si, etc., lawful marriage, Ulp. Fragm. 5, 2: non justo contractum, Gai. Inst. 1, 87.—
II Transf., in plur., married women, wives (post-Aug.): matrimonia et pecudes hostium praedae destinare, Tac. A. 2, 13 fin.; Suet. Caes. 52: severius matrimonia sua viri coercerent, Just. 3, 3; 3, 5; 18, 5: matrimonia a finitimis petita, Flor. 1, 1, 10.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

mātrĭmōnĭum,⁹ ĭī, n. (mater),
1 mariage : in matrimonium ire Pl. Trin. 732, se marier [en parl. d’une f.] ; alicujus matrimonium tenere Cic. Cæl. 34, être la femme de qqn ; alicujus m. jungere Sen. Frg. 39 Haase, marier qqn ; in matrimonium aliquam ducere Cic. Clu. 125, épouser une femme ; in matrimonium collocare Cic. Div. 1, 104 ou dare Cæs. G. 1, 3, donner en mariage, ou in matrimonio locare Cic. Phil. 2, 44
2 pl. n., femmes mariées : Tac. Ann. 2, 13 ; Suet. Cæs. 52 ; Flor. 1, 1, 10.

Latin > German (Georges)

mātrimōnium, iī, n. (mater), I) die Ehe (Ggstz. concubinatus), tenere matrimonium alcis (viri), jmds. Ehegattin sein, Cic.: contractum matrimonium solvere, Iustin.: sibi alqam in matrimonium petere, Suet.: in matrimonium ire, heiraten, Plaut.: in matrimonium alcis concedere, Iustin.: alqam in matrimonium ducere, eine heiraten, Cic.: dare alci filiam in matrimonium, Cic.: accipere alqam in matrimonium, Suet. u.a., in matrimonium regnumque (u. Thron), Tac.: alqam in matrimonium recipere, Iustin.: habere alqam in matrimonio, Cic. u. Iustin.: collocare alqam in matrimonium u. in matrimonio, verheiraten, Cic.: collocare Sabinas virgines in amplissimarum familiarum matrimoniis, Cic.: alqam sibi matrimonio iungere, Liv., coniungere, Suet.: filias suas Nabidis filiis matrimonio coniungere velle, Liv.: alicuius ante (vorher) matrimonium expertam esse, schon vorher einmal verheiratet gewesen sein, Sen.: alqam ex matrimonio expellere (verstoßen), Cic.: alqam matrimonio alcis exturbare, Tac. – II) meton., matrimonia = Ehefrauen, Tac. ann. 2, 13 u. 12, 6. Flor. 1, 1, 10. Iustin. 3, 3, 8; 3, 5, 6 u.a. Treb. Poll. trig. tyr. 6, 3. Lact. 3, 21, 4 u. epit. 38, 2. Amm. 23, 6, 76 (aber Liv. 10, 23, 6 jetzt matronis).

Latin > English

matrimonium matrimoni(i) N N :: marriage; matrimony