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calcar

Ἢ τὰν ἢ ἐπὶ τᾶς → Either with this or on this | Come back victorious or dead
Plutarch, Moralia 241

Latin > English

calcar calcaris N N :: spur (for horse); spur, incitement, stimulus; spur of a cock

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

calcar: āris, n. for carcar; cf. Sanscr. kar, wound; and Lat. calx.
I Lit., a spur as worn on the heel: calcaria dicta, quia in calce hominis ligantur, ad stimulandos equos, Isid. Orig. 20, 16, 6 (class. in prose and poetry; esp. freq. trop.): calcari quadrupedem agitare, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 118: incendere equum calcaribus, to spur one's horse, Hirt. B. G. 8, 48; so, concitare, Liv. 2, 6, 8; Curt. 7, 4, 18: stimulare, Val. Max. 3, 2, 9: subdere equo calcaria, Liv. 2, 20, 2; Curt. 3, 13, 8; 7, 2, 4: calcaribus subditis, Liv. 4, 19, 4; 4, 33, 7; Curt. 4, 16, 6: equi fodere calcaribus armos, Verg. A. 6, 881: calcaribus auferre equum, Sil. 10, 280.—
   B Trop., spur, stimulus, incitement: calcaribus ictus amoris, *Lucr. 5, 1074: dicebat Isocrates se calcaribus in Ephoro, contra autem in Theopompo frenis uti solere, Cic. de Or. 3, 9, 36: alter frenis eget, alter calcaribus, id. Att. 6, 1, 12; cf. id. Brut. 56, 204; Quint. 2, 8, 11; 10, 1, 74: anticipate atque addite calcar, Varr. ap. Non. p. 70, 13; * Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 217: immensum gloria calcar habet, Ov. P 4, 2, 36.—So also of the driving winds: ventus calcar admovere, Varr. ap. Non. p. 451, 29.—Prov.: addere calcaria sponte currenti, to spur a willing horse, Plin. Ep. 1, 8, 1.—
II Transf., the spur on the leg of the cock, Col. 8, 2, 8.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

calcăr,¹¹ āris, n. (calx 1), éperon : subdere equo calcaria Liv. 2, 20, 2, éperonner un cheval || [fig.] calcar admovere Cic. Att. 6, 1, 5 ; calcar adhibere alicui Cic. Br. 204 ; calcaribus uti in aliquo Cic. de Or. 3, 36, éperonner = stimuler qqn || éperon, ergot de coq : Col. Rust. 8, 2, 3.

Latin > German (Georges)

calcar, āris, n. (calx), der Sporn, I) der Sporn des Reiters, A) eig.: equo calcaria subdere, dem Pferde die Sporen geben, Liv.: u. so equum calcaribus incendere, Hirt. b. G., concitare, Liv. u. Curt., stimulare, Val. Max. scherzh., ventus buccas vehementius sufflare et calcar admovere, Varr. fr. – Sprichw., addere calcaria sponte currenti, d.i. jmd. zu etw. antreiben, was er schon von selbst tut, Plin. ep. 1, 8, 1. – B) übtr., der Sporn = der Antrieb, die Anregung, der Reiz, α) Sing.: immensum gloria calcar habet, Ov.: (iram) calcar ait esse virtutis, Sen.: anticipate atque addite calcar, Varr. fr.: ascribit etiam et quasi calcar admovet, intercessisse se etc., Cic.: vatibus addere calcar, Hor.: temeritati frenos iniectos, ignaviae subditum calcar, Sen. – β) gew. Plur.: alter frenis eget, alter calcaribus, Cic.: alteri calcaria adhibere, alteri frenos, Cic.: se calcaribus in Ephoro, contra autem in Theopompo frenis uti solere, Cic. – II) der Sporn am Fuße des Hahns, Col. 8, 2, 8.

Translations

spur

Albanian: mamuz; Arabic: مِهْمَاز‎; Armenian: խթան; Assamese: আল; Azerbaijani: mahmız; Belarusian: шпора, астрога; Bulgarian: шпора; Catalan: esperó; Chinese Mandarin: 馬刺, 马刺; Czech: ostruha; Danish: spore; Dutch: spoor; Esperanto: sprono; Estonian: kannus; Finnish: kannus; French: éperon; Galician: espora; German: Sporn; Greek: σπιρούνι, σπηρούνι, σπερούνι, πτερνιστήρας, φτερνιστήρας, φτερνιστήρι, πτερνιστήρ; Ancient Greek: κέντρον, μύωψ, πλῆκτρον, πλᾶκτρον; Hebrew: דורבן / דָּרְבָּן‎; Hindi: महमेज़; Hungarian: sarkantyú; Irish: spor, brod; Italian: sperone; Japanese: 拍車; Kazakh: өкшелік; Khmer: ក្រចាប់; Korean: 박차; Kyrgyz: шпора; Latin: calcar; Macedonian: мамуза; Malay: pacu; Maori: kipa; Middle English: spore; Mongolian: түлхэц; Norwegian Bokmål: spore; Nynorsk: spore; Occitan: esperon; Pashto: مهميز‎; Persian: مهمیز‎, اسب انگیز‎; Polish: ostroga; Portuguese: espora; Romanian: pinten; Russian: шпора; Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: мамуза, оструга; Roman: mamuza, ostruga; Slovak: ostroha; Slovene: ostroga; Spanish: espuela; Swedish: sporre; Tagalog: tari, espuwelas; Tajik: маҳмез; Tibetan: རྟིང་ལྕགས; Turkish: mahmuz; Ukrainian: острога, шпора; Urdu: مہمیز‎; Uzbek: shpora, mahmez; Welsh: sbardun, ysbardun