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fear

Ἦθος ἀνθρώπῳ δαίμων -> A man's character is his fate
Heraclitus, fr. B 119 Diels

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

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subs.

P. and V. φόβος, ὁ, ἔκπληξις, ἡ, ὀρρωδία. ἡ, δεῖμα, τό, δέος, τό, V. τάρβος, τό, τρόμος, ὁ (also Plat. but rare P.).

hesitation: P. and V. ὄκνος, ὁ.

have no fear of, v.: P. and V. θαρσεῖν (acc.).

v. trans.

P. and V. φοβεῖσθαι, ὀρρωδεῖν, δεδοικέναι (perf. act. of δείδειν), δεῖσαι (aor. act. of δείδειν), ἐκφοβεῖσθαι, Ar. and P. καταδεῖσαι (1st aor. of καταδείδειν), V. δειμαίνειν (also Plat. but rare P.), τρέσαι (1st aor. of τρεῖν) (also Plat. but rare P.), ταρβεῖν, Ar. and V. τρέμειν (also Plat. but rare P.).

shrink from: P. and V. ὀκνεῖν (acc.), P. ἀποκνεῖν (acc.).

fear beforehand: V. προταρβεῖν.

fear for: use P. and V. verbs given with περί (dat.), ἀμφί (dat.), ὑπέρ (gen.), or in V. use προταρβεῖν (gen.), ὑπερδεδοικέναι (gen.).

fear over-much: V. ὑπερφοβεῖσθαι, ὑπερορρωδεῖν (Eur., Supp. 344).

fear to (with infin.): P. and V. φοβεῖσθαι, δεδοικέναι, ὀκνεῖν, κατοκνεῖν, V. ὀρρωδεῖν, τρέμειν, ταρβεῖν (all with infin.).