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Aristophanes

Φιλοκαλοῦμέν τε γὰρ μετ' εὐτελείας καὶ φιλοσοφοῦμεν ἄνευ μαλακίας -> Our love of what is beautiful does not lead to extravagance; our love of the things of the mind does not makes us soft.
Τhucydides, 2.40.1

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

Ἀριστοφάνης, Ἀριστοφάνους, ὁ.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Ăristŏphănes: is, m., = Ἀριστοφάνης.
The most distinguished comic poet of Greece, from Lindus, on the island of Rhodes, a contemporary of Socrates, Hor. S. 1, 4, 1.—Hence,
   B Derivv.,
   1    Ări-stŏphănēus or -īus, a, um, adj., Aristophanean: anapaestus Aristophanius, Cic. Or. 56, 190: metrum, Serv. Centim. p. 1818 P.—
   2    Ăristŏphănĭcus, a, um, adj., the same, Hier. ad Isa. l. 15, c. 54, v. 11.—
II A distinguished grammarian of Byzantium, pupil of Eratosthenes, and teacher of the critic Aristarchus, Cic. de Or. 3, 33, 132; id. Fin. 5, 19, 50; id. Att. 16, 11.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

Ăristŏphănēs,¹⁵ is, m. (Ἀριστοφάνης), Aristophane
1 le célèbre poète comique d’Athènes : Cic. Leg. 2, 37 ; Hor. S. 1, 4, 1 || -nēus, a, um, d’Aristophane : Cic. Or. 190, ou -īus, et -ĭcus, a, um, Gramm.
2 grammairien de Byzance : Cic. de Or. 3, 132 ; Fin. 5, 60, etc.

Latin > German (Georges)

Aristophanēs, is, Akk. em u. ēn, m. (Ἀριστοφάνης), I) der geistreichste u. witzigste Dichter der alten Komödie, »der ungezogene Liebling der Grazien«, wahrsch. von Geburt ein Athener, geb 444, gest. 380 v. Chr., Cic. de legg. 2, 37. Hor. sat. 1, 4, 1. – Dav.: a) Aristophanēus (od. -nīus), a, um, aristophanëisch, des Aristophanes, anapaestus, Cic.: metrum, Gramm. – b) Aristophanicus, a, um, aristophanisch, Hier. in lesai 15, 54, 11. – II) ein berühmter Grammatiker aus Byzanz, Schüler des Eratosthenes, Lehrer des Kritikers Aristarchus, Cic. de or. 3, 132. – III) Aristophanes Mallotes, ein Schriftsteller über Landwirtschaft, Varr. r. r. 1, 1, 8.

Wikipedia EN

Aristofanes.jpg
Aristofanes

Aristophanes (/ˌærɪˈstɒfəniːz/; Ancient Greek: Ἀριστοφάνης, pronounced; c. 446 – c. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Kydathenaion (Latin: Cydathenaeum), was a comic playwright of ancient Athens and a poet of Old Attic Comedy. Eleven of his forty plays survive virtually complete. These provide the most valuable examples of a genre of comic drama known as Old Comedy and are used to define it, along with fragments from dozens of lost plays by Aristophanes and his contemporaries.

Also known as "The Father of Comedy" and "the Prince of Ancient Comedy", Aristophanes has been said to recreate the life of ancient Athens more convincingly than any other author. His powers of ridicule were feared and acknowledged by influential contemporaries; Plato singled out Aristophanes' play The Clouds as slander that contributed to the trial and subsequent condemning to death of Socrates, although other satirical playwrights had also caricatured the philosopher.

Aristophanes' second play, The Babylonians (now lost), was denounced by Cleon as a slander against the Athenian polis. It is possible that the case was argued in court, but details of the trial are not recorded and Aristophanes caricatured Cleon mercilessly in his subsequent plays, especially The Knights, the first of many plays that he directed himself. "In my opinion," he says through that play's Chorus, "the author-director of comedies has the hardest job of all."

Surviving plays

Most of these are traditionally referred to by abbreviations of their Latin titles; Latin remains a customary language of scholarship in classical studies.

Translations

af: Aristofanes; als: Aristophanes; an: Aristófanes; ar: أريستوفان; ast: Aristófanes; az: Aristofan; ba: Аристофан; be_x_old: Арыстафан; be: Арыстафан; bg: Аристофан; br: Aristofanes; bs: Aristofan; ca: Aristòfanes; cs: Aristofanés; cy: Aristoffanes; da: Aristofanes; de: Aristophanes; diq: Aristophanes; el: Αριστοφάνης; en: Aristophanes; eo: Aristofano; es: Aristófanes; et: Aristophanes; eu: Aristofanes; fa: آریستوفان; fiu_vro: Aristophanes; fi: Aristofanes; fr: Aristophane; fy: Aristofanes; gl: Aristófanes; he: אריסטופאנס; hi: अरिस्तोफनेस; hr: Aristofan; hu: Arisztophanész; hy: Արիստոփանես; ia: Aristophanes; id: Aristofanes; io: Aristophanes; is: Aristófanes; it: Aristofane; ja: アリストパネス; ka: არისტოფანე; kk: Аристофан; kn: ಅರಿಸ್ಟೋಫೆನೀಸ್; ko: 아리스토파네스; ku: Arîstofanes; ky: Аристофан; la: Aristophanes; lfn: Aristofane; li: Aristophanes; lt: Aristofanas; lv: Aristofans; mg: Aristophanes; mk: Аристофан; ml: അരിസ്റ്റോഫനീസ്; mwl: Aristófanes; my: အယ်ရစ္စတော့ဖနီး; new: एरिस्टोफेन्स्; nl: Aristophanes; nn: Aristofanes; no: Aristofanes; oc: Aristofanes; pa: ਅਰਿਸਤੋਫਾਨੇਸ; pl: Arystofanes; pnb: ارسٹوفینز; pt: Aristófanes; ro: Aristofan; ru: Аристофан; sco: Aristophanes; sh: Aristofan; simple: Aristophanes; sk: Aristofanes; sl: Aristofan; sq: Aristofani; sr: Аристофан; sv: Aristofanes; ta: அரிஸ்டாஃபனீஸ்; th: อริสโตฟานเนส; tl: Aristophanes; tr: Aristofanes; uk: Арістофан; ur: ارسطوفینں; uz: Aristofan; vi: Aristophanes; war: Aristophanes; wuu: 阿里斯托芬; zh_min_nan: Aristophanes; zh_yue: 阿里斯托芬; zh: 阿里斯托芬