Ask at the forum if you have an Ancient or Modern Greek query!

burn

τύμβος, ὦ νυμφεῖον, ὦ κατασκαφής οἴκησις αἰείφρουρος, οἷ πορεύομαι πρὸς τοὺς ἐμαυτῆς -> Tomb, bridal chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither I go to find mine own.
Sophocles, Antigone, 883

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 105.jpg

verb transitive

P. and V. κάειν, ἐμπιπράναι, πιμπράναι (Thuc. 6, 94, but rare P. uncompounded), Ar. and V. καταίθειν, Ar. ἐκφλέγειν, V. αἴθειν, πυροῦν (also Plato but rare P.), ἐκπυροῦν, συμπυροῦν, see warm.

Met., of passion: Ar. and P. κάειν, φλέγειν (Plato), P. and V. θερμαίνειν, V. ἐπιφλέγειν, Ar. and V. ζωπυρεῖν, θάλπειν, P. διαθερμαίνειν.

join in burning: V. συνεμπιπράναι (Eur., Rhesus).

set fire to: P. and V. ἅπτειν, ὑφάπτειν, ἀνάπτειν, V. ὑπαίθειν; see fire.

burn (bricks): P. ὀπτᾶν.

burn down: Ar. and P. κατακάειν, P. καταφλέγειν, V. διαπυροῦσθαι (Eur., Cyclops 694).

burn out: P. and V. ἐκκάειν (Eur., Cyclops 633).

have one's eyes burnt out: P. τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς ἐκκάεσθαι (Plato).

burn to ashes: V. συμφλέγειν (Eur., Fragment), Ar. and V. καταιθαλοῦν, καταίθειν; see under ashes.

burn up: P. συγκάειν (Plato).

verb intransitive

P. and V. κάεσθαι, ἅπτεσθαι, V. αἴθειν, αἴθεσθαι.

burn with fever: P. and V. κάεσθαι.

burn with passion, etc.: Ar. and P. κάεσθαι (Plato), φλέγεσθαι (Plato), P. and V. θερμαίνεσθαι (Plato), Ar. and V. θάλπεσθαι.

substantive

See stream.

⇢ Look up "burn" on Perseus Dictionaries | Perseus KWIC | Perseus Corpora | Wiktionary | Wikipedia | Google | LSJ full text search