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Sophocles, Antigone, 781

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

Κύκλωψ, -ωπος, ὁ.

Cyclopean, adj.: Κυκλώπειος, Κυκλώπιος.

Latin > English

Cyclops Cyclopos/is N M :: Cyclops; one of the Cyclopes (one-eyed giants of Sicily); (esp. Polyphemus)

Wikipedia EN

In Greek mythology and later Roman mythology, the Cyclopes (/saɪˈkloʊpiːz/ sy-KLOH-peez; Greek: Κύκλωπες, Kýklōpes, "Circle-eyes" or "Round-eyes"; singular Cyclops /ˈsaɪklɒps/ SY-klops; Κύκλωψ, Kýklōps) are giant one-eyed creatures. Three groups of Cyclopes can be distinguished. In Hesiod's Theogony, they are the brothers Brontes, Steropes, and Arges, who provided Zeus with his weapon the thunderbolt. In Homer's Odyssey, they are an uncivilized group of shepherds, the brethren of Polyphemus encountered by Odysseus. Cyclopes were also famous as the builders of the Cyclopean walls of Mycenae and Tiryns.

The fifth-century BC playwright Euripides wrote a satyr play entitled Cyclops, about Odysseus' encounter with Polyphemus. Mentions of the Hesiodic and the wall-builder Cyclopes also figure in his plays. The third-century BC poet Callimachus makes the Hesiodic Cyclopes the assistants of smith-god Hephaestus. So does Virgil in his Latin epic Aeneid, where he seems to equate the Hesiodic and Homeric Cyclopes.

From at least the fifth-century BC, Cyclopes have been associated with the island of Sicily and the volcanic Aeolian Islands.

Cyclops (Ancient Greek: Κύκλωψ, Kyklōps) is an ancient Greek satyr play by Euripides, based closely on an episode from the Odyssey. It would have been the fourth part of a tetralogy presented by Euripides in a dramatic festival in 5th Century BC Athens. The date of its composition is unknown, but it was probably written late in Euripides' career. It is the only complete and extant satyr play.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Cȳ̆clops: ōpis (acc. -ōpem or -ōpa), m., = Κύκλωψ (a round eye),
I a Cyclops; in plur.: Cyclopes, um, the Cyclopes, a fabulous race of giants on the coast of Sicily; said to have each but one eye, and that in the middle of the forehead; to them were ascribed the walls called Cyclopean; plur., Cic. Div. 2, 19, 43; Plin. 7, 56, 57, §§ 195-198; Verg. A. 6, 630; 8, 424; Hor. C. 1, 4, 7; Ov. M. 3, 305 et saep.; sing. κατ ἐξοχήν, the Cyclops Polyphemus, Verg. A. 3, 617; Hor. A. P. 145; Ov. M. 13, 744 sq.; 14, 174 sq.; Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 56, § 146 et saep.: Cyclopa saltare, to imitate Polyphemus by pantomime, Hor. S. 1, 5, 63; so, moveri, id. Ep. 2, 2, 125 Orell.— Hence,
II Adj.
   A Cȳ̆clōpēus, a, um, = Κυκλώπειος, Cyclopean, of the Cyclopes; only plur as subst.: Cȳ̆clōpēa, ōrum, n., the myth of the Cyclopes as represented in a pantomime: ludere, Treb. Poll. Gall. 8, 3; Vop. Carin. 19, 3.—
   B Cȳ̆clōpĭus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to the Cyclopes: saxa, in Sicily, Verg. A. 1, 201: at Mycenae, Sen. Herc. Fur. 997: regna, Sil. 14, 33.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

Cyclōps,¹¹ ōpis, m. (Κύκλωψ), Cyclope : Cic. Div. 2, 43 ; Virg. En. 6, 630 ; Ov. M. 3, 305 ; saltare Cyclopa Hor. S. 1, 5, 63, danser la danse du Cyclope.

Latin > German (Georges)

Cyclōps, clōpis, Akk. clōpem u. clōpa, m. (Κύκλωψ, rundäugig), der Zyklop, im Plur. Cyclōpes, clōpum, Akk. clōpes u. (gew.) clōpas, m., die Zyklopen, ein mythisches, riesenhaftes, gesetzloses, menschenfressendes Hirtenvolk, angeblich Erbauer der nach ihnen benannten zyklopischen Mauern, Erfinder der Schmiedekunst, dah. Schmiedegesellen des Vulkan (u. als solche Verfertiger der Blitze des Jupiter), alle nur mit einem Auge mitten auf der Stirn versehen, Hor. carm. 1, 4, 9. Verg. Aen. 6, 630. Plin. 7, 198. – Sing., der Zyklop, κατ᾽ εξοχ. = Polyphem, Hor. de art. poët. 145 (vgl. Hom. Od. 12, 201–259.) Ov. met. 13, 744 sqq. Mythogr. Lat. 1, 5: u. meton., der Zyklop, ein den Polyphem in seiner Liebe zur Galatea darstellender Pantomimus, Hor. sat. 1, 5, 63; ep. 2, 2, 125. – Dav.: A) Cyclōpēus, a, um (Κυκλώπειος), zyklopëisch, nur subst., Cyclōpēa, ōrum, n., die in dem Pantomimus Zyklops dargestellte Mythe vom Zyklopen Polyphem, Cyclopea ludere, Treb. Poll. Gall. 8, 3 (u. dazu Salmasius s. 206). Vopisc. Carin. 19, 3. – B) Cyclōpius, a, um (Κυκλώπιος, vgl. die Auslgg. zu Verg. Aen. 1, 201 über die Formen -ēus u. -ius), zyklopisch, saxa, auf Sizilien, Verg. u. Sil.; zu Mycenä, Sen. poët.: regna, libido, Sil.: tela, Blitze, Claud.: carmen, Solin.


bg: Циклоп; de: Kyklops; el: Κύκλωψ; en: Cyclops; es: El Cíclope; fi: Kyklooppi; fr: Le Cyclope; he: הקיקלופ; is: Kýklópurinn; it: Il ciclope; ja: キュクロプス; ko: 키클롭스; la: Cyclops; nl: Cycloop; no: Kyklopen; ru: Киклоп; sh: Kiklop; sv: Cyklopen; tl: Cyclops; uk: Циклоп