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ζίζυφον

τύμβος, ὦ νυμφεῖον, ὦ κατασκαφής οἴκησις αἰείφρουρος, οἷ πορεύομαι πρὸς τοὺς ἐμαυτῆς -> Tomb, bridal chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither I go to find mine own.
Sophocles, Antigone, 883
Full diacritics: ζίζῠφον Medium diacritics: ζίζυφον Low diacritics: ζίζυφον Capitals: ΖΙΖΥΦΟΝ
Transliteration A: zízyphon Transliteration B: zizyphon Transliteration C: zizyfon Beta Code: zi/zufon

English (LSJ)

τό, a tree, the fruit of which is

   A the jujube, Zizyphus vulgaris, Gp.10.3.4; ziziphus, Colum.9.4.3: gen. pl. zizuforum, Edict. Diocl.6.56.

German (Pape)

[Seite 1140] τό, rhamnus jujuba (die Frucht jujubae wird in den Apotheken gebraucht), Geop.

Frisk Etymological English

Grammatical information: n.
Meaning: a tree of which the fruit is the jujube, Rhamnus jujuba (Colum., Edict. Diocl., Gp.).
Origin: LW [a loanword which is (probably) not of Pre-Greek origin] Orient.
Etymology: Origin unknown. From Greek comes Fr. jujube (from where MLat. jujuba), perhaps also Syr. zūzfā; s. Sommer Lautstud. 154, W.-Hofmann s. jujuba. I see no reason for Szemerényi's suggestion (from Durante, AION-L 8 (1968) 25f) for original *ζυζυφον. Barnhart, Dict. of Etym., 1988, says that it comes from Persian zayzafun. It could be Pre-Greek (cf. σέσυφος, Σίσυφος).

Frisk Etymology German

ζίζυφον: {zízuphon}
Grammar: n.
Meaning: Brustbeerbaum, Rhamnus jujuba (Colum., Edict. Diocl., Gp.).
Etymology : Herkunft unbekannt. Aus dem Griech. stammt u. a. frz. jujube (woraus mlat. jujuba), vielleicht auch syr. zūzfā; s. Sommer Lautstud. 154, W.-Hofmann s. jujuba.
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