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Cyrene

κόσμος σκηνή, ὁ βίος πάροδος· ἦλθες, εἶδες, ἀπῆλθες -> The world is a stage, life is a performance, you came, you saw, you departed
Democritus, fr. 115 D-K

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 1007.jpg

Κυρήνη, ἡ.

Of Cyrene, adj.: Κυρηναῖος.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Cȳrēnē: ēs, and Cȳrēnae, ārum, f.,
I the chief town of a province of the same name in Libya, now Kuren, celebrated for its trade, and as the birthplace of Callimachus, Eratosthenes, and Aristippus, Mel. 1, 8, 2; Plin. 5, 5, 5, § 31; Sall. J. 19, 3; Plaut. Rud. prol. 41; Cic. Planc. 5, 13; Nep. Ages. 8, 6; Sil. 8, 57; Cat. 7, 4; Sol. 27, 44.—
II Hence,
   A Cȳrēnăĭcus, a, um, adj., Cyrenaic: provincia, or absol.: Cȳrē-năĭca, ae, f., the province Cyrenaica, in Libya, Mel. 1, 8, 1; Plin. 5, 5, 5, § 31 sq.; also Cyrenaica Africa, id. ib. § 8: lacrima, i. e. laser, Scrib. Comp. 167; cf. Plin. 19, 3, 15, § 38 sq.: philosophia, the school of philosophy founded by Aristippus, Cic. de Or. 3, 17, 62.—Subst.: Cȳrēnăĭci, ōrum, m., its adherents, Cic. Ac. 2, 42, 131; id. Tusc. 3, 13, 28; id. Off. 3, 33, 116 al.—
   B Cȳrē-naeus, a, um, adj., of Cyrene: urbs, i. e. Cyrene, Sil. 8, 159: aquae, i. e. drunk by Callimachus, Prop. 4 (5), 6, 4.—
   2    Subst.: Cȳ-rēnaei, ōrum, m.
   a The inhabitants of Cyrene, Nep. Hann. 8, 1.—
   b The adherents of the Cyrenaic philosophy (cf. the preced.), Cic. Ac. 2, 24, 76.—
   C Cȳrēnensis, e, adj., the same: senatus, Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 8: populares, id. ib. 3, 2, 1: agri, Cic. Agr. 2, 19, 51: provincia, Dig. 19, 2, 61.—In plur. subst.: Cȳrēnenses, ĭum, m., inhabitants of Cyrene, Sall. J. 79, 2; Plin. 7, 56, 67, § 208; Tac. A. 3, 70.
Cȳrēnē: ēs, f., = Κυρήνη.
I A nymph, mother of Aristæus, Verg. G. 4, 376; 4, 354; Just. 13, 7.—
II A nymph, mother of Idmon, Hyg. Fab. 14.—
III A fountain in Thessaly, Serv. ad Verg. G. 4, 354.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

Cȳrēnē,¹⁴ es, f.,
1 Cyrène [mère d’Aristée] : Virg. G. 4, 321
2 ville, v. Cyrenæ.

Latin > German (Georges)

Cȳrēnē, ēs, u. Cȳrēnae, ārum, f. (Κυρήνη), I) die Hauptstadt von Cyrenaïka in Libyen, von Battos aus Thera erbaut, Geburtsort des Kallimachus (Solin. 27. § 44), Eratosthenes u. Aristippus, berühmt durch Handel, j. Ruinen von Grenneh, Form -ēne, Sall. Iug. 19, 3. Mela 1, 8, 2 (1. § 40). Iustin. 13, 7, 1. Sil. 8, 57. Augustin. serm. 46, 41: Form -ēnae, Cic. Planc. 13. Sall. hist. fr. 2, 39 (47). Solin. 27, 44. Catull. 7, 4. – Dav.: A) Cȳrēnaicus, a, um (Κυρηναϊκός), cyrenisch, Cyrenaica provincia od. Africa, od. bl. Cyrenaica, die Provinz Cyrenaïka in Libyen, Mela u. Plin.; Cyr. philosophia, die von Aristippus gegründete Philosophenschule, Cic. (so auch disciplina, Lact. epit. 39, 7); deren Anhänger Cyrenaici, Cic.: lacrima C., i.e. laser, Scrib. – Nbf. Cȳrēnaeicus (nicht Cȳrēnēicus), a, um, cyrenäisch, provincia (s. vorh.), Mela 1, 8, 1 (1. § 39); subst., Cȳrēnaeicī, ōrum, m., die Einw. der Provinz Cyrenaïka, Mela 1, 7, 6 (1. § 38); vgl. Haupt opusc. 3, 536. – B) Cȳrēnaeus, a, um (Κυρηναιος), cyrenäisch, aus Cyrene, urbs, Cyrene, Sil.: aquae, das von Kallimachus getrunkene, Prop.: subst., Cȳrēnaeus, ī, m., der Cyrenäer, Augustin. serm. 46, 41. – Cȳrēnaeī, ōrum, m., die Anhänger der cyrenäischen Philosophie, die Cyrenäer, Cic. – C) Cȳrēnēnsis, e, cyrenensisch, Plaut. u. Cic.: subst., Cȳrēnēnsis, is, m., ein Einw. von Cyrene, ein Cyrenenser, Augustin. serm. 46, 41: Plur. Cȳrēnēnsēs, ium, m., die Einw. von Cyrene, die Cyrenenser, Sall. Iug. 79. § 3 u. 5. – II) Cȳrēnē, ēs, f., die Tochter des Hypseus, Sohnes des Peneios, Mutter des Aristäos von Apollo, Verg. georg. 4, 321 u. 354; vgl. Hyg. fab. 161.

Latin > English

Cyrene Cyrenes N F :: Cyrenae (pl.), town in north-west Libia, associated district including Crete