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Mithridates

Ἐδιζησάμην ἐμεωυτόν -> I searched out myself
Heraclitus, fr. 101B

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 1017.jpg

Μιθριδάτης, -ου, ὁ.

Mithridatic, adj.: Μιθριδατικός.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Mĭthrĭdātes: is (dat. -dati, Gell. 15, 1, 6), m., = Μιθριδάτης.
I Mithridates the Great, king of Pontus, who waged war with the Romans, was at last conquered by Pompey, and stabbed himself, Cic. Ac. 2, 1, 3; id. Mur. 15, 32 sq.; id. Agr. 2, 19, 52; id. Fl. 24, 57; 25, 59 sq.; Plin. 25, 2, 3, § 5; Val. Max. 1, 8 ext. 13; 3, 7, 8. He eārly fortified himself against poison by taking antidotes; hence, profecit poto Mithridates saepe veneno, Toxica ne possent saeva nocere sibi, Mart. 5, 76 (cf.: antidotum Mithridatium, Plin. 29, 1, 8, § 24); Cels. 5, 23, 3; Juv. 14, 252.—
II A witness against Flaccus, Cic. Fl. 17, 41.—
III A king of Pergamos, a friend of Cæsar, Auct. B. Alex. 26.—
Surnamed Euergetes, an ally of the Romans against Carthage, Just. 37.—
The fifth king of the Parthians, the most powerful of all the Parthian kings, Just. 41.—
The eighth king of the Parthians, Just. 42, 2.—
A king of Armenia, Tac. A. 11, 8 sq.; 12, 45 sq.—Hence,
   A Mĭthrĭ-dātēus, a, um, adj. (Mĭthradātīum, Plin. 29, 1, 8, § 24; Scrib. 194), of or belonging to a Mithridates (poet.): nomina, Ov. M. 15, 755: vultus, Manil. 5, 515: herba, Plin. 25, 6, 26, § 62: antidotus celebratissima quae Mithridatios vocatur, Gell. 17, 16, 6.—Subst.: Mĭthrĭdātīum, ii, n., an antidote, Cael. Aur. Tard. 4, 1, 12.—
   B Mĭ-thrĭdātĭcus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Mithridates, Mithridatic (class.): bellum, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 3, 7 (v. Mithridates, I.): victoria, over Mithridates, Plin. 15, 25, 30, § 102: crimen, of the witness Mithridates, Cic. Fl. 17, 41.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

Mĭthrĭdātēs,⁹ is, m. (Μιθριδάτης), Mithridate [roi du Pont] : Cic. Ac. 2, 3 ; Mur. 32 || autres du même nom : Cic. Fl. 41 ; Tac. Ann. 11, 8 || -tēus Manil. 5, 515, -tĭcus Cic. Fl. 41 ; Pomp. 7, -tīus, a, um, Plin. 25, 62, de Mithridate.

Latin > German (Georges)

Mithridātēs, is u. ī, m. (Μιθριδάτης), I) Mithridates der Große, König von Pontus, geb. um 135 v. Chr., langjähriger, in vielen Kämpfen glücklicher Feind der Römer, der, endlich von Pompejus überwunden, sich in sein eigenes Schwert stürzte, da er frühzeitig durch Gegengifte an Gift gewöhnt sich nicht vergiften konnte (63 v. Chr.), Cic. Mur. 32; de lege agr. 2, 52. Plin. 25, 5. Mart. 5, 76, 1. Val. Max. 1, 8 ext. 13; 3, 7, 8 u.a. (wo ed. Halm überall Mitridates geschrieben ist). Gell. 15, 1, 6 (wo H2 Genet. -dati): antidotum Mithridatis, Cels. 5, 23, 3: dass. quod Mithridates composuit, Iuven. 14, 252. – II) Zeuge gegen Flakkus, Cic. Flacc. 41. – Dav.: a) Mithridātēus u. -īus, a, um (Μιθριδάτειος, -ον), mithridatisch, des Mithridates, Mithridatei vultus, Manil. 5, 515: Mithridatia herba, Plin. 25, 62: antidotum Mithridatium, Scrib. Larg. 194; vgl. (griech. Form) antidotus celebratissima, quae Mithridatios vocatur, Gell. 17, 16, 6. – subst., Mithridātīum, īī, n., Mithridat als Gegenmittel, Cael. Aur. de morb. chron. 4, 1, 12. – b) Mithridāticus, a, um (Μιθριδατικός), mithridatisch, des Mithridates, bellum, Cic.: antidotum, Plin.: crimen, des Zeugen Mithridates, Cic. Flacc. 41.

Latin > English

Mithridates Mithridatis N M :: Mithridates; (various kings of Pontus, esp. the Great beaten by Sulla/Pompey)