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Parthi

Ἦθος ἀνθρώπῳ δαίμων -> A man's character is his fate
Heraclitus, fr. B 119 Diels

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Parthi: ōrum, m., = Πάρθοι,
I the Parthians, a Scythian people, situated to the north-east of the passes of the Caspian and south of Hyrcania, famed in antiquity as roving warriors and skilful archers, Just. 41, 1, 2; Cic. Att. 5, 18, 1; id. Phil. 11, 14; Verg. G. 4, 314; Hor. C. 2, 13, 18; id. S. 2, 1, 15; Ov. A. A. 1, 209: Parthis mendacior, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 112; Tac. A. 2, 1; 6, 34; Vulg. Act. 2, 9.—In sing., Inscr. Orell. 2982.— Collect., the Parthian, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 5, 1: ecce! fugax Parthus, Ov. R. Am. 155: versis animosus equis, Hor. C. 1, 19, 12.—Hence,
   A Parthus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to the Parthians, Parthian: eques, Cic. Fam. 9, 25, 1; Ov. Tr. 2, 228: manu, id. F. 5, 580: rex, Juv. 6, 407.—
   B Parthĭa, ae, f., = Παρθία, the country of the Parthians, Parthia, the mod. Kohestan, Plin. 6, 15, 17, § 44; Luc. 8, 350.—
   C Par-thĭcus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to the Parthians, Parthian, Parthic: equitatus, Flor. 4, 9, 3: regnum, Plin. 37, 2, 8, § 2: bellum, with the Parthians, Cic. Fam. 2, 10, 2; 12, 19, 2: damna, Luc. 1, 106: pellis, leather dyed of a scarlet-red, prepared by the Parthians, Dig. 39, 4, 16, § 7; hence, too: cingula, of Parthian leather, Claud. Rapt. Pros. 2, 94: PARTHICVS as a surname of the emperor Trajan, Inscr. Orell. 795 sq.; of the emperor Septimius Severus, ib. 905 sq. —
   D Parthĭēnē, ēs, f., for Parthia, the country of the Parthians, Parthiene, Parthia, Curt. 6, 2, 12; 6, 3, 3 et saep.—
   E Parthĭēni, ōrum, another name for Parthi, the Parthians, Curt. 4, 12, 11; 9, 10, 17. —
   F Parthĭcārĭus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Parthian peltry or wares: negotiatores, Imp. Const. Cod. Just. 10, 47, 7: PRAETOR, one who had jurisdiction over the dealers in Parthian peltry, Inscr. Grut. 350, 7.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

Parthī,⁹ ōrum, m. (Πάρθοι), les Parthes [peuple de Perse], [renommés comme cavaliers et archers] ; par ext.] les Perses : Cic. Att. 5, 18, 1 ; Phil. 11, 14 ; Hor. O. 2, 13, 18 ; Virg. G. 4, 314 || Ov. Ars 1, 209 ; au sing. Parthus : Cæl. d. Cic. Fam. 8, 5, 1.

Latin > German (Georges)

Parthī, ōrum, m. (Πάρθοι), die Parther, eine szythische Völkerschaft südlich von Hyrkanien, nordöstlich von den kaspischen Pässen, als gewandte, wild umherstreifende Reiter und tüchtige Bogenschützen berühmt, den Römern furchtbar, s. Iustin. 41, 1 sqq. (Ursprung, Sitten usw. der Parther). Vgl. (über die Siege über die Römer) die Auslgg. zu Hor. carm. 3, 6, 9. Schmid Hor. ep. 1, 12, 27. p. 272 sq. – wegen ihrer Treulosigkeit berüchtigt, dah. Parthis mendacior. Hor. ep. 2, 1, 112. – Sing. Parthus = rex Parthorum, Vell. 2, 102, 1. – Dav.: A) Parthia, ae, f. (Παρθία), Parthien, das Land der Parther (s. vorher), Plin. u. Iustin. – B) Parthicus (Particus), a, um (Παρθικός), parthisch, bellum, mit den Parthern, Cic.: regnum, Plin.: equitatus, Flor.: pellis, parthisches (von den Parthern zubereitetes, scharlachrotes) Leder, Marc. dig.: sacculus, aus parth. Leder, Amm.: so auch cingula, Claud.: lasar Particum, Apic. 1, 31 u. 5, 199: pullus Particus, Apic. 6, 9. – Parthicus, Beiname röm. Kaiser als Besieger der Parther, Corp. inscr. Lat. 2, 2054 u. ö. – u. dav. Parthicārius, a, um, zu den parthischen Fellen gehörig, Partherfell-, negotiatores, Cod. Iust. 10, 47, 7: praetor, der den Partherfellhändlern Recht sprach, Corp. inscr. Lat. 2, 4110. – C) Parthiēnē, ēs, f. (Παρθυηνή) = Parthia, Curt. u.a. – D) Parthus, a, um (Πάρθος), parthisch, eques, Cic.: reges, Sen.: tellus, Prop.