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beat

Ἔρως ἀνίκατε μάχαν -> O love, invincible in battle!
Sophocles, Antigone, 781

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 67.jpg

verb transitive

strike: P. and V. κρούειν, τύπτειν, κόπτειν, συγκόπτειν (Eur., Cyclops 228), πατάξαι (1st aor. of πατάσσειν), Ar. and V. παίειν (rare P.), θείνειν, ἀράσσειν.

be beaten: use also P. and V. πληγῆναι, 2nd aor. pass. of πλήσσειν, Ar. and P. πληγὰς λαμβάνειν.

strike noisily: P. and V. κροτεῖν.

flog: Ar. and P. μαστιγοῦν.

beat to death: P. ἀποτυμπανίζειν.

beat metal: P. συγκροτεῖν.

conquer: P. and V. νικᾶν, χειροῦσθαι.

excel: P. and V. ὑπερβάλλειν, κρατεῖν (gen.).

verb intransitive

of the pulse, etc.: P. σφύζειν, P. and V. πηδᾶν.

of the heart: V. ὀρχεῖσθαι.

beat the breast: P. and V. κόπτεσθαι (absol.).

beat off: P. and V. ἀπωθεῖν or mid., ἀμύνεσθαι. P. ἀποκρούεσθαι, ἐκκρούειν; see repulse.

beat a retreat: see retreat.

beat up, procure: P. παρασκευάζεσθαι.

beat upon: see strike.

the breath of the horses beat upon them: V. εἰσέβαλλον ἱππικαί πνοαί (Soph., Electra 719).

substantive

noise of the foot, etc.: P. and V. κρότος, ὁ.

of the heart: V. πήδημα, τό. P. πήδησις, ἡ.

rhythmic motion: V. πίτυλος, ὁ.

with beat of plashing oar: V. κωπῆς ῥοθιάδος συνεμβολῇ (Aesch., Persae 396).

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