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luxuria

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

luxŭrĭa: ae, and luxŭrĭēs, ēi (v. Zumpt, Verr. 2, 2, 3, § 7, and 2, 5, 31, § 80; Roby, Gram. § 342; old
I gen. luxurii, Gracch. ap. Gell. 9, 14; the dat. of the fifth decl. is not in use, and the abl. is doubtful; v. Neue, Formenl. 1, 382 sqq.), f. luxus, rankness.
I Lit., rankness, luxuriance of trees and plants: luxuriem segetum tenerā depascit in herbā, Verg. G. 1, 112: si vitis luxuria se consumpserit, Plin. 17, 22, 35, § 181; 9, 2, 1, § 2.—
   B Poet., transf., of animals: wantonness, friskiness, frolicsomeness, Val. Fl. 7, 65.—
II Trop., riotous living, extravagance, profusion, luxury, excess: quam ecfliges, luxuriae sumptus suppeditare ut possies, Plaut. As. 4, 2, 10: animus, qui nunc luxuriā et lasciviā diffluit, Ter. Heaut. 5, 1, 72: in urbe luxuries creatur, ex luxuriā existat avaritia, necesse est, Cic. Rosc. Am. 27, 75: odit populus Romanus privatam luxuriam, id. Mur. 36, 76: luxuries Hannibalem ipsum Capuae corrupit, id. Agr. 1, 7, 20: diffluere luxuriā, id. Off. 1, 30, 106; 1, 34, 123: res ad luxuriam pertinentes, Caes. B. G. 2, 15: saevior armis Luxuria incubuit, Juv. 6, 293: quis ferat istas luxuriae sordes? id. 1, 140. —
   B Of style: in qua (oratione), ut in herbis, in summā ubertate inest luxuries quaedam, Cic. de Or. 2, 23, 96.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

luxŭrĭa,⁸ æ, et -ĭēs, ēī, f.,
1 exubérance, excès, surabondance : [dans la végétation] Cic. de Or. 2, 96 ; 3, 155 ; Virg. G. 1, 112 ; Plin. 17, 181 || [poét.] excès d’ardeur, fougue : Val. Flacc. 7, 65
2 [fig.] somptuosité, profusion, luxe : Cic. Amer. 75 ; Mur. 76 ; Cæs. G. 2, 15, 4 ; ad hominum luxuriem facta Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 98, des objets] faits pour le luxe || intempérance dans l’exercice du pouvoir : Liv. 3, 64, 1 || vie molle, voluptueuse : Ter. Haut. 945 ; Cic. Off. 1, 106 ; Verr. 2, 1, 34. les deux formes -ia, -ies sont d. Cic. || luxŭrĭi, arch. pour luxuriei : C. Gracch. d. Gell. 9, 14, 16.

Latin > German (Georges)

lūxuria, ae, f. u. lūxuriēs, ēī, f. (luxus), die Geilheit, Üppigkeit, I) eig., das üppige Wachstum der Gewächse und des Erdbodens, segetum, Verg.: umoris, Überfluß, Plin.: im Gleichnis, in qua (oratione) nunc interdum, ut in herbis rustici solent dicere in summa ubertate, inest luxuries (Überfülle) quaedam, quae stilo depascenda est, Cic. de or. 2, 96. – übtr., der Mutwille der Tiere in ihren Bewegungen, taurorum, Val. Flacc. 7, 65. – II) bildl.: a) die Üppigkeit, Schwelgerei, Vergnügungssucht, Genußsucht, Prunkliebe (Ggstz. temperantia, frugalitas, avaritia), Ter., Cic. u.a.: conviviorum, vestium, Sen.: odit populus Romanus privatam luxuriam, publicam magnificentiam (großartige Prachtliebe) diligit, Cic. (vgl. Mützell Curt. 5, 1 [3], 23): lux. morum, Iustin.: Plur., Salv. adv. avar. 1, 1, 3. – meton., agrestis luxuria, genußsüchtige Landwirte, Cic. Cat. 2, 5. – b) die Ausartung, der Übermut, bie Zügellosigkeit in Ausübung der Macht, Liv. 3, 64, 1. – Personif. Lūxuria, Plaut. trin. prol. 8. – vulg. Form lūxoria, Hermae pastor vis. 1, 1, 9.

Latin > English

luxuria luxuriae N F :: luxury; extravagance; thriving condition