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summa

Ἦθος ἀνθρώπῳ δαίμων -> A man's character is his fate
Heraclitus, fr. B 119 Diels

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

summa: ae, f. (sc. res; old
I gen. summai, Lucr. 1, 984; 6, 679) summus, v. superus.
I Lit., that which is highest in any thing, the top, summit, surface (postAug. and very rare): testudines evectae in summā pelagi, Plin. 9, 10, 12, § 35 (cf. summus, I. s. v. superus).—
II Transf., that which is most important or prominent in any thing, the main thing, chief point, principal matter; the sum, height, substance, summit, completion, perfection
   A In gen.: leges a me edentur non perfectae ... sed ipsae summae rerum atque sententiae, the main points, chief particulars, Cic. Leg. 2, 7, 18: cujus rei satis erit summam dixisse, id. Inv. 1, 20, 28: ex hac infinitā licentiā haec summa cogitur, ut, etc., id. Rep. 1, 43, 67: lectis rerum summis, Liv. 40, 29, 11: haec summa est, hic nostri nuntius esto, Verg. A. 4, 237: summa est, si curaveris, ut, etc., Cic. Fam. 13, 75, 2: in hoc summa judicii causaque tota consistit, id. Quint. 9, 32: eam ignominiam ad summam universi belli pertinere ratus, to the issue of the whole war, Liv. 32, 17, 3; cf.: haec belli summa nefandi, Verg. A. 12, 572: solus summam habet hic apud nos, the first place, pre-eminence, Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 15: qui vobis summam ordinis consiliique concedunt, Cic. Cat. 4, 7, 15: summam alicui rei dare, perfection, culmination, Quint. 3, 2, 1: 5, 10, 72; 11, 2, 41; 12, 1, 20: remittendo de summā quisque juris. strict or extreme right, Liv. 4, 43, 11.—
   B In partic.
   1    Of a reckoning of numbers, the amount, the sum, sum total, including each of the single items, as if counted: quid, tu, inquam, soles, cum rationem a dispensatore accipis, si aera singula probasti, summam, quae ex his confecta sit, non probare? Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 193, 11: addendo deducendoque videre, quae reliqui summa fiat, id. Off. 1, 18, 59: Py. Quanta istaec hominum summa est? Ar. Septem milia, Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 46: equitum magno numero ex omni populi summa separato, Cic. Rep. 2, 22, 39: subducamus summam, id. Att. 5, 21, 11: summam facere, id. Verr. 2, 2, 53, § 131.—
   2    Of money, a sum, amount.
   (a)    With pecuniae: pecuniae summam quantam imperaverit, parum convenit, Liv. 30, 16, 12: pecuniae etiam par prope summa fuit, id. 33, 23, 9: summa pecuniae signatae fuit talentūm duo milia et sexcenta, Curt. 3, 13, 16: accessit ad hanc pecuniae summam sex milia talantum, id. 5, 6, 10: pecuniae summa homines movit, Liv. 22, 61, 1; 38, 11, 8; 40, 46, 16; 42, 62, 14; cf.: census equestrem Summam nummorum, Hor. A. P. 384: ob parvam pecuniae summam erogatam, Val. Max. 4, 8, 1.—
   (b)    Without pecuniae: de summā nihil decedet, Ter. Ad. 5, 3, 30: hac summā redempti, Liv. 32, 17, 2; 22, 61, 2: Marcellus decem pondo auri et argenti ad summam sestertii decies in aerarium rettulit, id. 45, 4, 1: quācumque summā tradet luxuriae domum, Phaedr. 4, 4, 44; creditor totius summae, Quint. 5, 10, 117: actor summarum, Suet. Dom. 11.—
   3    Without reference to a count, the sum, the whole: de summā mali detrahere, Cic. Tusc. 3, 23, 55: summa cogitationum mearum omnium, id. Fam. 1, 9, 10: meorum maerorum atque amorum summam edictavi tibi, Plaut. Rud. 1, 2, 2: ergo ex hac infinita licentiā haec summa cogitur, Cic. Rep. 1, 43, 67: proposita vitae ejus velut summa, Suet. Aug. 9: vitae summa brevis spem nos vetat incohare longam, Hor. C. 1, 4, 15: summarum summa est aeterna, the sum of all sums, the sum of all things, i. e. the universe, Lucr. 5, 361; so, summa summarum, Plaut. Truc. 1, 1, 4; Sen. Ep. 40, 13; and: summa summaï, Lucr 6, 679. —
   4    Adverb.
   (a)    Ad summam, on the whole, generally, in short, in a word: ille affirmabat ... ad summam: non posse istaec sic abire, Cic. Att. 14, 1, 1; so, ad summam, id. ib. 7, 7, 7; id. Off. 1, 42, 149; id. Fam. 14, 14, 2; Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 106, Juv. 3, 79.—
   (b)    In summā, in all: Drusus erat de praevaricatione a tribunis aerariis absolutus, in summā quattuor sententiis, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 16, 3; Plin. Ep. 1, 22, 6; 2, 11, 25: in omni summā, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 5, 5 —
   (g)    In summā, at last, finally (post-Aug.): diu colluctatus est: in summā victus occumbit, Just. 13, 8, 8; 22, 1, 8; 37, 1, 8.—
   C Transf., the whole (opp. a part): magnam res diligentiam requirebat, non in summā exercitus tuenda, sed in singulis militibus conservandis, Caes. B. G. 6, 34; cf.: summa exercitus salva, the main body of the army, id. B. C. 1, 67: solet quaedam esse partium brevitas, quae longam tamen efficit summam, Quint. 4, 2, 41: quaedam partibus blandiuntur, sed in summam non consentiunt, id. 4, 2, 90.—
   2    That which relates to the whole, as opp. to a part; with gen., the general, supreme: (Remi dicebant) ad hunc (regem) totius belli summam omnium voluntate deferri, the command in chief, Caes. B. G. 2, 4: neque de summā belli suum judicium sed imperatoris esse, id. ib. 1, 41: cum penes unum est omnium summa rerum, regem illum unum vocamus, authority over all affairs, the supreme power, Cic. Rep. 1, 26, 42: is, qui summam rerum administrabat, id. Rosc. Am. 32, 91: ad te summa solum, Phormio, rerum redit, Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 3: ad summam rerum consulere, for the general interest, Caes. B. C. 3, 51: ad discrimen summa rerum adducta, to a general engagement, Liv. 10, 27: discrimen summae rerum, id. 10, 14: quos penes summam consilii voluit esse, cum imperii summam rex teneret, the sole command, Cic. Rep. 2, 28, 51; cf.: qui vobis summam ordinis consiliique concedunt, id. Cat. 4, 7, 15: imperii, Caes. B. G. 2, 23; id. B. C. 3, 5: quod penes eos (Bituriges), si id oppidum retinuissent, summam victoriae constare intellegebant, the whole credit of the victory, id. B. G. 7, 21; so, victoriae, id. B. C. 1, 82.—Poet.: summa ducum, Atri des, Ov. Am. 1, 9, 37.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

summa,⁷ æ, f. (summus),
1 la place la plus haute, le point le plus élevé : vobis summam ordinis consiliique concedunt Cic. Cat. 4, 15, ils vous concèdent la place la plus haute dans les ordres de l’État et dans les délibérations ; summam habet apud nos Pl. Truc. 700, il a le premier rang parmi nous
2 [fig.] a) le point culminant, l’apogée : Quint. 3, 2, 1 ; 5, 10, 72 ; b) la partie essentielle, le principal : summæ rerum Cic. Leg. 2, 18, les points principaux ; rei summam dicere Cic. Inv. 1, 20, dire l’essentiel d’un fait
3 [dans un calcul] total, somme, montant : addendo deducendoque videre, quæ reliqui summa fiat Cic. Off. 1, 59, par addition et soustraction voir le montant du reste ; summam subducere Cic. Att. 5, 21, 11 ; facere Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 131, faire la somme, le total ; summa omnium fuerunt ad milia trecenta Cæs. G. 1, 29, 3, le chiffre total était d’environ trois cent mille hommes || [métaph.] summa cogitationum mearum Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 10, la somme de mes pensées, cf. Cic. Tusc. 3, 55 ; Rep. 1, 67 || somme d’argent : pecuniæ summa Liv. 30, 16, 12 ; 33, 23, 9 ; Curt. 3, 13, 16, ou summa seul Ter. Ad. 816 ; Liv. 22, 61, 2 ; 32, 17, 2 ; Sen. Ben. 3, 27, 3
4 [fig.] totalité, tout, ensemble : summa exercitus Cæs. G. 6, 34, 3, l’armée dans sa totalité, dans son ensemble, cf. Cæs. C. 1, 67, 5 || belli Cæs. G. 1, 41, 3 ; 2, 4, 7, la conduite totale, générale d’une guerre ; imperii Cæs. G. 2, 23, 4 ; 7, 57, 3, le commandement suprême ; victoriæ Cæs. G. 7, 21, la totalité de la victoire ; cum penes unum est omnium summa rerum, regem illum unum vocamus Cic. Rep. 1, 42, quand un seul a en mains la conduite générale de toutes les affaires, à celui-là seul nous donnons le nom de roi ; quicquid dixi ad unam summam referri volo vel humanitatis, vel clementiæ, vel misericordiæ Cic. Lig. 29, dans toutes mes paroles je ne vise à atteindre qu’une seule chose au total, ou ton humanité ou ta clémence ou ta pitié, comme on voudra l’appeler
5 expr. adv. [pr. et fig.] : ad summam : a) en somme : Liv. 45, 4, 1 ; b) en somme, pour ne pas entrer dans le détail : Cic. Off. 1, 149 ; Fam. 14, 14, 2 || in summa Cic. Q. 2, 16, 3, au total, cf. Cic. Q. 3, 5, 5 ; Plin. Min. Ep. 1, 15, 4 || in summa Just. 13, 8, 8 et Décad., enfin.

Latin > German (Georges)

summa, ae, f. (summus, a, um), das Oberste, Höchste, I) der oberste, höchste Platz, a) = der oberste Rang, solus summam habet hic apud nos, den ersten Platz (Rang) hat, obenan steht, Plaut. truc. 727: qui vobis summam ordinis consiliique concedunt, den Vorrang des Standes u. der Beratung, Cic. Cat. 4, 15. – b) der Höhepunkt der Vollendung, der Gipfel, huic studium et incrementum dederit utilitas, summam ratio et exercitatio, Quint. 3, 2, 1; u. so Quint. 5, 10, 72 u.a. – II) der Hauptpunkt, die Hauptsache, der Hauptgegenstand, A) im allg.: ipsae summae rerum atque sententiae, Cic.: lectis rerum summis, Liv.: summa iudicii, Quint.: universi belli, Liv.: postulatorum, die Hauptforderungen, Liv. – B) insbes.: 1) die Gesamtheit, das Ganze, der Inbegriff, exercitus, Caes.: belli u. totius belli, Gesamtleitung, Nep. u. Caes.: u. so imperii, Caes.: rerum od. omnium rerum, die Oberleitung aller Angelegenheiten, die höchste Gewalt, Cic. u. Tac. (s. Heräus Tac. hist. 3, 70, 19); od. die gesamte Lage, Caes., Liv. u. Tac. (s. Heräus Tac. hist. 2, 81, 10): discrimen summae rerum, des ganzen Staatswohles, Liv.: victoriae, die völlige Entscheidung, Caes.: potentiae, Tac. – summā tamen omnia constant, seiner Gesamtheit nach, Ov. – ad summam nihil proficere, im großen und ganzen, Cic.: u. so nihil in summam proficere, Tac.: nihil in summam pacis proficere, Tac.: in summam belli proficere, Liv. (vgl. Heräus Tac. hist. 2, 16, 3. Drak. Liv. 3, 61, 12). – ad summam, adv. = überhaupt, in einem Worte, kurz u. gut, Cic.: u. = am Ende, zuletzt, Pollio bei Suet. gramm. 10: so auch in summa, in der Hauptsache, im ganzen, überhaupt, kurz u. gut, Cic. u. Plin. ep.: dafür in summam, Tac. ann. 12, 28; u. spätlat. = am Ende, zuletzt, Iustin. 13, 8, 8 u.s. – 2) die Gesamtzahl der einzelnen Posten einer Berechnung, Aufzählung, die Hauptzahl, Summe, das Fazit, Py. quanta istaec hominum summa est? Ar. septem milia, Plaut.: equitum magnum numerum ex omni populi summa separare, Cic.: u. so im Bilde, omnem meorum maerorum atque amorum summam edictavi tibi, Plaut.: propositā vitae eius velut summā partes singillatim exsequar, Suet. – summam facere od. subducere, das Fazit ziehen, Cic.: summam facere cogitationum suarum omnium, Cic.: summam conficere ex his, Cic. fr. – summa summarum, die Summe aller Summen, das Hauptergebnis, das Ergebnis von allem diesem, Plaut., Lucr. u. Sen. – So nun bes.: a) die Summe Geldes, summa parvula, eine ganz kleine S., ein Sümmchen, Sen.: de summa nihil decedet, Ter.: summam pecuniae augere, zum Gebote zulegen, Liv.: hāc summā redempti, Liv. – b) die Summe = Masse, Menge, praedae, Cic.: copiarum, Liv. – / Archaist. Genet. Sing. summai, Lucr. 1, 984 u.a. – Über summa ducum, Ov. am. 1, 9, 37, s. summus(unter superus) a.E.

Latin > English

summa summae N F :: sum; summary; chief point, essence, principal matter, substance; total