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verb transitive

deposit as security: P. ὑποτιθέναι, Ar. ἐνέχυρον τιθέναι.

betroth: P. and V. ἐγγυᾶν, V. κατεγγυᾶν; see betroth.

pledge oneself, give security: Ar. and P. ἐγγυᾶσθαι, P. and V. πίστιν διδόναι, πιστὰ διδόναι, V. πιστοῦσθαι.

promise: P. and V. ὑπισχνεῖσθαι, ἐπαγγέλλεσθαι, V. ὑπίσχεσθαι, ἐξαγγέλλεσθαι; see promise.

drink a health to: P. προπίνειν (dat.) (Xen.) (also absol., Ar., Thesmophoriazusae 631).

he pledged him in the loving cup: P. φιλοτησίας προὔπινε (Dem. 380).

pledging many a bumper: V. πυκνὴν ἄμυστιν… δεξιούμενοι (Euripides, Rhesus 419).


P. and V. πίστις, ἡ, πιστόν, τό, or pl., V. πιστώματα, τά.

bail, security: P. and V. ἐγγύη, ἡ.

something mortgaged: Ar. and P. ἐνέχυρον, τό, σύμβολον, τό, P. ὑποθήκη, ἡ.

hostage: P. and V. ὅμηρος, ὁ or ἡ (Euripides, Orestes 1189), V. ῥύσιον, τό.

seize as a pledge: V. ῥυσιάζειν.

promise: P. and V. ὑπόσχεσις, ἡ.

oath: ὅρκος, ὁ.

pledge ratified by giving the right hand: P. and V. δεξιά, ἡ (Xen.), V. δεξίωμα, τό.

give me your hand as pledge: V. ἔμβαλλε χειρὸς πίστιν (Sophocles, Philebus 813).

giving the right hand as pledge: V. προσθεὶς χεῖρα δεξιάν (Sophocles, Philebus 942).