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frumentum

Ἔρως ἀνίκατε μάχαν -> O love, invincible in battle!
Sophocles, Antigone, 781

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

frūmentum: i, n. contr. from frugimentum, from FRVG, v. fruor; fruit, κατ ἐξοχήν, i. e.,
I corn, grain (class.; in sing. usually of corn harvested): Julianus scribit: frumentum id esse, quod arista in se teneat, recte Gallum definisse: lupinum vero et fabam fruges potius dici, quia non arista sed siliqua continentur, quae Servius apud Alfenum in frumento contineri putat, Dig. 50, 16, 77: sunt prima earum (frugum) genera: frumenta, ut triticum, hordeum; et legumina, ut faba, cicer, kinds of corn, Plin. 18, 7, 9, § 48: in segetibus frumentum, in quo culmus extulit spicam, etc., Varr. R. R. 1, 48, 1: triticum vel alia frumenta, Col. 8, 9, 2: triticeum, Mart. 13, 12: Galli turpe esse ducunt frumentum manu quaerere, Cic. Rep. 3, 9: frumentum ex agris in loca tuta comportatur, id. Att. 5, 18, 2: ut in itinere copia frumenti suppeteret, Caes. B. G. 1, 3, 1; 1, 48, 2: ingens frumenti acervus, Hor. S. 2, 3, 111; 1, 1, 45; Liv. 2, 52; 21, 48; 23, 12; 23, 21 et saep.: tessera frumenti, a ticket giving the holder a share in the public distribution of corn, Juv. 7, 174; cf. Dict. of Antiq. pp. 580 sq., 864.—In plur. (esp. of standing grain: frumenta sunt proprie omnia quae aristas habent, Isid. Orig. 17, 3): bona, Cato ap. Gell. 13, 17, 1: luxuriosa, Cic. Or. 24, 81: non modo frumenta in agris matura non erant, sed, etc., Caes. B. G. 1, 16, 2; 1, 40, 11; 3, 9, 8 et saep.: frumenta autumni matura in agris, Sall. H. 3, 67, 20; Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 72; 2, 1, 140; Liv. 23, 32; 25, 15; 31, 2; 33, 6 et saep.—
II Transf.: frumenta, the small seeds or grains of figs, Plin. 15, 19, 21, § 82; 17, 27, 44, § 256.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

frūmentum,⁷ ī, n. (fruor),
1 [sing.] blé en grains, grains : Cæs. G. 1, 16, 1 ; 6, 33, 4, etc. ; Cic. Att. 5, 18, 2 ; [pl.] frumenta, espèces de blé, blé sur pied : Cæs. G. 1, 16, 2 ; 5, 14, 2, etc. ; Cic. Or. 81 || frumentum triticeum Mart. 13, 12 (in lemmate), froment [le texte consulté de Heræus porte cependant tercentum ]
2 petits grains qui sont dans les figues : Plin. 15, 82.

Latin > German (Georges)

frūmentum, ī, n. (fruor), I) im allg., das Getreide, Varro, Cic. u.a. – Plur. frumenta, die Getreidearten, Scriptt. r. r., Caes. u.a.: abundare frumentis (neben non defici opimis frugibus), Col. – übtr., frumenta (in den Feigen), die kleinen Kerne, Plin. – II) insbes., der Weizen (gew. neben hordeum), Tac. Germ. 23. Edict. Diocl. 1, 1. Apul. met. 6, 10. Veget. mil. 1, 13. Valer. bei Treb. Poll. Claud. 14, 3. Mart. 12, 72, 5. Amm. 26, 8, 2. Vulg. deut. 8, 8 u. Ierem. 41, 8.

Latin > English

frumentum frumenti N N :: grain; crops