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penalty

Ἀλλ’ ἐσθ’ ὁ θάνατος λοῖσθος ἰατρός κακῶν -> But death is the ultimate healer of ills
Sophocles, Fragment 698

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

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subs.

P. and V. ζημία, ἡ, τίσις, ἡ (Plat.), τιμωρία, ἡ, ἐπιτίμιον, or pl., V. ποινή, or pl. (rare P.), ἄποινα, τά (rare P.), ἀντίποινα, τά. Incur penalty, v.:P. and V. ὀφλισκάνειν (absol. or acc. of penalty). Pay the penalty (for): P. and V. δίκην, or pl., διδόναι (gen.), δίκην, or pl., τίνειν (gen.), δίκην, or pl., ἐκτίνειν (gen.), or in V. substitute ποινήν or ἄποινα for δίκην, V. also δίκας παρέχειν (absol.). I bid you loose these fetters ere some one pay the penalty: V. χαλᾶν κελεύω δεσμὰ πρὶν κλάειν τινά (Eur., And. 577). You shall pay the penalty, you shall smart for it: Ar. and V. κλαύσει (fut. of κλάειν), Ar. and P. οἰμώξει (fut. of οἰμώζειν). Extreme penalties: P. αἱ ἔσχαται ζημίαι. Assessment of damages: Ar. and P. τίμημα, τό. Impose a penalty, v.: Ar. and P. τιμᾶν. Impose a further penalty: P. προστιμᾶν.