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penalty

κόσμος σκηνή, ὁ βίος πάροδος· ἦλθες, εἶδες, ἀπῆλθες -> The world is a stage, life is a performance, you came, you saw, you departed
Democritus, fr. 115 D-K

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 602.jpg

subs.

P. and V. ζημία, ἡ, τίσις, ἡ (Plat.), τιμωρία, ἡ, ἐπιτίμιον, or pl., V. ποινή, or pl. (rare P.), ἄποινα, τά (rare P.), ἀντίποινα, τά. Incur penalty, v.:P. and V. ὀφλισκάνειν (absol. or acc. of penalty). Pay the penalty (for): P. and V. δίκην, or pl., διδόναι (gen.), δίκην, or pl., τίνειν (gen.), δίκην, or pl., ἐκτίνειν (gen.), or in V. substitute ποινήν or ἄποινα for δίκην, V. also δίκας παρέχειν (absol.). I bid you loose these fetters ere some one pay the penalty: V. χαλᾶν κελεύω δεσμὰ πρὶν κλάειν τινά (Eur., And. 577). You shall pay the penalty, you shall smart for it: Ar. and V. κλαύσει (fut. of κλάειν), Ar. and P. οἰμώξει (fut. of οἰμώζειν). Extreme penalties: P. αἱ ἔσχαται ζημίαι. Assessment of damages: Ar. and P. τίμημα, τό. Impose a penalty, v.: Ar. and P. τιμᾶν. Impose a further penalty: P. προστιμᾶν.