English > Greek (Woodhouse)
Latin > English (Lewis & Short)
Hippŏlytus: i, m., = Ἱππόλυτος,
I son of Theseus and Hippolyte; his step-mother Phœdra fell in love with him, but, on her advances being repelled, she accused him to her husband of attempts upon her chastity; the king in his rage cursed him and devoted him to destruction; whereupon he was torn to pieces by his horses; he was, however, restored to life by Æsculapius, and taken by Diana, under the name of Virbius, to the grove near Aricia, where he afterwards received divine honors, Ov. M. 15, 497 sq.; Cic. Off. 1, 10, 32; id. Tusc. 4, 11, 27; Verg. A. 7, 761 sq.; Hor. C. 4, 7, 26; Hyg. Fab. 47; 251.
Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)
Latin > German (Georges)
Hippolytus, ī, m. (Ἱππόλυτος), der Sohn des Theseus von der Hippolyte od. Antiope, wurde von seiner Stiefmutter Phädra, weil er in ihr unkeusches Ansinnen nicht willigte, bei seinem Vater verleumdet, deshalb von diesem verwünscht, darauf von den scheu gewordenen Pferden zerrissen, aber von Äskulap wieder lebendig gemacht; er wurde unter dem Namen Virbius (den auch sein Sohn erhielt), zu Aricia als Heros verehrt, Ov. met. 15, 497 sqq. Cic. Tusc. 4, 27; de off. 1, 33. Verg. Aen. 7, 761 sqq.
In Greek mythology, Hippolytus (Greek: Ἱππόλυτος Hippolytos; "unleasher of horses") may refer to the following personages:
- Hippolytus, son of Theseus.
- Hippolytus, an Egyptian prince as one of the sons of King Aegyptus. He suffered the same fate as his other brothers, save Lynceus, when they were slain on their wedding night by their wives who obeyed the command of their father King Danaus of Libya. Hippolytus was the son of Aegyptus by an Arabian woman and thus full brother of Istrus, Chalcodon, Agenor, Chaetus, Diocorystes, Alces, Alcmenor, Hippothous and Euchenor. In some accounts, he could be a son of Aegyptus either by Eurryroe, daughter of the river-god Nilus, or Isaie, daughter of King Agenor of Tyre. Hippolytus married the Danaid Rhode, daughter of Danaus either by the hamadryads Atlanteia or Phoebe.
- Hippolytus, one of the Gigantes, slain by Hermes.
- Hippolytus, a lover of Aegiale, wife of Diomedes.
- Hippolytus, father of Deiphobus of Amyclae (the one who cleansed Heracles for the murder of Iphitus).
- Hippolytus, successor to Zeuxippus as king of Sicyon, son of Rhopalus, grandson of Phaestus and father of Lacestades.
- Hippolytus, beloved of Apollo.
Hippolytus (Ancient Greek: Ἱππόλυτος, Hippolytos) is an Ancient Greek tragedy by Euripides, based on the myth of Hippolytus, son of Theseus. The play was first produced for the City Dionysia of Athens in 428 BC and won first prize as part of a trilogy.
Euripides first treated the myth in a previous play, Hippolytos Kalyptomenos (Ἱππόλυτος καλυπτόμενος – Hippolytus Veiled), which is now lost; what is known of it is based on echoes found in other ancient writings. The earlier play, and the one that has survived are both titled Hippolytus, but in order to distinguish the two they have traditionally been given the names, Hippolytus Kalyptomenos and Hippolytus Stephanophoros (Ἱππόλυτος στεφανοφόρος – "Hippolytus the wreath bearer"). It is thought that the contents to the missing Hippolytos Kalyptomenos portrayed a shamelessly lustful Phaedra who directly propositioned Hippolytus, which apparently offended the play's audience.
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