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surprise

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

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subs.

P. and V. θαῦμα, τό, θάμβος, τό (Thuc. and Plat. but rare P.).

Dismay: P. and V. ἔκπληξις, ἡ.

Something new: P. and V. νέον τι, καινόν τι.

The surprises of war: P. τοῦ πολέμου ὁ παράλογος (Thuc. 1, 78).

(In military sense), surprise of a position: P. κλοπή, ἡ (Xen.).

By surprise, unexpectedly: P. ἐξ ἀπροσδοκήτου.

Take by surprise, v.; use P. and V. καταλαμβάνειν; see surprise, v.

Attack unexpectedly: P. ἀπροσδοκήτῳ τινὶ ἐπιτίθεσθαι.

Taken by surprise, off one's guard: use adj., P. and V. ἀφύλακτος, ἄφρακτος (Thuc.), P. ἀπαράσκευος.

v. trans.

P. and V. θαῦμα παρέχειν (dat. ).

Dismay: P. and V. ἐκπλήσσειν, P. καταπλήσσειν.

Be surprised: P. and V. θαυμάζειν, ἀποθαυμάζειν, V. θαμβεῖν.

Come upon suddenly, overtake: P. and V. καταλαμβάνειν, αἱρεῖν, λαμβάνειν, P. ἐπιλαμβάνειν; see overtake.

Catch in the act: P. and V. λαμβάνειν, καταλαμβάνειν (Eur., Cycl.). αἱρεῖν, φωρᾶν, ἐπʼ αὐτοφώρῳ λαμβάνειν, P. καταφωρᾶν.

Surprised in the act: V. ἐπίληπτος.

They took alarm and sought to surprise (the enemy): P. δείσαντες προκαταλαβεῖν ἐβούλοντο (Thuc. 3, 3).

Surprise a position (in military sense): Ar. and P. καταλαμβάνειν, P. προκαταλαμβάνειν.