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surprise

Ὄττω τις ἔραται -> Whatever one loves best | Whom you desire most
Sappho

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 844.jpg

substantive

P. and V. θαῦμα, τό, θάμβος, τό (Thuc. and Plato but rare P.).

dismay: P. and V. ἔκπληξις, ἡ.

something new: P. and V. νέον τι, καινόν τι.

the surprises of war: P. τοῦ πολέμου ὁ παράλογος (Thuc. 1, 78).

(in military sense), surprise of a position: P. κλοπή, ἡ (Xen.).

by surprise, unexpectedly: P. ἐξ ἀπροσδοκήτου.

take by surprise, v.; use P. and V. καταλαμβάνειν; see surprise, v.

attack unexpectedly: P. ἀπροσδοκήτῳ τινὶ ἐπιτίθεσθαι.

taken by surprise, off one's guard: use adj., P. and V. ἀφύλακτος, ἄφρακτος (Thuc.), P. ἀπαράσκευος.

verb transitive

P. and V. θαῦμα παρέχω, θαῦμα παρέχειν (dat. ).

dismay: P. and V. ἐκπλήσσω, ἐκπλήσσειν, P. καταπλήσσω, καταπλήσσειν.

be surprised: P. and V. θαυμάζειν, ἀποθαυμάζειν, V. θαμβεῖν.

come upon suddenly, overtake: P. and V. καταλαμβάνειν, αἱρεῖν, λαμβάνω, λαμβάνειν, P. ἐπιλαμβάνειν; see overtake.

catch in the act: P. and V. λαμβάνω, λαμβάνειν, καταλαμβάνειν (Eur., Cyclops). αἱρεῖν, φωρᾶν, ἐπ' αὐτοφώρῳ λαμβάνειν, P. καταφωρᾶν.

surprised in the act: V. ἐπίληπτος.

they took alarm and sought to surprise (the enemy): P. δείσαντες προκαταλαβεῖν ἐβούλοντο (Thuc. 3, 3).

surprise a position (in military sense): Ar. and P. καταλαμβάνειν, P. προκαταλαμβάνειν.

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