Ask at the forum if you have an Ancient or Modern Greek query!

Prometheus

Ὠς χαρίεν ἔστʹ ἄνθρωπος, ὅταν ἄνθρωπος ᾗ → What a fine thing a human is, when truly human!
Menander, fragment 761

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

Προμηθεύς, -έως, ὁ, or say, son of Iapetus.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Prŏmētheus: (trisyl.), ĕi and ĕos, m., =Προμηθεύς (the Forethinker),
I a son of Iapetus and Clymene, brother of Epimetheus, and father of Deucalion. He formed men of clay, and animated them by means of fire brought from heaven; for which he was fastened to Caucasus, where a vulture, or, as some say, an eagle, fed upon his entrails, until, at last, it was slain by Hercules, Cic. Tusc. 3, 31, 76; Auct. Her. 4, 6, 9; Hor. C. 1, 16, 13; Ov. M. 1, 82; Hyg. Fab. 54; 144; Verg. E. 6, 42; Prop. 3, 3, 29 (4, 4, 7); Mart. 11, 85, 9; Stat. Th. 11, 478; Lact. 2, 10, 5.—Poet., transf., of a skilful potter, Juv. 4, 133.—Hence,
   A Prŏmēthēus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Prometheus, Promethean: juga, i. e. the Caucasus, Prop. 1, 12, 10; also called rupes, Mart. 9, 46, 3: fibra, of Prometheus, Val. Fl. 7, 356: creta, Col. poët. 10, 59: lutum, Mart. 10, 39, 4: cruor, Ov. Am. 2, 16, 40: manus, Stat. Th. 8, 305.—
   B Prŏmēthĭădes, ae, m. patron., the son of Prometheus, Deucalion, Ov. M. 1, 390.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

Prŏmētheūs¹² (trissyll.), ĕī ou ĕos, m. (Προμηθεύς), Prométhée [fils de Japet, frère d’Épiméthée, père de Deucalion, fit l’homme d’argile et l’anima avec le feu du ciel qu’il avait dérobé ; en punition il fut attaché sur le Caucase, où un vautour lui rongeait le foie ; il fut délivré par Hercule] : Cic. Tusc. 3, 76 || [poét.] un habile potier : Juv. 4, 133 || -ēus, a, um, de Prométhée : Promethea juga Prop. 1, 12, 10, le Caucase.

Latin > German (Georges)

Promētheus, eī u. eos, Akk. ea u. eum, Vok. eu, m. (Προμηθεύς, der Vorausdenker), Sohn des Japetus, Bruder des Epimetheus und Vater des Deukalion, bildete der Sage nach die Menschen aus Ton und belebte sie durch Feuer, das er vom Himmel geholt hatte, wofür er zur Strafe an den Kaukasus geschmiedet wurde; ein Geier, den schließlich Herkules tötete, fraß seine Eingeweide, Acc. tr. 534. Varro LL. 5, 31. Cornif. rhet. 4, 9. Cic. Tusc. 5, 8. Hyg. fab. 142 u. 144. Lact. 2, 10, 5: Genet. -ei, Prop. 2, 1, 69. Verg. ecl. 6, 42; -eos, Stat. Theb. 11, 468. – Akk. -ea, Hor. carm. 2, 18, 35. Sen. contr. 10, 5 (34) 1; eum, Hyg. fab. 54: Vok. -eu, Cic. poët. Tusc. 3, 76. – alle Kasus, Hyg. astr. 2, 15. – Prometheus ille Aeschyli, in der Tragödie des Äschylus, Cic. Tusc. 3, 76: is liber (Maecenatis), quiPrometheus‹ inscribitur, Sen. ep. 19, 9. – appell. wie im Griechischen = Bildner in Ton, Iuven. 4, 133. – Dav.: A) Promēthēus, a, um (Προμήθειος), zu Prometheus gehörig, promethëisch, iuga, v. Kaukasus, Prop.: creta, Colum. poët.: scopuli, Sen. tr.: rupes, Mart. – B) Promēthīdēs, ae, m., der Promethide (Sohn des Prometheus), d.i. Deukalion, Ov. met. 1, 390.

Wikipedia EN

In Greek mythology, Prometheus (/prəˈmiːθiəs/; Ancient Greek: Προμηθεύς, [promɛːtʰéu̯s], possibly meaning "forethought") is a Titan god of fire. Prometheus is credited with the creation of humanity from clay, and of defying the gods by stealing fire and giving it to humanity as civilization. Prometheus is known for his intelligence and for being a champion of humankind, and is also generally seen as the author of the human arts and sciences. He is sometimes presented as the father of Deucalion, the hero of the flood story.

The punishment of Prometheus as a consequence of the theft of fire and giving it to humans is a popular subject of both ancient and modern culture. Zeus, king of the Olympian gods, sentenced Prometheus to eternal torment for his transgression. Prometheus was bound to a rock, and an eagle—the emblem of Zeus—was sent to eat his liver (in ancient Greece, the liver was often thought to be the seat of human emotions). His liver would then grow back overnight, only to be eaten again the next day in an ongoing cycle. Prometheus was eventually freed by the hero Heracles. In yet more symbolism, the struggle of Prometheus is located by some at Mount Elbrus or at Mount Kazbek, two volcanic promontories in the Caucasus Mountains beyond which for the ancient Greeks lay the realm of the barbarii.

In another myth, Prometheus establishes the form of animal sacrifice practiced in ancient Greek religion. Evidence of a cult to Prometheus himself is not widespread. He was a focus of religious activity mainly at Athens, where he was linked to Athena and Hephaestus, who were the Greek deities of creative skills and technology.

Translations

af: Prometeus; als: Prometheus; ar: بروميثيوس; arz: بروميثيوس; ast: Prometeo; az: Prometey; be_x_old: Прамэтэй; be: Праметэй; bg: Прометей; bn: প্রমিথিউস; br: Prometheüs; bs: Prometej; ca: Prometeu; cs: Prométheus; cv: Прометей; cy: Promethëws; da: Prometheus; de: Prometheus; el: Προμηθέας; en: Prometheus; eo: Prometeo; es: Prometeo; et: Prometheus; eu: Prometeo; ext: Prometeu; fa: پرومته; fi: Prometheus; fr: Prométhée; ga: Proiméitéas; gl: Prometeo; he: פרומתאוס; hr: Prometej; hu: Prométheusz; hy: Պրոմեթևս; hyw: Պրոմեթեւս; id: Prometheus; is: Prómeþeifur; it: Prometeo; ja: プロメーテウス; jv: Prométhéus; ka: პრომეთე; kk: Прометей; ko: 프로메테우스; ky: Прометей; la: Prometheus; lb: Prometheus; lt: Prometėjas; lv: Prometejs; mk: Прометеј; ms: Prometheus; my: ပရာမီးသီးယပ်စ်; nl: Prometheus; no: Prometheus; oc: Prometèu; pa: ਪ੍ਰੋਮੀਥੀਅਸ; pl: Prometeusz; pnb: پرومیتھیس; pt: Prometeu; ro: Prometeu; ru: Прометей; sah: Прометей; sco: Prometheus; sh: Prometej; simple: Prometheus; sk: Prometeus; sl: Prometej; sq: Prometeu; sr: Прометеј; sv: Prometheus; sw: Prometheus; th: โพรมีเทียส; tl: Prometeo; tr: Prometheus; tt: Прометей; uk: Прометей; ur: پرومیتھیس; uz: Prometey; vi: Prometheus; war: Prometheus; wuu: 普罗米修斯; zh_min_nan: Prometheus; zh_yue: 普羅米修斯; zh: 普罗米修斯