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fail

Μή, φίλα ψυχά, βίον ἀθάνατον σπεῦδε, τὰν δ' ἔμπρακτον ἄντλει μαχανάν -> Oh! my soul do not aspire to eternal life, but exhaust the limits of the possible
Pindar, Pythian, 3.61f.

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 301.jpg

verb transitive

with non-personal subject: P. ἐκλείπω, ἐκλείπειν, Ar. and P. ἐπιλείπειν.

leave in the lurch: P. and V. λείπω, λείπειν, προλείπω, προλείπειν, καταλείπω, καταλείπειν, προϊέναι (or mid.), προδιδόναι.

you fail your friends in time of trouble: V. ἀπαυδᾶς ἐν κακοῖς φίλοισι σοῖς (Eur., Andromache 87).

when he saw his eyesight failing him: P. ἐπειδὴ ᾔσθετο… τὸν ὀφθαλμὸν αὐτὸν προδίδοντα (Dem. 1239).

verb intransitive

Of persons, meet with ill-success: P. and V. ἁμαρτάνειν, σφάλλεσθαι, ἐξαμαρτάνειν, πταίειν, P. ἀποτυγχάνειν, διαμαρτάνειν, V. ἀμπλακεῖν (2nd aor.), ἀπαμπλακεῖν (2nd aor.).

be unlucky: P. and V. δυστυχεῖν, Ar. and P. ἀτυχεῖν.

of things, not to succeed: P. and V. κακῶς χωρεῖν, οὐ προχωρεῖν.

his plan will succeed and mine will fail: V. τὰ τοῦδε μὲν πεπραγμέν' ἔσται τἀμὰ δ' ἡμαρτημένα (Soph., Oedipus Rex 620).

give out: P. and V. ἐκλείπω, ἐκλείπειν, ἐλλείπειν, Ar. and V. λείπω, λείπειν (rare P.), Ar. and P. ἐπιλείπειν.

go bankrupt: P. and V. ἀνασκευάζεσθαι; see bankrupt.

flag: P. and V. ἀπειπεῖν, παρίεσθαι; see flag.

my limbs fail: V. λύεται δέ μου μέλη (Eur., Hecuba 438).

bent spine and failing knee: V. διπλῆ ἄκανθα καὶ παλίρροπον γόνυ (Eur., Electra 492) fail (to do a thing): P. and V. οὐ δύναμαι, δύνασθαι (infin.), οὐκ ἔχειν (infin.).

fail in, not succeed in: P. διαμαρτάνειν (gen.), ἀποτυγχάνειν (gen.), P. and V. ἁμαρτάνειν (gen.). σφάλλεσθαι (gen.), ἀποσφάλλεσθαι (gen.), V. ἀμπλακεῖν (gen.) (2nd aor.).

the gloom of night is dangerous to fail in: V. ἐνδυστυχῆσαι δεινὸν εὐφρόνης κνέφας (Eur., Phoenissae 727).

be wanting in: P. and V. ἐλλείπειν (gen.), ἀπολείπεσθαι (gen.), V. λείπεσθαι (gen.).

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