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pridie

Τὸ νικᾶν αὐτὸν αὑτὸν πασῶν νικῶν πρώτη τε καὶ ἀρίστη → The first and best victory is to conquer self.
Plato, Laws 626e

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

prīdĭē: adv. from the obsol. pri (whence prior, primus, pridem) and dies.
I Lit., on the day before (class.; opp. postridie).— Constr. absol., with acc. of the day from which the reckoning was made, or with quam (class.); also, with gen. (class. only in the phrase pridie ejus diei).
   (a)    Absol., Plaut. Stich. 1, 2, 65: cui cum pridie frequentes essetis assensi, postridie ad spem estis inanem pacis devoluti, Cic. Phil. 7, 4, 14: postero die tropaeum posuit, quo loco pridie pugnatum est, Nep. Dat. 8, 3: pridie asservata materia, Plin. 18, 11, 26, § 104.—
   (b)    With quam: si hic pridie natus foret, quam hic est, Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 91: pridie quam ego Athenas veni, Cic. Att. 5, 11, 6: haec epistula est pridie data quam illa, id. ib. 3, 8, 2.—
   (g)    With gen.: pridie ejus diei, on the day before this day, the day before, Caes. B. G. 1, 47: insidiarum, the day before the ambush, Tac. A. 15, 54: Kalendarum, Dig. 28, 1, 5.—
   (d)    With acc., designating the day (v. Madvig. § 230, obs. 1): pridie Idus, Cic. Att. 13, 25, 2: Compitalia, id. ib. 2, 3, 3: Quinquatrus, id. ib. 9, 13, 2: eum diem, id. ib. 11, 23, 2: Parilia, Liv. 40, 2: Circenses, Suet. Calig. 55: constitutam diem, Just. 1, 10, 7: nuptiarum diem, Fest. s. v. Regillis, p. 286 Müll.: vindemias, Dig. 24, 3, 7: aequinoctium autumnale, ib. 43, 19, 1.—
II Transf., the phrase pridie Kalendas (Nonas, etc.) is used as a subst.: nos in Formiano esse volumus usque ad pridie Nonas Maias, Cic. Att. 2, 11, 2: ex ante diem III. Non. Jun. usque ad prid. Kal. Sept., id. ib. 3, 17, 1: gignit id maxime arcturi exortus ex a. d. pridie Idus Septembris, Plin. 11, 16, 15, § 41; cf.: EX. A. D. V. KAL. DEC. AD PR. KAL. JAN. SEXT., for six years, to the 31st December, Inscr. Orell. 594: litterarum datarum pridie Kal. Januar. suavem habuit recordationem clarissimi jurisjurandi, the 31st of December, Cic. Att. 6, 1, 22.—With an acc., not designating a day: quod uxorem pridie sortitionem ductam postridie repudiasset, Suet. Tib. 35 fin. Roth (Oud. sortitione).—
   B In gen., before, a short time before (post-class.), Dig. 40, 5, 10 fin.; Vell. 2, 83, 3: Psyche, non ita, ut pridie, parvula, App. M. 5, p. 165.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

prīdĭē⁹ (pris inus., dies), la veille : pridie vesperi Cic. Ac. 1, 1, la veille au soir ; pridie ejus diei Cæs. G. 1, 47, 2, la veille de ce jour, ou pridie eum diem Cic. Att. 11, 23, 2, cf. pridie Kalendas, Nonas, Idus, Compitalia, Quinquatrus, la veille des calendes, des nones, des ides, etc. ; usque ad pridie Nonas Maias Cic. Att. 2, 11, 2, jusqu’à la veille des nones de mai ; pridie quam veni Cic. Att. 5, 11, 6, la veille de mon arrivée, cf. 3, 8, 2 ; Læl. 12.

Latin > German (Georges)

prīdiē, Adv. (v. veralteten pris [[[wovon]] prior, pridem etc.] u. von dies; vgl. Isid. orig. 5, 30, 21 ›pridie, quasi priore die‹), I) tags vorher, mit dem Acc. od. Genet. des Tages, von dem an gerechnet wird, od. m. folg. quam, pridie eum diem, Cic.: pridie constitutam diem, Iustin.: pridie Compitalia, Cic.: pridie Idus, Cic.: usque ad pridie kal. Sept., Cic.: pridie insidiarum, Tac.: vollständig, pridie eius diei, Cic.: pridie Mardochaei diei, Vulg.: pridie quam Athenas veni, am Tage vor meiner Ankunft usw., Cic.: quidquid pridie habuerant, quam in conloquium est ventum, habeant, Liv. – a pridie, Pelagon. veterin. 28 (387 Ihm). – II) übtr., übh. vorher, früher, pridie quam etc., Gaius inst. 3, 100. Marcell. dig. 40, 5, 10. § 2: non ita, ut pridie, parvula, Apul. met. 5, 14.

Latin > English

pridie ADV :: day before