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Γελᾷ δ' ὁ μωρός, κἄν τι μὴ γέλοιον ᾖ → The fool laughs even when there's nothing to laugh at

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Of place: P. and V. πρό (gen.), πρόσθεν (gen.), ἐπίπροσθεν (gen.), Ar. and P. ἔμπροσθεν (gen.), V. πάρος (gen.), πάροιθε (gen.), πάροιθεν (gen.), πρόσθε (gen.).

Of time: P. and V. πρό (gen.), P. ἔμπροσθεν (gen.), V. πρόσθεν (gen.) (also Xen. but rare P.), πρόσθε (gen.), πάρος (gen.), πάροιθεν (gen.), πάροιθε (gen.).

Of preference or superiority: P. and V. πρό (gen.), ἐπίπροσθεν (gen.), V. πάρος (gen.), πρόσθε (gen.), πάροιθεν (gen.), πάροιθε (gen.), P. ἔμπροσθεν (gen.).

in the presence of: P. and V. ἐναντίον (gen.), V. ἀντίον (gen.).

into the presence of: P. and V. παρά (acc.), ὡς (acc.).

appear before (a judge, etc.): P. and V. εἰσέρχεσθαι εἰς or εἰσέρχεσθαι πρός (acc.).

(speak, plead) before: P. and V. ἐν (dat.).

Leochares is the cause of my speaking before you: P. αἴτιος μέν ἐστι Λεωχαρὴς τοῦ… ἐμὲ λέγειν ἐν ὑμῖν (Dem. 1080).

the citizens will become beller with this as an example before them: P. τούτῳ παραδείγματι χρώμενοι βελτίους ἔσονται οἱ πολῖται (Lys. 140).

the day before: P. τῇ προτεραίᾳ (gen. or absol.).

on the day before the trial: P. τῇ προτεραίᾳ τῆς δίκης (Plato, Phaedo, 58A).

before heaven (in adjurations): P. and V. πρὸς θεῶν.


Of place: P. and V. πρόσθεν, ἐπίπροσθεν, P. ἔμπροσθεν.

Of time: P. and V. πρόσθεν, πρίν, τὸ πρίν, πρὸ τοῦ, πρότερον, P. ἔμπροσθεν, Ar. and V. πάρος, V. πάροιθεν τὸν πρὸ τοῦ χρόνον.

formerly, long ago: P. and V. πάλαι, πάλαι ποτέ; see formerly.

already: P. and V. ἤδη.

hitherto: P. and V. εἰς τὸ νῦν, P. μέχρι τοῦ νῦν; see hitherto.


P. and V. πρίν, Ar. and P. πρότερον ἤ, πρότερον πρίν.

the day before he set sail: P. τῇ προτεραίᾳ ἢ ἀνήγετο (Lys. 153).