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prison

Τὰ πάντα ῥεῖ καὶ οὐδὲν μένει → Everything flows and nothing stands still
Heraclitus

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

Woodhouse page for prison - Opens in new window

substantive

P. and V. εἱρκτή, ἡ, or pl., P. δεσμωτήριον, τό, εἱργμός, ὁ, V. ὁρκάναι, αἱ, φυλακή, ἡ.

public prison: P. τὸ δημόσιον, V. πάνδημος στέγη, ἡ.

imprisonment: use P. and V. δεσμός, ὁ, or pl.

be thrown into prison: P. εἰς εἱρκτὴν εἰσπίπτειν (Thuc. 1, 131).

verb transitive

See imprison.

Translations

Abkhaz: абахҭа; Adzera: karabus; Afrikaans: tronk, gevangenis; Albanian: burg; Amharic: ከርቼሌ, ዘብጥያ; Arabic: سِجْن‎; Egyptian Arabic: سجن‎; Hijazi Arabic: سِجِن‎; Moroccan Arabic: حبْس‎; Aramaic: ܚܒܘܫܝܐ‎; Armenian: բանտ; Aromanian: ncljisoari, hapsi, hãpsani, filichii, zundani, pudrumi; Asturian: cárcel, prisión; Avar: турма; Azerbaijani: həbsxana, zindan, dustaqxana, qazamat, türmə, həbs; Bashkir: төрмә; Basque: espetxe; Belarusian: турма, цямні́ца, астрог; Bengali: কারাগার; Bulgarian: затвор, дранголник, тъмница, тюрма, зандан; Burmese: အကျဉ်းထောင်, ထောင်; Catalan: presó, càrcer, presidi; Cebuano: bilanggoan, prisohan; Chechen: набахти; Cherokee: ᏗᏓᏍᏚᏗ; Chinese Cantonese: 監獄, 监狱, 牢獄, 牢狱, 監牢, 监牢; Dungan: йүҗян, банфонзы; Hakka: 監獄, 监狱, 監牢, 监牢, 囹仔; Mandarin: 監獄, 监狱, 牢獄, 牢狱, 監牢, 监牢, 班房; Min Nan: 監牢, 监牢, 監獄, 监狱, 櫳仔, 栊仔, 櫳仔內, 栊仔内; Wu: 監獄, 监狱; Coptic: ϣⲧⲉⲕⲟ, ⲕⲉⲣⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ; Cornish: prison; Corsican: prigione, prigiò, prighjò, carcere, carcera; Czech: vězení, žalář, věznice; Danish: fængsel; Dutch: gevangenis, kerker; English: big house, calaboose, can, chokey, choky, clink, correctional facility, correctional institution, hock, house of detention, joint, jug, nick, pen, penitentiary, porridge, prison, queer ken, slam, slammer, stir; Esperanto: malliberejo, prizono; Estonian: vangla; Farefare: yʋ'a deem; Faroese: fongsul, fangahús, gegl; Finnish: vankila, tyrmä; French: prison, cabane, geôle, pénitencier; Old French: prison; Galician: prisión, cárcere, cadea, trenla; Georgian: ციხე, საპატიმრო; German: Gefängnis, Knast, Kerker, Zuchthaus; Greek: γκιζντάνι, δεσμωτήριο, μπουζού, στενή, φρέσκο, φυλάκα, φυλακή, ψειρού; Ancient Greek: ἀναγκαῖον, ἀνώγαιον, ἀπόκλεισμα, ἀποκλεισμός, γόργυρα, δεκανικός, δεσμευτήριον, δεσμός, δεσμοφυλάκειον, δεσμοφυλάκιον, δεσμωτήριον, δικαιωτήριον, δραπεταγώγιον, ἐγκλειστήριον, ἐγκλείστρα, εἶργμα, εἰργμός, εἱργμός, εἰρκτή, εἱρκτή, ἑρκτή, κάρκαρον, κάρκαρος, οἴκημα, ὁρκάνα, ὁρκάνη, ὀχύρωμα, συγκλειστήριον, σωματοτροφεῖον, τήρησις, τηρητήριον, φρουρά, φρούριον, φυλακή; Greenlandic: parnaarussivik; Gujarati: તુરંગ; Hebrew: כֶּלֶא‎, בֵּית כֶּלֶא‎, בֵּית סֹהַר‎, בֵּית הָאֲסוּרִים‎; Hiligaynon: bilanggoan; Hindi: कारागार, बन्दीघर, जेल, क़ैदख़ाना; Hungarian: börtön; Icelandic: fangelsi; Ido: karcero; Ilocano: pagbaludan; Indonesian: penjara; Irish: príosún, carcair; Italian: prigione, carcere, fresco; Japanese: 監獄, 刑務所, 牢屋, 牢; Jarai: sang krư̆, sang mơnă; Kannada: ಜೈಲು; Kazakh: түрме, абақты; Khmer: គុក, ពន្ធនាគារ; Korean: 교도소(矯導所), 교화소(敎化所), 감옥(監獄), 형무소(刑務所); Kurdish Central Kurdish: بەندیخانە‎, گرتوخانە‎, زندان‎; Northern Kurdish: girtîgeh, zindan; Kyrgyz: түрмө, абак; Lao: ຄຸກ, ເຮືອນຈຳກາງ, ພັນທະນາຄານ, ຕະລາງ, ໂຮງຣາຊທັນ; Latin: carcer; Latvian: cietums; Lithuanian: kalėjimas; Livonian: vizākuodā; Luxembourgish: Prisong; Macedonian: затвор, зандана; Malay: penjara; Malayalam: കാരാഗൃഹം, ജയില്, തുറുങ്ക്; Maltese: ħabs; Manx: pryssoon; Maori: whare herehere; Marathi: तुरुंग; Mongolian Cyrillic: шорон, гяндан, хар гэр; Moore: bãens-roogo, bi-bees roogo; Navajo: awáalya; Nepali: थाना; Northern Sami: fáŋgal, ladni; Norwegian Bokmål: fengsel; Nynorsk: fengsel; Occitan: preson; Ojibwe: gibaakwa'odiiwigamig; Okinawan: 監獄, 牢屋, 牢; Old Church Slavonic Cyrillic: тьмьница, острогъ; Old East Slavic: тюрма, тьмьница, острогъ; Old English: cweartern, carcern; Oromo: mana hidhaa; Ossetian: ахӕстон; Pashto: زندان‎, اړتون‎, بنديخانه‎, جېل‎, جېلخانه‎, قيدخانه‎, محبس‎; Persian: زندان‎; Plautdietsch: Kjarkja, Jefenkjniss; Polish: więzienie, pierdel; Portuguese: prisão, cadeia, xadrez, cárcere; Punjabi: ਜੇਲ੍ਹ, ਬੰਦੀਖਾਨਾ, ਬੰਦੀਖ਼ਾਨਾ, ਕੈਦਖਾਨਾ, ਕੈਦਖ਼ਾਨਾ; Quechua: laqha wasi; Romanian: închisoare, pușcărie, temniță; Romansch: praschun; Russian: тюрьма, темница, острог, кутузка, каталажка, тюряга, зона, каземат; Sanskrit: कारागृह, कारागार; Scots: preeson; Scottish Gaelic: prìosan; Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: затвор, та̀мница; Roman: zátvor, tàmnica; Sinhalese: සිරගෙදර; Slovak: väznica, väzenie, žalár; Slovene: zapor, ječa; Sorbian Lower Sorbian: popajźeństwo; Upper Sorbian: jastwo; Southern Altai: тӱрме; Spanish: cárcel, prisión, penitenciaría, chirona, trullo, talego; Svan: დჷლიგ; Swahili: jela, gereza; Swedish: fängelse; Tagalog: bilangguan, piitan; Tajik: зиндон; Tamil: சிறை, சிறைச்சாலை; Tatar: төрмә; Telugu: జైలు, కారాగారం; Thai: คุก, กรงขัง, เรือนจำ, พันธนาคาร, ทัณฑสถาน; Tibetan: བཙོན་ཁང; Tigrinya: ቤት ማእሰርቲ; Tocharian B: prautke; Tok Pisin: kalabus; Turkish: hapis, hapishane, cezaevi; Turkmen: türme; Tuvan: кара-бажың; Ukrainian: в'язниця, тюрма, темниця, острог; Urdu: کاراگار‎, بندیگھر‎, جیل‎, قیدخانہ‎; Uyghur: تۈرمە‎, قاماقخانا‎; Uzbek: turma, qamoqxona; Vietnamese: tù, nhà tù; Volapük: fanäböp; Walloon: prijhon; Welsh: carchar; West Frisian: finzenis; Yiddish: טורמע‎, תּפֿיסה‎; Yonaguni: 牢屋; Zhuang: banfuengz, gam, lauz, fuengz