Ask at the forum if you have an Ancient or Modern Greek query!

Sparta

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 1025.jpg

Σπάρτη, ἡ: see Lacedaemon.

A Spartan: Σπαρτιάτης, -ου, ὁ; fem. Σπαρτιᾶτις, -ιδος, ἡ.

Spartan, adj.: Σπαρτιατικός; fem. adj. Σπαρτιᾶτις (-ιδος).

Land of Sparta: V. Σπαρτιᾶτις (-ιδος) χθών, ἡ.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

Sparta: ae (Gr. acc. Sparten, Ov. M. 10, 170), f., = Σπάρτη.
I The famous capital of Laconia, more usually called Lacedaemon, near the mod. Mistra, Plin. 4, 5, 8, § 16; Plaut. Poen. 3, 3, 50; 3, 3, 53; Cic. Rep. 2, 23, 43; 2, 33, 58; id. tusc. 2, 14, 34; id. Off. 2, 22, 77; Verg. A. 2, 577 al.—Poet. collat. form Spartē, ēs, f., Prop. 3, 14 (4, 13), 1; Ov. M. 6, 414; 10, 170; 10, 217 al.— In Greek form, Cicero, in allusion to Euripides, has the word twice proverbially: Σπάρταν ἔλαχες, ταύταν κόσμει, i. e. Sparta is your country, make the most of it, Cic. Att. 4, 6, 2; cf. id. ib. 1, 20, 3.—Hence,
   A Spartānus, a, um, adj., Spartan (mostly poet. for the class. Lacedaemonius): Hermione, Prop. 1, 4, 6: virgo, Verg. A. 1, 316: gens, Ov. M. 3, 208: lex, Prop. 3, 14 (4, 13), 21: disciplina, Liv. 38, 17: canes, Luc. 4, 441: discus, Mart. 14, 164: saxum, marble, id. 1, 56, 5; Curt. 10, 10, 14; Petr. 105; Val. Max. 2, 6, 1; 4, 6, ext. 3; Sen. Suas. 2, 16.— Subst.: Spartānus, i, m., a Spartan (mostly poet. and post-Aug.), Plaut. Poen. 3, 5, 25; Val. Max. 3, 2, ext. 3 al.—Plur., Nep. Pelop. 2, 4; Tac. A. 2, 60; 3, 26; Curt. 7, 19, 39; Just. 2, 11; Claud. Cons. Mall. Theod. 153.—*
   B Spartĭātĭcus, a, um, adj., Spartan: res, Plaut. Poen. 3, 4, 9. —*
   C Spartĭăcus, a, um, adj., Spartan: Taenaros, App. M. 1, p. 102, 25.—*
   D Spartĭcus, a, um, adj., Spartan: myrtus, Verg. Cul. 398 Sill. N. cr.—
   E Spar-tĭātes, ae, m., a Spartan, Plaut. Poen. 3, 5, 35; Cic. Tusc. 1, 43, 102; 2, 15, 36; 2, 16, 37; 5, 27, 77; id. Div. 1, 34, 76.—
II Transf., Greece, Naev. B. Pun. 1, 9.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

Sparta,¹¹ æ, f., Cic. Rep. 2, 43, etc., et Spartē, ēs, f., Prop. 3, 14, 1 ; Ov. M. 6, 414, etc., Sparte, Lacédémone.

Latin > German (Georges)

Sparta, ae, f. u. Spartē, ēs, f. (Σπάρτη), die bekannte Hauptstadt Lakoniens, gew. Lacedaemon gen., j. Misitra, Plaut. Poen. 663 u. 666. Cic. Tusc. 2, 34: poet. Form -e, Prop. 3, 14, 1. Ov. met. 6, 144 u.ö.: Plur. Spartae meton. = die Spartaner, Itala 1. Mach. 12, 2 u. 5. – Dav.: A) Spartānus, a, um, aus Sparta, spartanisch, civitas, Val. Max.: bellum, Krieg mit Sp., Liv.: disciplina, Liv.: nobilitas, Petron.: saxum (Marmor), Mart.: chlamys, purpurne (mit Anspielung auf Tänarum, wo es viele Purpurschnecken gab), Iuven.: aula omnibus Spartanis gymnasiis durior, Pacat. pan. – subst., Spartānus, ī, m., der Spartaner, Val. Max. 3, 2. ext. 3; 3, 7. ext. 8; 6, 4. ext. 5: peregrinus Spartanus, Plaut. Poen. 770: oft im Plur., Spartāni, ōrum, m., die Spartaner, Nep. Pelop. 2, 4; de regg. 1, 2. Tac. ann. 3, 26. Curt. 4. 1 (6), 40; 4, 8 (34), 15; 7, 4 (19), 39. Iustin. 2, 11, 8; 2, 25, 5 sqq. u.a. Claud. cons. Mall. Theod. 153. – B) Spartiacus, a, um (Σπαρτιακός), spartanisch, Apul. met. 1. c. 1. – C) Spartiātēs, ae, m. (Σπαρτιάτης), aus Sparta, der Spartaner, Plaut., Cic. u.a. – D) Spartiāticus, a, um, spartanisch, Plaut. Poen. 719. – E) Sparticus, a, um, spartanisch, myrtus, Ps. Verg. cul. 400 Haupt (Ribbeck liest Parthica).