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cacumen

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

căcūmen: ĭnis, n. etym. dub.,
I the extreme end, extremity, or point of a thing; the peak, top, utmost point.
I Lit. (whether horizontal or perpendicular; while culmen is an extremity projecting in height; v. Doed. Syn.; in the poets freq.; in prose rare before the Aug. per.; not in Cic.): ut altis Arboribus vicina cacumina summa terantur Inter se, the extreme top, Lucr. 1, 898. —So of tree-tops: umbrosa cacumina, Verg. E. 2, 3: fracta, id. ib. 9, 9; 6, 28; id. G. 2, 29; 2, 307; Ov. M. 1, 346; 1, 552; 1, 567; 8, 257; 8, 716; 8, 756; 9, 389; 10, 140; 10, 193; 13, 833; 15, 396; Quint. 8, 3, 10; 1, 2, 26: arborum cacumina, Plin. 10, 53, 74, § 147: ficorum, pirorum, malorum, Col. 3, 21, 11: olivae, id. 5, 11, 14 and 15; 11, 3, 37; Pall. Jan. 15, 15; id. Febr. 25, 28; id. Mart. 10, 23; 10, 35; id. Apr. 4, 1; Veg. 4, 4, 9 al.: harundinis, Plin. 16, 36, 64, § 158.—Of grass, the points of the blades, Ov. Tr. 3, 12, 12: praeacutis (ramorum) cacuminibus, Caes. B. G. 7, 73; Lucr. 6, 459.— Of the summits, peaks of mountains, Liv. 7, 34, 4; Lucr. 6, 464; Cat. 64, 240; Verg. A. 3, 274; Hor. Epod. 16, 28; Ov. M. 1, 310; 1, 317; 1, 666; 6, 311; 8, 797; 7, 804; 9, 93; Luc. 7, 75, Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 117; 6, 7, 7, § 20 al.—Of other things: pilorum, Auct. B. Afr. 47: atomi, Lucr. 1, 600: cujusque rei, id. 1, 750: ovi, Plin. 10, 52, 74, § 145; 10. 54, 75, § 151: metae, id. 36, 5, 4, § 31: pyramidis, id. 36, 12, 17, § 79: membrorum, id. 11, 37. 88, § 219: ignis, Luc. 1, 551: incurvum, of the elephant's back, Sil. 9, 584.—
II Trop.
   A The end, limit: donec alescundi summum tetigere cacumen, until they have completely attained the limit of their growth, Lucr. 2, 1130: ad summum donec venere cacumen, to the height of perfection, id. 5, 1456: famae, Laber. ap. Macr. S. 2, 7.—
   B As a gram. t. t., the mark of accent placed over a letter, Mart. Cap. 3, § 273.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

căcūmĕn,¹⁰ ĭnis, n.,
1 sommet, extrémité, pointe : Cato Agr. 6, 3 ; Varro R. 1, 40, 6 ; ramorum cacumina Cæs. G. 7, 73, 2, les extrémités des branches ; in acutum cacumen fastigatus Liv. 37, 27, 2, dont le sommet se termine en pointe aiguë || sommet, cime [d’une montagne, d’un arbre, etc.] : Lucr. 6, 464 ; Virg. B. 2, 3
2 [fig.] comble, faîte, perfection, apogée : Lucr. 2, 1130 || accent sur les syllabes : Diom. 433, 21 ; Capel. 3, 273.

Latin > German (Georges)

cacūmen, minis, n. (vgl. altind. kakúd, Gipfel, Kuppe), die allmählich auslaufende kegelförmige Spitze, das spitz auslaufende obere Ende, bes. der Gipfel eines Berges, Baumes (Ggstz. radix), I) eig.: a) übh.: cacumen radicis loco ponis, Sen.: montis, Catull., Sen. u.a.: Alpium, Plin.: nuda fere cacumina (rupis) sunt, Liv.: collis in modum metae in acutum cacumen fastigatus, Liv.: pyramidis, Plin.: arboris, Verg., Quint. u.a.: oleae, Quint.: praeacuta (ramorum) cacumina, Caes.: cacumina clavorum (der Nägel), Val. Max.: graminis, Plin.: ovi, Plin.: corporis, Lucr.: membrorum, Plin. – b) als gramm. t. t., das über die Buchstaben gesetzte Akzentzeichen, Diom. 433, 21. Mart. Cap. 3. § 273. – II) übtr., der Gipfel = das Höchste, das äußerste Ziel, in cacumine ipso pulchritudinis, venustatis et floris, Arnob. 6, 13: alescendi summum tangere c., den Gipfel des Wachstums völlig erreichen, Lucr. 2, 1130: artibus ad summum c. venire, zur höchsten Vollkommenheit gelangen, Lucr. 5, 1455: florens cacumen nostrae famae frangere, Naev. com. 115.

Latin > English

cacumen cacuminis N N :: top, peak, summit; shoot, blade of grass, tip of tree/branch; zenith; limit